IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1242 - Rapid increase in population these days is unsustainable

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people believe that the rapid increase in population these days is unsustainable and will eventually lead to a global crisis. Others believe that the world population increase is necessary and beneficial as it creates the growth of the world’s economy and society.

Discuss both these views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words. 

Model Answer 1: [Opinion: Rapid population growth is a major crisis and it needs immediate attention.]

The global population is rapidly increasing at an unprecedented rate. Some people argue that this exponential growth is vital for the development of the world's economy and society, while others believe that it is unsustainable and will eventually lead to a catastrophic global crisis. In my opinion, the rapid population growth is a major concern that needs immediate attention.

Proponents of the increasing global population say that some countries require an increased workforce to reach their economic potential. Many of these countries are already developed, and they satisfy these needs through immigration and exporting goods. Moreover, increasing demand for goods and services may not necessarily result in economic growth. In fact, it may lead to the depletion of resources, and environmental degradation and ultimately, negatively affect the quality of life for everyone.

On the other hand, opponents of the growing global population argue that less developed and developing countries are experiencing significant growth in their population. These countries often struggle to provide basic necessities such as food, water, and healthcare to their inhabitants. With the population continuing to grow, these challenges will only become more acute, and it is likely that they will have to rely on other countries for support, placing a strain on resources and economies.

Therefore, it is crucial that world leaders prioritize sustainable population growth to ensure a healthy balance between population growth and available resources. This may include developing policies that promote access to education and family planning, which can help reduce birth rates. The governments can also promote more efficient use of resources, and the adoption of cleaner technologies to prevent environmental degradation.

In conclusion, while some countries may benefit from population growth, it is clear that the global population increase is unsustainable and poses a significant threat to the planet. Policymakers need to take a comprehensive approach to mitigate the negative impact of population growth while promoting sustainable economic growth and improving the standard of living for all.

Model Answer 2: [Opinion: population growth could be beneficial if we can ensure sustainable population management and responsible consumption of resources.]

The global population is growing at an unprecedented rate, and people have contrasting views about its impact on society and the economy. While some believe that a rapidly growing global population is beneficial for economic and social development, others argue that such growth is unsustainable and could lead to catastrophic consequences. In my opinion, population growth could be beneficial if we can ensure sustainable population management and responsible consumption of resources.

Opponents of a growing global population point out that it puts a significant strain on natural resources and the environment. The demand for food, water, and energy increases with more people, leading to overconsumption of natural resources, environmental degradation, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity. This poses a significant challenge to future generations and can lead to social and economic instability. Additionally, a rapidly growing population can put immense pressure on public services such as healthcare, education, and transportation.

On the contrary, one of the arguments put forward by proponents of a growing global population is that it can lead to a larger workforce, which can drive economic growth. With an increase in population, the demand for goods and services also rises, leading to new job opportunities and higher standards of living. Take China for an example whose economic and social transformation was large possible for its growing population.

In my opinion, it is palpable that population growth can be beneficial for the future, and it is crucial to have a growing population for the economic, social and related other developments in the future. However, we must understand that sustainable population management and responsible consumption of natural resources are necessary to ensure a healthy and prosperous future.

To conclude, there are many potential benefits to a growing global population, but we must consider how to preserve natural resources and keep the environment green. For that, it is necessary to adopt a sustainable approach to population management to avoid a disastrous future.

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