IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1522 - Emphasis on sustainable living and reducing environmental impact

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In many societies, there is a growing emphasis on sustainable living and reducing environmental impact.

What are the challenges of adopting a sustainable lifestyle?
What practical actions can individuals take to contribute to sustainability?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:
Many communities are increasingly putting emphasis on sustainable ways of living and minimizing carbon footprints. This essay will first discuss how the initial cost of adoption and consumer culture are the main challenges of embracing a net-zero lifestyle and then outline how the mantra of reduce, reuse and recycle, and responsible consumption patterns contribute to adopting a sustainable lifestyle.

One of the real challenges people face in their pursuit of a green lifestyle is the high primary cost of adoption. That is to say that sustainable technologies and appliances are more expensive than their traditional counterparts. This cost barrier dissuades individuals from embracing an environmentally-friendly lifestyle. Installing clean energy systems, such as solar panels or geothermal heating systems, for example, often requires substantial upfront costs, making it difficult for individuals to make sustainable choices. Moreover, consumerism is another major barrier. Deeply ingrained consumer habits place great emphasis on the pursuit of material possessions as a means of fulfilment, presenting a huge challenge to the shift towards a green lifestyle.

However, people can adopt a sustainable lifestyle by embracing the mantra of reduce, reuse, and recycle. In simple words, individuals ought to cut down on unnecessary consumption, opt for durable products, repair gadgets instead of buying new ones, and use recycled items. For instance, we can buy products made with recycled paper or plastic, like bin liners, kitchen paper or toilet tissue as well as contribute to the recycling process whenever possible. Individuals can also make attempts to achieve energy efficiency. They should use energy-efficient electrical appliances, turn off lights when not in use, and unplug appliances in order to conserve energy, therefore reducing carbon emissions.

To conclude, the primary cost of shifting to a sustainable lifestyle and consumer culture are the main barriers to adopting an eco-friendly lifestyle. However, individuals can contribute to sustainability by embracing the mantra of reduce, reuse and recycle, and responsible consumption habits.


Model Answer 2:
In numerous societies today, the focus on sustainable living and decreasing environmental impact is gaining momentum. However, adopting a sustainable lifestyle poses significant challenges. This essay will discuss these challenges and propose practical actions individuals can take to contribute to sustainability.

One of the primary challenges in adopting a sustainable lifestyle is the ingrained habits and convenience of modern living. For instance, the reliance on single-use plastics, fast fashion, and fossil fuels is deeply embedded in daily routines, making it difficult for individuals to transition to more sustainable alternatives. The lack of infrastructure and support for sustainable practices, such as recycling facilities and public transportation, further complicates efforts to live sustainably. Additionally, the initial cost of sustainable products, such as organic foods, energy-efficient appliances, and electric vehicles, can be prohibitive for many people.

Despite these challenges, there are several practical actions individuals can take to promote sustainability. Firstly, reducing waste is a crucial step. Individuals can practice the three Rs: reduce, reuse, and recycle. For example, opting for reusable shopping bags, water bottles, and containers can significantly cut down on plastic waste. Secondly, conserving energy is essential. Simple actions like switching to LED bulbs, unplugging devices when not in use, and utilising energy-efficient appliances can reduce energy consumption. 

Furthermore, individuals can adopt more sustainable transportation methods. Walking, cycling, carpooling, and using public transport can reduce carbon emissions. For those who drive, maintaining vehicles to ensure optimal fuel efficiency and considering the transition to electric or hybrid cars can also make a substantial difference.

In conclusion, while adopting a sustainable lifestyle presents challenges such as changing ingrained habits, high costs, and inadequate infrastructure, practical actions like reducing waste and conserving energy can significantly contribute to sustainability. By making conscious choices and advocating for systemic changes, individuals can play a pivotal role in fostering a more sustainable future.

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