IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 19 - A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your locality

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your locality.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community.

Do you support or oppose the factory establishment?

Explain your position.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1: (Oppose the factory establishment)
To meet the demand of increasing population large companies, factories, etc are growing faster than any other past time. New factory means new job opportunity. Again, a new factory means more pollutions and a new threat to the environment. In the whole, new factories bring good opportunities to a community but the risk it creates by increasing the environment pollution is too much. In my opinion, the benefits of having a factory near my community are out-weighted by the risks. That is why I strongly oppose the establishment of a new factory near my community.

It is true that a new factory offers many positive things to the people. For example, a new factory creates lots of job vacancies as well as many potential employment opportunities. It also creates small business opportunities surrounded the factory. The authority of the factory improves the transportation and communication systems of the area. It is often observed that a locality having a large factory or industry offers better economic freedom than an ordinary urban area.

But I believe, people of my locality are happy with their current economic condition. My community is a beautiful and calm area with almost ignorable pollution. My community would be harmed by a large factory. In particular, the factory will destroy the calm and neat environment as well as will increase the air, water and sound pollution. In the long run, the environment will be seriously hurt and people's health will be affected. Again the newly created factory will make the community crowded. To accommodate more workers more homes will be needed. I don't want to see too many cheaply constructed townhomes in my locality.

I heartily believe this growth will change my community too much. I was born here and most of my memories regarded of the area. I love my community very much. I feel that dangers of the factory are greater than the benefits. So I would strongly oppose the idea of establishing a factory near my community.

(Approximately 327 words)

(This model answer has been prepared by the site developer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible answers.)

Idea Generation for this IELTS Essay:

Essay Type: Advantages & Disadvantages + You opinion.

Main questions of this IELTS Essay:

A. What advantages your community will get from the establishment of the large factory.

B. What difficulties your community will face from the establishment of the large factory?

C. Do you support or oppose the factory establishment? Why?


Advantages: What advantages will your community get from the establishment of the large factory?

  • Local residents will be able to find more job opportunity in this factory and have a better social status.
  • Local retailers will pay less for transportation of goods due to having better access to this factory.
  • Because this factory needs the better quality of roads, transportation will be improved for local citizens.
  • Hiring more workers, the population of the region will increase far significantly, which will cause the local government to pay attention more to basic infrastructures, including transportation, education or healthcare.
  • Local people’s lifestyles will be improved remarkably. Having better businesses and a higher salary, the level of economic condition will be improved. They will have less stressful lifestyle due to being able to have more record of travelling annually.
  • The tourism industry will gradually develop because its products may attract more tourists.
  • To be employed in this corporation, more young have to become more educated, so the level of educated juveniles will increase notably.
  • Overall infrastructure of the area will be developed.
  • This establishment would attract more businesses in the area and it would finally boost the economic development.

Disadvantages: What problems and difficulties will your community face from the establishment of the large factory?

  • Air and water pollution caused by this factory will ruin the local environment and wildlife fundamentally.
  • People may suffer from more noise pollution, produced by gadgets, constructions or vehicles transporting products.
  • Local residents will pay for renting or purchasing of properties due to increasing the density of population.
  • The level of crime might increase because of raising the local population and visiting more foreigners.
  • Passing more vehicles carrying goods for the factory, traffic congestion will rise notably.
  • This factory will destroy the calm and neat environment we currently have.
  • The pollution would cause many diseases among the community people.
  • The land required for the establishment of the factory might be acquired by deforestation or seizing fertile farmland which would have serious long-run consequences in our community.

[These ideas should be helpful for you to generate your own ideas and writing an excellent essay on the given IELTS Essay topic should be easier for you. If you have new ideas that we might have missed, add them in the comment section and we will publish it.]


Alternative Answer 2: (Support the factory establishment)
People have argued about the plan of building a factory near the residential area. Some people think that it will bring many benefits for the local society, while others believe that it will have a negative effect on the environment. The following essay will discuss in details about the advantages and disadvantages of it.

On the one hand, it is true that building a new factory near the local residential area will bring a lot of benefits for many parties. Firstly, it will generate a lot of job opportunities for the local people. It is common that a factory will absorb many employments, and for efficiency, it will give priority in hiring the local people. Secondly, the plan will boost the economic development of its' surrounding area. Many investors will build mini market, gas station or restaurant as many of the factory's workers will seek these commercial places. As a result, it will positively affect the real estate business of the surrounding area as well.

On the other hand, it is undeniable that the plan could also bring negative effects to the society and to the environment. It is a fact that many factories are generating wastes and they could create harmful effects to the local environment. For example, the waste water from the factory might be directly flown into the local river and contaminated the surrounding environment. And then, the factory might also generate some smokes which might be a treat for the local people. These people might have some serious respiration problems due to inhaling the polluted air. Therefore there should be a clear regulation and strict monitoring over it in the future.

In conclusion, it is a fact that the plan of building a factory near a residential area will create some pros and cons. In my opinion, I do believe that the positive sides of the plan outweigh the negatives, as long as the plan follows the government regulation and it is clearly monitored by the authority.

