IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1153 - The growing number of refugees

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

One of the major problems facing the world today is the growing number of refugees. The developed nations in the world should tackle this problem by taking more refugees. 

To what extent do you agree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1: [Agreement]

The issue of increasing numbers of refugees is one of the biggest challenges of the modern era. The world is now experiencing the largest refugee crisis since World War II, with millions of people being forced to flee their homes due to wars, conflicts, and persecution. Some suggest that developed nations should take more refugees to address this problem. I agree with this opinion, and in this essay, I will argue that developed nations should take more refugees to tackle this problem.

Firstly, taking more refugees will help to address the humanitarian crisis that many of them face. Refugees often flee their homes because of persecution or conflict and face immense difficulties in resettling in a new country. By taking more refugees, developed nations can provide them with a safe haven, access to basic services, and a chance to rebuild their lives. This not only helps the refugees but also supports global stability and security, as it reduces the likelihood of further conflict and displacement.

Secondly, taking more refugees can also benefit the host countries. Many developed countries, especially those with low birth rates, need a workforce to support their ageing populations. Refugees can fill skill gaps in sectors such as healthcare, construction, and IT, and contribute to the local economy. Additionally, they can bring new ideas, skills, and cultures, which can enrich the host society and promote diversity.

However, there are also valid arguments against taking more refugees. Some people argue that such a step can lead to economic burdens, security risks, and social tension. However, these concerns can be addressed through effective screening processes, integration programs, and community engagement.

In conclusion, while taking more refugees may present some challenges, it is ultimately a humane and pragmatic response to the growing refugee crisis. Developed nations have a responsibility to support those in need and contribute to global stability and prosperity. Therefore, it is important for them to take more refugees and to work towards a sustainable solution to this global challenge.

Sample Answer 2: [Disagreement]

The recent political unrest, war and the rise of a few terrorist groups have made many people become refugees, and this is a global problem. As an immediate solution, many express their view that rich countries should allow more evacuees to enter their borders to reduce the severity of this crisis. However, accepting a higher number of migrants by rich countries is not a viable solution to this refugee crisis, in my opinion.

To begin with, worldwide refugees and their constant sufferings are often reported on TV. It might seem that industrialised countries can easily solve this emergency and miseries by allowing more refugees to enter their countries. In reality, this is certainly not an easy solution. If we only look at the few recent catastrophic events that the migrant refugees have caused, it would become clear why the governments in developed countries are unwavering to accept more people to their countries. Besides, historically, it is evident that only granting more refugees to other countries does not solve the problem, in some cases, it deteriorates it.

It is true that, due to humanitarian reasons, some developed countries should help destitute and needy people. This is partly a moral issue and partly because it is in the self-economic interest of the industrialised countries. Considering this, a practical way of reducing the severity of this crisis would be to accept more refugees, particularly when it is caused by a natural disaster and civil war.

But, from a more practical point of view, mass immigration would bring more negative effects. Solving the root cause of the outbreaks of refugees is a far better way than allowing them freely migrate to developed countries. On a practical level, homeless refugees are sometimes better off receiving aid in their homeland than suffering racism and begging on the streets in a country where they cannot speak the language.

To conclude, rich countries should take refugees but only in severe cases and should focus on solving the primary reason behind the refugee issue. Sometimes funds and aids for refugees in their local area are far more beneficial than accepting them as migrants and finally forcing them to beg on the street.

[Written by - Katerina]

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.88 (16 Votes)

Dayal Ghosh
It is a well-written essay.
Gülsen Kilinç
Nowadays more and more people have been forced to move from their country because of a lot of problems. This global problem can only be solved by developed countries by opening their doors to the refugees. I will support this view with arguments and my reasons will be explained in the following paragraphs.

It is crystal clear that people from all over the world have been struggling with so many problems from starvation, economic problems, wars, ethnic conflicts, political issues, global crises and so on. In many such countries, including middle eastern countries and Ukraine, children, men, women and older people are victims of brutal wars. Therefore these vulnerable people have to go to another country where they can live safely. Though it is true that refugees are a huge problem in many countries, this problem needs to be solved. The developed countries have considerable responsibility for solving problems. In my opinion, economically developed countries should open their borders and split more shares economically to shelters, nutrition, clothing for refugees.

Some people believe that refugees can deteriorate their cultural forms and can not adopt the host country's rules and responsibilitie s. To cope with these compliance problems, rich nations need to employ more social workers and arrange programmes of adapting for newcomers. Especially for language problems, second language courses should be organized from kids to elders.

It should not be forgotten that moving to different countries from the mother country is not a decision made by refugees, in fact, they are forced to do so. Developed countries and their inhabitants must behave in empathy.