IELTS Essay 1238 - Plastic bags, bottles and packaging are bad for the environment

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Plastic bags, plastic bottles and plastic packaging are bad for the environment.

What damage does plastic do to the environment?
What can be done by governments and individuals to solve this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words. 



Model Answer: [Band 8 sample answer] 

It is irrefutable that plastic harms the environment to a great extent. Plastic pollutes lands and water, degrades the fertility of the soil, and harms animals disrupting the entire ecosystem. Recycling plastic and limiting its use while also introducing biodegradable alternatives to plastics are by far the most effective solutions to this problem.

The environmental damages caused by plastic are severe and often extreme. Plastic bags, bottles, packages, toys and many other materials made of plastic remain in land and water for hundreds of years as they are not biodegradable. Plastic materials, that get mixed with soil, impair the breathability of soil and hamper the water flow in it. Thus it hurts the fertility of the land. Moreover, plastic that reaches the water bodies harms aquatic animals and coral reefs. Plastic pollution plays a considerable part in animal deaths. Today, plastic particles could be found in fishes, birds and other animals, and it disrupts the entire ecosystem.

However, the authorities concerned and mass people can turn the tide and mend the damage done to the environment to a great extent. For that, they have to ensure that they both play their part efficiently. First, people have to spontaneously take part in the plastic recycling process by putting plastic waste in a separate recycle bin. The authority has to make sure that all recyclable plastics are properly recycled and reused. To limit the use of plastic bags, people need to use bags made of biodegradable materials like jute fibre. They can start carrying their own glass-made bottle instead of buying plastic water bottles. Reduction in consumption of plastic-made materials could contribute to a large extent in limiting the harms caused by plastic. Finally, the government can limit the use of plastic bags and bottles by imposing a hefty tax on such items.

In conclusion, plastic is severely detrimental to the environment and ecosystem. So for our own benefit, we all need to use as less plastic as possible while also recycling the used plastic.

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These essays are very useful.
Kamaljeet Kaur
IELTS Writing Task 2 (Essay Topic)

Write about the following topic:

Plastic bags, plastic bottles and plastic packaging are bad for the environment.

What damage does plastic do to the environment?
What can be done by governments and individuals to solve this problem?

Sample Essay:
Undeniably, plastic is one of the most dangerous objects for the environment as it is nonbiodegradabl e. Plastic bags, bottles, and packaging are a bane for our surroundings, all living beings, and especially aquatic animals. In this essay, I will explain the detrimental effects plastic has on the environment, and the steps that can be taken by the government and people to mitigate the issue.

The deleterious impacts plastics can have on our environment, and flora and fauna are uncountable. First of all, due to being nonbiodegradabl e, it is being piled up in landfills. Once the landfill is overflowing, the cities have to burn or transport the garbage from one place to other, thus polluting the environment and causing an extra burden on the economy and authority. In addition, many marine animals are found dead, either due to plastic bags in their stomach or plastic bottles being stuck on their mouth. It disrupts the ecosystem.

In order to save the environment, the government has to take concrete steps. Firstly, as a recyclable alternative to plastic bags has already been introduced, it will be wise to ban plastic bags. Secondly, the sale of plastic bottles should be restricted, and the use of reusable utensils should be promoted as much as possible.

However, the government policies without the support of the people may not help much. Hence individuals should consciously make efforts to choose recyclable packaging. If the use of plastic bottles can not be fully stopped, everyone should at least ensure to throw them in designated bins. We can save many aquatic animals with this simple approach.

All in all, even though plastic packaging, bottles, and bags have numerous negative impacts on the environment, with some extra efforts from people and the ruling authorities, the earth can be saved from this evil.