IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 663 - Some people support development of agriculture

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people support the development of agriculture, like factory farming and the scientific creation of fruits and vegetables, while others oppose.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:
A group of people believe that scientific approaches and advanced technology in agriculture activities brings a lot of benefits for societies, while others still maintain traditional ways. Both views have their own advantages and disadvantages, and the following essay will discuss in details, but in my personal opinion, I do believe that the old-fashioned ways are better.

To begin with, many farmers are using technology and scientific approaches to managing their farms these days. They believe that by using technology such as tractors and dozers or using advanced chemical fertiliser, it will increase their productivity. However, many people do not realise that the usage of these advanced technological approaches has some side effects. For example, many fruits and vegetables that use pesticides have caused allergic diseases in human beings. And then, the over usage of pesticides in farming has made pests became more immune and made the ecosystem became imbalanced.

On the other hand, some farmers are still using the old-fashioned ways. They manage their plantations using traditional tools such as using cows, horses and traditional carts. And they prefer to use natural seeds, rather than using special seeds, which was created by scientists. Although the productivity of these farms is definitely lower, they generate healthier foods for mankind. As a result, many people prefer to purchase organic fruits and vegetables nowadays, as they realise that qualities of these organic foods are better than the industrialised ones.

In conclusion, it is a fact that some farmers are in favour of using advanced technology and scientific approaches in handling their farms, while others still use the traditional ways. Both approaches have their own benefits and drawbacks, but in my opinion, traditional ways are still better than the modern one, as organic foods are healthier for consumption.

[ Written by - Darwin ]

Sample Answer 2:
This global population explosion has reduced the farming lands and has overwhelmingly increased the demand for food. To accord with the demand, many have already adopted intensive animal farming and creation of fruits while others still follow the traditional ways of farming. Both approaches have merits and drawbacks but to feed the hungry mouths, scientific approaches to produce more food should be welcomed with proper research.

To begin with, traditional farming produces fresh and hygienic food that have a proper nutrition. This approach also keeps the land fertile and do not make animal stocks that have been genetically modified. Consuming farm-fresh fruits and organic food is the secret to have a healthier life. However, the food production in this procedure is costly and sluggish.   

On the contrary, the world population has already reached to over 7.6 billion and it is increasing rapidly. More population means fewer lands for cultivation. From this regards, I believe that scientific methods for producing more food at a reduced price is a timely demand. Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production maximize production while minimizing production costs and this is a necessary step to feel the global food demand, I believe. To cite an example, the majority of the rural households in developing countries had farming lands and animal stocks to meet the demand for the family. These lands are shrinking to accommodate new family members and most of these households now rely on food items purchased from the market. If farmers do not adopt technology and scientific methods to produce more, people would starve. 

To conclude, we should employ scientific methods to support the development of agriculture at the current era where food demand is higher than any other time in the history, but proper research should be in place to ensure hygiene and quality of these productions.

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Punit Darji
Essay topic: Some people support the development of agriculture, like factory farming and the scientific creation of fruits and vegetables, while others oppose.Discuss both views and give your opinion. Answer: Nowadays, colossal developments have taken place in the agriculture which could lead to a catch-22 situation. A group of people supports factory farming and opine that we should yield as much food as possible while others think it is an adverse development that very negatively affects our health and environment. In my opinion, genetic food is better than factory farming food but using science to a limited extent is helpful for the farming sector. On the positive side, intensive farming is the way of future. It allows farmers to increase their production in a smaller area at a lower cost. Moreover, biotechnology in the growth and production of fruits and vegetables has enabled scientists to change the way of ripening. For instance, fruits and vegetables continue to ripen after harvesting and we can have our favourite fruits and vegetables around the year. Such products can be harvested when the ripening process stops, giving them a longer shelf life. On the downside, intensive farming involves various kind of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides. Apart from this, it is also associated with farms that keep livestock above their holding capacity. Which creates pollution, various diseases and infection by overcrowding. Genetically modified foods are not certain environmental friendly and often lacks the necessary food value. Moreover, scientists still do not have a clear understanding of how genetic changes affect every crop and livestock. To conclude, I pen down saying that as every garden has weeds, such developments have their pros and cons. We should know where to draw the line and take maximum advantage of this technology minimising its harmful effects.