IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 1018 - What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. Why do you think this is happening? What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.


Model Essay 1:
In the midst of globalisation and industrialisation, the amount of waste being exhaled, detrimental to our planet earth, is appalling. Reasons are aplenty, as to why this is a frequent occurrence and the imperative role of government worldwide over in countering this, is a moot one. Let us discourse on the same below.

There are many reasons behind the increase in the production of rubbish throughout the world. Firstly, the ever increase of population of the humankind has contributed to a mammoth share of the trash. The number of people has always been directly proportional to the volume of waste being produced from the time immemorial. Secondly, the industrial revolution, that shook the world a decade ago, is considered the sole culprit in the production of industrious waste onto earth’s surface. Again the number of industries and factories contributing to this menace is on a steep climb, since its inception.

Thirdly, the population rise has led to more transport system around the world, owing to an increase in the waste produced from the vehicles and other means of transport. To cite an example from the part of the world I live, the discarded parts of cars, such as a blotted tire, is ubiquitous, compared to the past. Finally, the sheer negligence from us, with regards to the recycling of waste products has led to adding more chaos to the present scenario. No care, what so ever, was taken in the production of biodegradable products, so as to mitigate the amount of trash produced!

The role of government in combating the issue is inevitable. They should be imposing restrictions on the above-discoursed factors, favouring waste segregation. Population check, of governments on their respective states, should be made mandatory. The industries and factories should be restricted and monitored for the effective recycling or biodegradation of their waste produced. The amenities used by mankind, such as transport should be made more efficient and effective in terms of discarded residual waste. Building eco-friendly homes should be encouraged.  More emphasis should be made on the recycling of all the industrial trash being produced o an emergency basis. The government should focus more on the fact that these are either biodegradable or can be recycled effectively.

From the above discourse, someone's role as civilians of earth and that of government is quite interdependent and significant, when comes to reducing the amount of waste being produced.  Punitive measures from the government are the needs of the hour, to tackle this issue, so as to ensure rather envisage, a cleaner and habitable planet earth.

[ Written by -  Vineeth V. ]


Sample Essay 2:
Rubbish simply refers to waste production, which is a severe issue for the whole world due to recent environmental degradations, pollution and global warming. The reason behind the increasing garbage production and some measures to improve the overall situation will be discussed in this essay.

There are a couple of reasons, in my mind, behind the increase in waste production in recent years. First, the uncontrollable use of non-decomposable carriers (eg. plastics and polythene) is one of the top-most causes of excessive waste production. Plastics is a bigger concern and it is being preferred more than ever for packaging or bottling certain products, especially in the food and beverage industries. Besides, the incognizance of citizen is playing its part undoubtedly. We are being used to a throwaway culture rather than using recycling products. This is leading to the preferences of companies to produce one-time products which are eventually increasing more and more waste production.

To reduce waste production and to save the environment, governments in all countries have to play a bigger role than they are actually playing. The government should legislate strict laws to enforce companies to use decomposable packaging materials. Assistance from the judicial system can be a good move. For example, the mobile courts led by licensed magistrates can fine those whoever does not comply with the law. The government should also encourage people and manufacturers to take part in recycling and reusing products whenever applicable. Restaurants and fast-food shops should offer a discount on food and drink items when customers return the packaging bottles or packets that were made of plastics. Such kinds of initiatives should be appreciated by authority.

In conclusion, the government, as well as the manufacturers, need to be more focused on the consequence of massive waste production, therefore stepping forward to apply possible measures can reduce the growing concern.

[Written by Mahmud]

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