"Technology" is a common topic in the IELTS exam. You may be asked to talk about technology in your speaking exam or write an essay that is related to technology. That is why it is important to know at least the common terms that you could use while describing a technology or write an essay to present convincing arguments and examples.

In this "vocabulary" lesson, we will learn some words and phrases related to technology and see how they could be actually used in a sentence. 

1. Surfing the web: [Meaning: To navigate through the World Wide Web or Internet.]

Example 1: I like to learn new things, and surfing the web for at least an hour per day helps me a lot in learning.
Example 2: During the pandemic, you should stay home and surf the web to order your grocery. 

2. State of the art: [Meaning: Modern, latest, up to date]. 

Example 1: The state of the art technology in medical science has made it possible to treat many diseases which wear deadly even just a few years ago.
Example 2: The airline authority boasts about the fact that all their aeroplanes use state-of-the-art navigation equipment.

3. Technophobe: [Meaning: Someone who fears, dislikes, or avoids new technology.]

Example 1: Though we are not a tech company, we still do not need people who are afraid to embrace technology and are considered technophobes.
Example 2: There is no way you can avoid technology in the workplace in the modern age. If you're a technophobe, you should hire someone with computer and technological skills who can help you do that. 

4. Technophile: [Meaning: A technology enthusiast.]

Example 1: Natasha is an experienced software developer and a passionate technophile.
Example 2: I consider myself a technophile, but I don't feel a rush to buy every new gadget available in the market. It is something I have practised for a long.

5. Automation: [Meaning: to use the technology or technological applications so that human input and interactions could be  minimized.]

Example 1: Only automation can cut our production costs and give us a competitive advantage over our competitors.
Example 2: Automation of over the phone banking service has allowed many banks to cut back on the number of customer service representatives and costs they needed in the past.

6. Cutting-edge: [Meaning: highly advanced, leading, innovative, pioneering]

Example 1: Cutting-edge technology has given us opportunities to be in touch with friends and family who stay far away.
Example 2: She is a bright and superb theorist in physics whose intellectual speculations placed her at the cutting edge, even among civil rights activists.

7. Tech geek: [Meaning: who is inordinately dedicated to and involved with technology; or someone who is obsessed with technology, especially computers.]

Example 1: I believe Alan doesn't mind being called a tech geek, he might even like it to some extent, to our surprise.
Example 2: Someone does not have to be a tech geek to understand this simple technological fact.

8. Computer buff: [Meaning: A person who knows a lot about computers and is tremendously interested in computers]

Example 1: I am not a computer buff, but still, I solve most of the problems that occur with my desktop computer.
Example 2: Although many computer buffs and geeks have known about this tech problem for many months, many companies in our city are only just waking up to it.


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