IELTS Cue Card Sample 190 - Describe an important event in global history

IELTS Speaking Part 2: IELTS Cue Card/ Candidate Task Card.

Describe an important event in global history.

You should say:

  • when it happened
  • what the event was
  • what effect you think this event had

 and explain why it is an important event in history.


Model Answer 1:
Realistically speaking, each and every event, be it small or big, affects the course of history in some subtle manners, and that’s probably why most of them go unnoticed. But, then, there are some events, we consider important, which are noticed by the entire world because of their sweeping effects on global history as well as our life. Today, I would like to discuss one such important event that completely changed our world.

The important event, I am talking about, is the “fall of Berlin wall”. Even though, it happened a long time ago, when I still was a young boy, in 1989, I can still remember the day vividly because I was actually watching the event live on our television. By the way, the Berlin wall was erected in 1961 by the then communist government of East Germany in order to stop the fleeing of its citizens to West Germany. This Berlin wall divided families who found themselves unable to visit each other. Many East Berliners were cut off from their jobs while the West Berliners kept demonstrating against the wall. This wall didn’t just divide the Berliners physically but also ideologically since the countries, divided by the wall, represented completely two different types of government systems. Even though nobody was really expecting such an unexpected and dramatic fall of the Berlin Wall, it had very significant effects in reshaping the international relations and the geopolitics of all the countries in the world.

Anyway, it is an important event in the history of the world, primarily because it helped ease the tensions and cold war between the two blocks of the world: one was led the communist Soviet Union while the other block was led by the ‘so-called’ leader of the free world. The event also led the way in reducing the arms race which had cost both the countries (the USA and the USSR) and their supporting nations billions of dollars. Essentially, this event made the whole world much less dangerous and more peaceful for living.


Sample Answer 2:
Second World War is an important event in history that has affected almost all of the countries of the world. It is also known as World War || and was a global war. This war lasted from 1939 till 1945 and was the most widespread war in world history. Almost 30 countries were directly involved in this war dividing into two major power called Allies and Axis. It is estimated that more than 100 million people were involved in this war. This devastating war caused 50 to 85 million fatalities and became the deadliest conflict in human history.

The war started on September the first, 1939 with the event when Germany invaded Poland. Just after 2 days Britain and France declared war on Germany. There are many political reasons that led the World War || but the most prominent reason was when Hitler invaded Poland, the conflict arose. United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France, Australia, New Zealand, Norway, Greece etc. were the main power of the Allies part while Germany, Japan, Italy, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria were the main power for the Axis.

This war involved Europe, Asia, Africa, Russia and most part of the world and because of the war the economy collapsed, industrialisation fell, a great number of people died, political aspect changed as an effect of the war and lots of nation had to reform their country. First, the nuclear bomb was used in this war and both parties invented and improved the war weapons. Most of the European countries had to suffer a severe economic crisis as the aftermath of the war, the United Kingdom had to abandon many of its colonial countries, a new political alliance had to form among nations.

This is, in my opinion, is the largest event in human history that shaped the world. The world today we see could have been different (politically and geographically) if the war would have produced a different result. No other event in history has affected the world as much as this war did.


Similar Cue Card Topics

Your ability to talk about this Cue Card Topic would also enable you to talk about the following Cue Card Topics as well:

  1. Describe an important day from history.
  2. Describe a celebration in your country.
  3. Describe a national day in your country.
  4. Describe an event that people in your country celebrate.
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You would never be asked to speak about a question like this in part 2 because you did not personally experience it.