IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1269 - New homes are needed but the only space available is in the countryside

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In many places, new homes are needed, but the only space available for building them is in the countryside. Some people believe it is more important to protect the countryside and not build new homes there.

What is your opinion about this?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:

In many regions, the need for new homes is evident, but the available space for construction is predominantly located in the countryside. While some individuals may argue that building new homes in rural areas is essential for meeting the growing housing demands, I firmly believe that it is of utmost importance to preserve the countryside and refrain from encroaching upon its natural beauty and ecological integrity.

First and foremost, the countryside serves as a vital haven for biodiversity and ecosystems. It harbours diverse plant and animal species, many of which may be endangered or on the brink of extinction. Constructing new homes in these areas would lead to habitat destruction, fragmentation, and disturbance, jeopardizing the delicate balance of these ecosystems. Preserving the countryside not only ensures the survival of countless species but also supports ecosystem services such as water purification, pollination, and carbon sequestration. For example, the fragmentation caused by urban development would disrupt migration patterns and limit the gene flow between populations, further endangering the delicate biodiversity of the area.

Moreover, the countryside holds immense cultural and historical significance. It is often intertwined with the local heritage, traditions, and folklore of a region. The landscapes, historic sites, and traditional architecture found in rural areas contribute to the cultural identity of communities. By protecting the countryside, we preserve a tangible connection to our past and provide future generations with an opportunity to appreciate and learn from their cultural heritage. For instance, the rolling hills and ancient stone walls of the countryside in England are not only visually stunning but also symbolise the country's rich agricultural history and rural traditions. Preserving these landscapes allows visitors and locals alike to experience the charm and character of the region while gaining a deeper understanding of its cultural heritage.

In conclusion, while the need for new homes is undeniable, I firmly believe that preserving the countryside should take precedence over construction in these areas. The countryside plays a crucial role in maintaining biodiversity, preserving cultural heritage, and offering recreational opportunities. It is our responsibility to protect these precious landscapes and ensure that future generations can enjoy and benefit from their inherent value.

Sample Answer 2:

The issue of building new homes in the countryside, which is often the only space left for building more houses, is contentious. There is indeed a pressing need for new housing in many areas, but the preservation of rural landscapes is also important. In my opinion, it is essential to leave the countryside intact.

To begin with, the countryside is not just a picturesque backdrop; it serves vital ecological and agricultural functions. The destruction of natural habitats and farmland can have far-reaching consequences for local ecosystems and food production. For instance, agricultural expansion is a major driver of deforestation and other ecological destruction, decimating habitats and biodiversity. One example is the displacement of lowland forests in Indonesia due to oil palm cultivation, and the damage caused to the Cerrado and Atlantic Forests of Brazil and Paraguay through soy production. These unsustainable farming practices and the loss of forests result in severe erosion.

Moreover, the rural landscape is an integral part of our cultural heritage and identity. It is therefore crucial that any development in these areas is undertaken with great care and sensitivity. In Italy, rural landscapes hold great significance as a part of the country's cultural heritage. As a result, the authorities have implemented measures to safeguard and promote these landscapes as valuable resources. The approach involves preserving physical locations, sharing knowledge, sustainable management, effective communication, and the transmission of associated heritage values. Unfortunately, constructing additional buildings to support the growing population would make these initiatives unfeasible.

In conclusion, while there is a clear need for new homes in many areas to support the growing population, it is essential that we do not sacrifice the countryside in the process.

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