IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 13 - What changes do you think this new century will bring

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic:

The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring?

Use examples and details in your answer.

You should write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1:
As we have already stepped into the 21st century, it is inevitably true that enormous changes like advances in technology, heath care, and transportation will be visibly experienced. This essay will highlight the beneficial growth in our health sector and transport system that is possible to be made available in the new generation.

Development in the health care will be greatly observed in this century. First of all, the diagnosis of severe diseases will be straight-forward as a consequence of the presence of high technological apparatuses and innovative devices. Secondly, rehabilitation and cure to deadly illnesses will be less complicated, this is due to the constant research of the professionals like the medical team and scientists on the treatment like medicines, effective exercise, and healthy eating. Lastly, the percentage of deaths of the human beings will significantly decrease and therefore, the quality of life will enhance and chances of people to live longer will gradually rise.

Another noticeable trend that we can look forward to in this era is the technological approach to transportation. Faster and more reliable transport system will be made available to the public at a cheaper price. Hence, people all over the world can step foot to the different diversity of each country close to a blink of an eye. A good example is the constant competition of the airline companies, therefore, decreasing their price range or offering a more reasonable package holidays to the mass public.

In conclusion, there are several advantages that human beings will experience in the 21st century. Through vigorous experiments and knowledge learnt from the previous generations, people may expect a more convenient life such as able to live a longer and healthier as well travelling will less financial worry.

[Written by - Stefanie]

Model Answer 2:
The new century comes with a different technology, inventions, political and social changes and also brings the new brutality in human history and the 21st century has already brought many changes in the world and human lives and certainly there are yet more changes to come.

First of all, the technological changes and updates would become more frequent and the use of the internet, cell phone and computers would become widespread. Even in very remote areas people would use these technological advances and that would both positively and negatively affect their lifestyle. Second, the religious fanaticism would diminish and except few fanatic people, most other would live a life where religion would bring little conflicts. Third, the improvements in genetic engineering and medical science would improve the way of people live as it would eradicate many deadly diseases. However, the history suggests that new devastating diseases would emerge without any cure. Fourth, the conflict among nations would become more economic than the doctrine and politics. The world would be divided in terms of capitalism and socialism and new political dogma would appear in many countries.

Fifth, People would learn more about the outer space as the experiment and scientific research on outer space are going on more steadily than ever. Sixth, the nuclear power would replace the traditional power sources and at the same time many countries would possess the nuclear power and that would always be a threat to the world. I would not be surprised if nuclear war takes place in this century and destroy a great number of countries. Then people would explore the sea resources as the land resources would be less in number and that would be a great new source for people.

In conclusion, the world would have newer technologies and a better life expectation in this century while the political conflict would arise and that might lead to destruction. At the same time, people would learn more about the outer space and sea resources more than ever.

(This model answer has been prepared by the site developer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible answers.)

Model Answer 3:
There is no doubt that 21st century will bring extremely advanced and innovative changes, related to almost every field and it will help the human being to raise the standard of their lives. What kind of changes are expected, it will be discussed in following paragraphs.

To begin with, one must acknowledge that 21st century is a technologically advanced century. Inventors are doing extremely tremendous research work to make the new inventions come into existence, which will ultimately lead to a sophisticated life for the human.

Advancement in the things, which someone can use in their daily life, can be seen, for instance, gadgets and equipment, to make our work more reliable and accurate .Apart from this ,exploration in the space related programs is also possible ,which will ultimately help the human to protect the mankind as well as earth as such discoveries will be helpful to explore more about the universe and they may be able to predict about the upcoming danger or helps us to prevent them. Furthermore, in future, adequate medical facilities will be there as day by day new inventions related to medical field are coming into existence, remedies for diseases, which are incurable in the present scenario, might be possible in future.

To recapitulate it can be stated that in upcoming few years human will be blessed with adequate facilities, which definitely will make their lives quite easier, due to advanced technology.

(Written by Ranjeet Singh)

Model Answer 4:
Man, through the ages, has undergone many changes from the time when he depicted a herd of mammoths on the walls of his cave to these days when he can create beautiful pictures and even make coffee by use of computer technologies without leaving his favourite chair. The 20th century made huge steps in developing computer technologies and reached many goals that made our life much easier. What should we expect in the 21st century?

First of all, I think that the pace of our life will speed up: we will move faster from one place to another, from one continent to another using high-speed jet aeroplanes. Second of all, I believe that we will be able to do many things that take much time now without leaving our house. Computers will be everywhere including out clothes. Many people will have chips and mini computers inserted in their heads to hold a huge amount of information and have a quick access to it.

But what will be the most amazing thing in the 21st century is the flights to the outer space and Mars that will be available to all people. Scientists say that Mars has many things similar to the Earth's. Moreover, they say that with the help of modern technology people can artificially create conditions that will allow people to live there on the constant basis.

