Vocabulary for Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 (part 3)
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Essay Writing Vocabulary Index:
IELTS Vocabulary: Presenting an argument
Read the text below, in which somebody is trying to decide whether to go straight to university from school, or spend a year travelling around the world. Put their argument into the correct order, using the keywords and expressions in italics to help you. The first one and last one have been done for you.
1. I'm ready in two minds about what to do when I leave school. Should I go straight to university or should I spend a year travelling around the world?
2. It is often said that knowledge is the key to power, and I cannot disagree with this.
3. On the one hand, I would experience lots of different cultures.
4. Unfortunately, another point is that if I spent a year travelling I would need a lot of money.
5. And I'm not alone in this opinion. Many consider a sound career and a good salary to be an important goal.
6. However, it could be argued that I would also meet lots of interesting people while I was travelling.
7. Secondly, if I go straight to university, I'll learn so many things that will help me in my future life.
8. First of all, there are so many benefits of going straight to university.
9. But I believe that it would be easy to make a bit while I was travelling, giving English lessons or working in hotels and shops.
10. Moreover, I'll be able to take part in the social activities that the university offers, and meet lots of new friends who share the same interests.
11. The most important point is that the sooner I get my qualifications, the quicker I'll get a job and start earning.
12. Nevertheless, these inconveniences would be an inevitable part of travelling and would be greatly outweighed by the other advantages.
13. In my opinion, starting work and making money is one of the most important things in life.
14. On the other hand, I could end up suffering from culture shock, homesickness and some strange tropical diseases.
15. Furthermore, if I spent a year travelling, I would learn more about the world.
16. All right, I've made my mind up. Now, where's my nearest travel agency?
When you are asked to present an argument, you should always look at it from two sides, giving reasons why you agree and disagree before reaching a conclusion. Other words and expressions which you might find useful include:
I believe that......
Despite this/ in spite of this......
On the contrary......
At any rate......
For all that......
Using the keywords and expressions from the last exercise, present an argument for one of the following issues:
1. A government's main priority is to provide education for its people.
2. The only way to save the environment is for governments to impose strict quotas on the energy we use (for example, by restricting car ownership, limiting the water we use).
3. Satisfaction in your job is more important than the money you earn.
4. Living in a town or city is better than living in the countryside.
5. It is our responsibility to help or look after those less fortunate than ourselves (for example, the homeless, the mentally ill).
Useful Words to show Relations:
across, across from, where, in which, to which, from which, under, over, inside, on top of, along, though, as far as, northern, southern, eastern, western, to the left/ on the left-hand side, to the right/ on the right-hand side, to the south, in back, behind the, in front, in front of the ..., in the middle, adjacent, midpoint halfway, interior, diagonal, edge limit, parallel, parallel to, perpendicular to, opposite, overlapping, exterior, intersection, rectangle, square, circle, vertical, horizontal.
Useful Words for Classification:
aspect, attributes, bases, basic kinds of, categories, characteristics, classes, classifications, classify, contradictory, contrasting, dissimilar, distinguishable, divide, divided into, factors, falls into, fundamental, important, insignificant, kinds of, main kinds of, methods, minor, mutually exclusive, opposing, opposite, origins, parts, primary, secondary, qualities, significant, similar, sources, types of, unimportant.
Useful Words for Definition:
Aspect, Category, characteristics, clarify, class, condition, define, definition, explain, explanation, form, in other words, kind, method, paraphrase, type.
If you feel comfortable with the vocabulary section of IELTS Academic Writing task 2, continue studying "IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 Preparation" section.