IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1275 - In spite of advances in agriculture many people still go hungry

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry.

Why is this the case?
What can be done about this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1:

We have achieved significant advancements in agriculture and food production, yet a large proportion of the global population suffers from food insecurity. The causes of this pervasive issue are multifaceted and complex, with a range of social, economic, and political factors contributing to the problem. In this essay, I will shed some light on the causes of this issue while also suggesting some effective solutions.

One key factor is the growing global population, which is expected to exceed 10 billion by 2056. This growth puts significant pressure on agricultural production to meet the growing demand for food. However, the increase in population also results in a strain on natural resources, such as water and arable land, which are essential for food production.

Furthermore, climate change exacerbates the issue of food insecurity. Extreme weather conditions such as droughts, floods, and heat waves can adversely affect crop yields, leading to food shortages and price spikes. The effects of climate change on food production and distribution are predicted to worsen in the coming years, particularly in vulnerable regions such as sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

In addition to these environmental factors, poverty is a significant contributor to global hunger. Millions of people around the world live in extreme poverty, and they lack access to basic necessities such as food, water, and shelter. Political instability and conflict further compound the issue, as they disrupt food production and distribution systems, leading to food shortages and price spikes.

To address this complex issue, it is essential to take a comprehensive approach that addresses both the immediate and long-term causes of food insecurity. This may include policies and programs that support sustainable agriculture practices, increased access to education and healthcare, and the promotion of economic growth and development. Governments and international organizations must also work to address the root causes of conflict and political instability, which often exacerbate food insecurity.

In conclusion, the issue of global hunger is a complex and multifaceted problem that requires a comprehensive and sustained effort to address. While significant progress has been made in recent years, much work remains to be done to ensure that every person has access to the basic human right of food security.


Sample Answer 2:

Despite the progress made in agriculture, there are still millions of people worldwide who suffer from hunger. This is a complex issue that this essay will deal with. In it, I will suggest multiple causes of this problem and suggest possible solutions.

One reason for this problem is the unequal distribution of food. While some countries produce more than enough food to feed their population, others face difficulties in meeting the basic needs of their people. Additionally, food waste is a major issue in developed countries, with large amounts of food discarded each year, while many people in developing countries struggle to find enough food to survive.

Another factor is poverty. Many people cannot afford to buy enough food to meet their needs, and this is often compounded by political instability and conflict, which disrupt food production and distribution. Conflict and political instability further worsen this situation in many parts of the world. For example, in countries like Yemen and South Sudan, ongoing conflicts have devastated agriculture and food systems, leaving millions of people without access to basic necessities. The lack of political stability and economic opportunities exacerbates the issue, making it even harder for people to escape the cycle of poverty and hunger. As a result, these populations rely heavily on foreign aid to survive.

To address this issue, there are several actions that can be taken. First, governments should prioritize policies and programmes that aim to reduce corruption and poverty, as well as increase access to food, especially in vulnerable populations and take measures to stop political unrest. Second, efforts should be made to reduce food waste and redirect excess food to those in need. Finally, investing in sustainable agriculture can help increase food production and ensure long-term food security.

In conclusion, despite the advancements in agriculture, hunger remains a pressing global issue. Addressing this problem requires a concerted effort from governments, organizations, and individuals to ensure that everyone has access to sufficient and nutritious food.

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