Apart from that, Computers would become more powerful and they will have superior artificial intelligence. We will have robots to do the hazardous works like mining and outer space research. Surprisingly, e-commerce would be in more convenient form and most of the people will purchase online rather than going to shops in person. In the field of education and jobs, dramatic changes would happen. Online learning and freelancing would be very popular and people would be able to earn almost all of their desired degree and diploma staying at home. Finally, the cure for many deadly diseases would be invented and yet new diseases may spread to cause some deadly catastrophic results.

To sum up, I am sure that many amazing changes will be brought by the 21st century. Furthermore, I think that with the help of the contemporary technologies people can do many things that were even difficult to imagine a century ago. So, nowadays it is rather difficult and even impossible to imagine all changes that will happen in the next decades.

(Written by  Trilok )

Model Answer 5:
Essay Topic:  
Present a written argument to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic:

The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring?

Use examples and details in your answer.

Answer 5:
The beginning of a new era, 21st century, brings the question to anyone's mind "whether it is the beginning of a great shift?" Well, in my opinion, the changes will definitely bring a revolution to the mankind.

As the world is progressing towards the new and sophisticated technologies and inventions, our lives are becoming easier and more relaxed. The mode of communication is faster and cheaper as compared to early times. In a fraction of a second, information can be transferred to the distant part of the world. All thanks go to the user-friendly applications, like the email feature, that are being invented for the welfare of mankind. In this new century, communication would be free of charge and more interactive.

Secondly, the technology in this century will improve the quality of health care facilities given to an individual beyond expectations. The health care professionals will be more qualified and adept. Due to the advancement of the research facilities, many deadly diseases will be eradicated. The quality of life would be significantly better and our lifespan would increase. Finally, space research in this century would unfurl some answers we have been seeking for a long. Maybe at the end of this century human would be ready to live on another planet.

But all these improvement and marvel would not come without the cost. There is no doubt that human would become somewhat slaves in the hand of technology. Their personal lives would be greatly affected by the over usage of technology. More powerful weapons and the threat of nuclear war would be a great concern for the world population in this century.

To conclude, this era would bring many marvellous discoveries to our life but at the same time, the perils of nuclear war would be a great anxiety for peace lovers all around the world.

(Written by  Abhishaik)


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.88 (16 Votes)

I love your writing Neema.
Dixit Prajapati
Very nice work, Nima.
Fortino Vazquez
The twenty-first century will be one of the best centuries of all the times in this world. Some people believed that electronic devices would not bring this world a new change about technology and they were wrong. However, most of the changes developed in the last century were for these devices. There are some changes which will be a reality in this century like communication by thinking, internet in many appliances and medical attention at any time and anywhere.

Although at this moment, there are a few pieces of research about how one person can communicate with others by thinking, there exist a few apps like Google that can do this with a PC and a diadem. This is a beginning of a great change and technology is not so far from this. Another change that I think will bring in this century is the internet set in many appliances in our own house. Although at this moment, the technology is not cheap to create this change, it will be well seen by people when they can control their home by an app on their phones, iPad or iClock. Finally, I think that medical attention will be available by a free app with the features at any time and anywhere. Although these days, some apps are available for other areas, they will be available for medical attention in a free way to do prescriptions.

In conclusion, despite some people are not so fond of technology, the twenty-first century would be defined as the century for the technological revolution. It will bring many novel inventions and discoveries to change human history forever and for good.

From many years ago human is developing their life, inventing new things and increasing their convenience constantly. Nobody in past thought that people would achieve too many sophisticated things that are available nowadays such as computers, cars, airplane and etc. In the 21th century, this process is very quicker than last decades and centuries and everything has changed from agriculture to medicine by technologies. From my everyday experience and observation, I think many wonderful inventions will be registered in future. I will try to explain some of them with description and examples.In the healthcare, diseases cure section and producing new medicines certainly technology has changed many things. Many medicine & drugs for treatment will be generated and these current items are going to be better and more efficient than now, such as cancer cure, measles, diarrhea, heart attack, eyes and lung diseases and etc.In transportation, cars will be driven in the air, their fuel will be generated from air and faster trains, buses and subways will be introduced so trips and voyages are more convenient and faster, ways is shorter and distance is fewer.Agriculture will very surely change, in smaller land farmer will be producing more food items and crops. Technology will come to aid human and will bring more efficiency to husbandry.For the last word, undoubtedly the 21st century will bring many modifications with itself and due to this rapid changes nobody surely knows what will happen in future. Maybe human will be in conflict with the robots and machines as many scientists warn us. Many changes will be done in addition to above examples and description and I have explained some of them. But we know a lot more great changes will occur in any aspect of science. Machines will be penetrating more than last century in human life.