(Written - by Darwin Lesmana)

Alternative Answer 3: (Oppose the factory establishment)
From the very beginning of the modern society concept human have structured the community in such a way where the commercial and industrial areas are separated from the residential area. Even after so many new concepts around residential buildings and modern cities, the basic concept of separating the industrial area from the residential area has remained strong among the city architects and its adoption has been worldwide. So, I would absolutely refute the idea of having a large factory near my community as it would have lots of negative effects. To support my opinion I would consider reasons like pollutions and disturbance to the calm ambience of the entire surrounding.

Factories manufacture and process different types of goods including electronics and chemical goods. While it generates employment and revenue, it also pollutes the environment. A large factory can be responsible for high noise pollution, water pollution and air pollution. Water pollution can contaminate the hydra resulting in health problems to the people of the society. Air pollution can annoy the residents who look forward to a serene society at the end of a tiring day. It will also adversely affect the children by exposing them to the polluted air thrown out by the factory. As a result, children will have to stop playing at the playgrounds in the society and their mental and physical growth would be hampered. Thus, pollution is the last thing the people of the society would prefer to deal with, in their day-to-day life.

My society is located at a very neat and calm location. Having a large factory near the society would result into disturbing the peaceful environment near our locality. The society offers a nice park alongside a small lake which is used by elderly, exercise enthusiasts and animals daily to freshen up and enjoy the natural bliss. With the advent of a factory in the area could lead to spoiling the ambience of the park and the locality. To add to the sufferings, factories would also increase the traffic in the locality. An increase in traffic means more time on commute resulting in more stress for an individual.

To conclude, I would say that large factories do have advantages like more employment and more revenue but it should not impact the residential areas. The factories should be built outside the residential zone thus not disturbing the people living nearby. Thus, I would recommend having the factories out of the city in the factory zone to realise its real unadulterated benefits.

(Approximately 400 words)
(This model answer was submitted by Deep Kagda)

Alternative Answer 4: (Neutral Notion)
Since the inception of civilisation, industrialisation has been a paramount requirement of growth around the world. In fact, every government has ratified certain sets of rules for establishing industries along with relevant departments to look after the policies' compliance. Like any other process industrialisation too has pros and cons, and subsequently, people have been debating over the appropriateness and formulating ways to curb its repercussions over denizens.

Firstly, institutionalising factories brings a lot of benefits for local communities. First of all, most industries require huge skilled workforce and thus, these crops up a lot of exciting and rewarding employment opportunities. This has profound positive effects on the upliftment of life standards of citizens as it accelerates the per capita income and the GDP. Apparently, successful industrialisation also spurs foreign investment. For example- the establishment of Tata Group in Jamshedpur, Jharkhand in 1909 helped the region to stride and today the region is one of the most developed regions in the country. Secondly, there are many other indirect benefits too. Any industry just does not create direct job opportunities for the people who work inside the company's premises; it also presents some jobs to people who are not qualified to work inside the company. For example, in any enterprise, we find many indirect housekeeping and canteen workers.

On the other hand, industrialisation has some minor and few potential issues too. First of all, many industries require a large piece of land and generally, it is acquired by deforestation or seizing fertile farmland. Also, companies' waste materials are generally hazardous and pollute the neighbouring environment. This leads to diseases, allergies and sometimes even epidemics. In most of the cases, the direct employees are under the highest threat. Also, the awry effects of local ecosystems cannot be ignored. Moreover, the life risk of industrial accidents over local lives cannot be disregarded. For example, today, every country is reeling under the side effects of Global Warming, a phenomenon whose onset is contributed to the discharge industrialisation waste into natural resources like water, air etc., which defines the rising temperature around the world and causing climate changes. Apparently, the proper treatment of industrial waste is a worldwide challenge.

In my opinion, industrialisation is necessary for growth, but it must be regulated. The proper measures must be in place to reduce the negative impacts of byproducts on the environment. This can be ensured by enacting strict laws to mandate the proper treatment of hazardous wastes before their discharge. On the other hand, to tackle problems like deforestation, companies must plant a certain number of trees depending upon the intensity of deforestation.

(Answer Submitted by Rahul Rashu)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.25 (22 Votes)

You can use "I", but should avoid using "You", if you this is what you wanted to know.
Ravinder Dhiman
I want to know 'can I use personal nouns in writing task 2'?
Answer No. 04 is full of coherent ideas and lexical resource, but the writer has failed to address the premise of the topic; Industrialisati on near your community... He wrote beautifully about industrialisati on in general, but this is not what the question has asked.
Changes are the demand of time and constructions of new offices, factories and super malls are not uncommon in our country. Since changes are unavoidable and it is a fact that our city will ultimately become a metropolitan city with large buildings and factories, I see no reason to oppose the establishment of a large factory in our area. The establishment of this new factory will have both negative and positive effects that I will discuss in the following paragraphs. Regarding the advantages of building a big factory in our locality, I would say job creation would be the most important aspect of it. A big factory would invite people from different backgrounds to work there and this would have a good influence in our community as so many of our local people are unemployed now. The second most important aspect is the overall development this factory will create. For instance, the roads and transportation system would be developed, local people would start new small and medium shops, and thus the economic condition of the area would enhance. On the contrary, the overcrowd, pollution and noise this large factory would create should not be ignored. A large factory means a large amount of toxic element would be created each day and they would pollute the air and water in our locality. New people would come to live here and the serenity of our area would be hampered to a great extent. Thus the establishment of the large factory in our area is a double-edged sword. But considering the importance of the economic development and employment of the area I live in, I would support this.