IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 1118 - People decide to have children later in their life

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays, more and more people decide to have children later in their life. What do you think are the reasons for this? Do advantages of this trend outweigh disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer 1: (Advantages outweigh the disadvantages)
These days a large number of couples decide to have babies after spending at least few years since their marriage. According to some experts, there are various reasons which urge parents to have children later in their life. Career, changes in social belief, women empowerment, escalating living expenses, increased life expectancy are some of the major causes of this trend. In my belief advantages of having children later in life outweigh its demerits.

First, a growing number of parents are very passionate and enthusiastic in terms of career development and their profession is the primary reason they do not expect to have children in the early stage of their marriage. It is intuitively obvious that in this age of huge competition, unemployment and economic crisis, people around the world are constantly worried about their career and job promotions. As a result, parents decide and determine to postpone their first childbirth. Second, women empowerment has changed the old way of life where a woman's sole responsibility was to look after the children. Since many wives are working these days, they decide to take babies after they reach a stable job position.

Furthermore, social belief regarding giving birth of children has changed dramatically and people are more concerned about the living expenses than the number of babies they have, unlike older generations. Additionally, parents who study full-time in universities can not concentrate on their studies competently if they become parents. Enhanced life expectancy and changes in the social belief are two other reasons for this trend.

Undeniably people who either work or run a business can reach to a stable position before becoming parents. Thus they can take better care of their babies which would have been impossible if the baby was born earlier. It is often a fact that having offspring early in life can escalate expenditures and financial responsibilities of parents. In particular, if the parents cannot allocate time for them, they grow up with psychological issues. Such young parents often lack the knowledge and time they need to properly take care the baby. Ultimately, parents might put their career at a risk as well as the future of their children if they become parents before they are mentally and economically stable.

Reversely, having offspring in early life have few advantages. Such parents have new members in their family and their isolation would be extirpated and they will become more family-oriented.  

In conclusion, despite the pleasure of having a new baby in early years of marriage, parents who decide to have babies later can primarily, readily and precisely focus on their career, can easily fulfill financial requirements and have sufficient time to persist, strive and struggle in order to have a stunning, and illuminated future in life.

[Written by - Faisal ]


Model Answer 2: (Drawbacks outweigh the advantages)
With a paradigm shift in social belief and people's fascination about having an enviable career, they tend to become parents at a later stage than the past. There are some prominent reasons for this and I personally believe that it has more negative consequences.

To begin with, the average year when people get married has increased than that of our ancestors. As a result, childbirth is naturally delayed. According to a recent survey, many young people who start their career after their graduation are more focused on their jobs than having their own family. Besides, a many young people are undecided whether to marry or not. Eventually, when they get married, they are already in their mid-thirties and they take some time to settle and have some financial stability before having their first child. Furthermore, the old belief that a girl should be prepared to manage a family and have children earlier has changed and more wives work in offices than ever. The decline of the joint family has also contributed to this trend as couples solely take the decision of having a baby, unlike the past.

If we notice the detrimental impacts of this trend has, we would surely try to reverse it. The most cynical outcome of this trend is the number of couples struggling to become parents. It is scientifically proved that infertility rate among couples is higher who try to become pregnant after mid-thirties. Some of the couples eventually break up their marriages due to this and it brings unfathomable social problems. Furthermore, having a child in the early years of marriage make the couple more family-oriented and this eventually help them have a better future.

To conclude, late marriage, nuclear family structure, and more focus on jobs are the main reasons people become parents at a later stage and this has undeniably more adverse results that the positive sides.

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Darwin Lesmana
People who decide to have children later in life is increasing rapidly these days. There are various reasons why they do it and the following essay will discuss some benefits and drawbacks of it. I personally think that the trend has more advantages than drawbacks. For a number of reasons, a large number of people decide to have children in the later stage of their life nowadays. Firstly, many people realize that upbringing children is not an easy task these days and they want to settle before becoming parents. Secondly, many people prioritise studying and obtaining a degree from a reputable university rather than getting married at an early stage. Lastly, more people realize that the cost of raising a child is skyrocketing and taking care of their children requires a good deal of their time. Therefore they prefer to have children when they are ready and financially stable. One of the positive sides of having children in the later stage is that both parents get matured and know more about parenting. They are more prepared in terms of physical and mental health and therefore they are expected to be wiser in raising their children. Another positive point is that they are settled in terms of career and money, therefore they could provide better facilities for their children. However, the negative sides of having children in the later stage is the health issue. Based on some research, it is found out that the success rate of normal delivery among young women is higher than the aged women. Finally, having a baby at a later stage does not ensure better parenting in all cases. In conclusion, it is true that more people prefer to have children later in life because they chose to focus on their education and career first. Having children in the later stage has a greater health risk, and I personally believe that it is better to have babies in late twenties or in early thirties.