IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1207 - Encourage people to protect the environment

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

People generally know that the environment is important. However, most individuals still do not take responsibility to protect the environment.

Why is this?
What should be done to encourage people to protect the environment?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words. 

Model Answer 1: [Band 8 Sample Essay]
Ever since we realised our power to harness nature, we have started utilising it to make our life comfortable and more convenient. However, we then began to over-utilise this authority and damage nature to an extent that is catastrophic. Global warming and environmental pollution are threatening our very existence on this planet, but we are neglecting our obligations to protect the environment. This is primarily because we fail to realise the real consequences of it and believe that it can be dealt with in the future. Hopefully, we still can deal with it with proper measures.

The first reason for this is our incompetency to understand the dire consequences of climate change. Despite frequent headlines on TV and in newspapers all over the world, for instance, we are still oblivious to the fate of the world. We work hard to save some money to build a house or have a car in the future, but we cannot fathom how many parts of the world would become unlivable due to global warming and environmental pollution.

Another reason we are indifferent towards environmental degradation is our false confidence that it could be dealt with in the future. As a result, we are more concerned about solving more immediate problems such as housing shortages or traffic congestion than preventing the disaster that is only predicted to happen in the future. For instance, many individuals still believe that the rate of environmental degradation and global warming is not as severe as they are reported in the media, and technology that we will develop in the future would control it easily.

These beliefs and attitudes are obviously mistaken and we need to act now to control the damage. The youngsters must be taught their obligations to preserve nature in schools and encouraged to plant more trees. Besides, the government should adopt strict laws that would prohibit citizens from using disposable goods that are harmful to the environment. Finally, the government can encourage people to make the environment greener by offering tax incentives and other benefits.

To conclude, if we do not want to make our mother planet an unhabitable and barren place, we need to concede the real danger of climate change and act prudently to save it for us and our future generations.


Model Answer 2:
The importance of protecting the environment has been recognized globally, and many countries have implemented measures to minimize the negative impact on the environment. However, despite this awareness, most people do not take responsibility for environmental protection. This essay will explore some of the reasons for this and suggest some practical measures to encourage people to protect the environment.

One of the main reasons people do not take responsibility for protecting the environment is ignorance. Many individuals lack sufficient knowledge of environmental issues, and therefore, do not understand how their actions can harm the environment. For instance, people may not realize that disposing of plastic improperly can lead to environmental pollution. Education and awareness campaigns can be effective ways to address this issue.

Another reason is that people are not willing to change their lifestyles. Many individuals prioritize their convenience and comfort over the environment, which leads to excessive consumption and wastefulness. The convenience of using personal cars instead of public transport, for instance, leads to increased emissions and pollution. Governments can incentivize people to adopt environmentally friendly habits through policies such as carbon taxes or subsidies for green products to tackle this issue.

Finally, individuals may not take responsibility for environmental protection because they feel that their actions cannot make a significant difference. They may also believe that corporations and governments should take responsibility for environmental protection. In response, governments and corporations can encourage individuals by offering them opportunities to participate in environmental protection initiatives such as community-based cleanup activities.

In conclusion, individuals play a critical role in environmental protection, but their lack of knowledge, unwillingness to change their lifestyle, and perceived lack of impact can hinder their participation. Governments, corporations, and communities must collaborate to encourage people to protect the environment through education and awareness campaigns, incentives for green products, and opportunities for individual participation.

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