Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 74 - Average household expenditures in a country

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Chart:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The pie charts below show the average household expenditures in a country in 1950 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» Write at least 150 words.

Household expenditures in a country in 1950 & 2010


Sample Answer 1:
The two pie charts compare the average nationwide expenses on several household categories including housing, food, healthcare, education, transportation in 1950 and 2010. The expenditure ratio for food soared in 6 decades while an overwhelming portion of the expenditure went on for housing in 1950.

Now turning to the details, the bulk of the expenses in 1950 was made for the housing and food which accounted for a massive 72.1% and 11.2% of the total expenditures. In opposite, it can be observed that people prioritised buying food (34%) more than housing (22%) six decades later. Health care had the lowest amount of money spent on in both of the years. In addition, transportation expenses had remarkably increased by roughly three times from only 3.3% in 1950 to 14% in 2010. Aside from that, spending on other items also rose to 19.3% from 4.4% in 1950. Education expense ratio, however, had slightly decreased where people insignificantly spent 0.3% more in 1960 than in 2010.

To summarise, basic necessities such as food and housing are the two main categories people spent most percentages of money on, however, health care aspect was the least prioritised.

[Written by - Immae]


Sample Answer 2:
The pie charts show the expenses made in housing, food, healthcare, education, transportation and other items in a country in 1950 and 2010. As is observed from the pie charts, in 1950 almost two-third expenditure was in housing whereas this average expenditure has been increased for food, transportation etc. in 2010.

According to the given data, more than 70% expenditure of the people in this country went on in housing in 1950. The second most expenditure in this country was for food. All other expenditures including healthcare, education, transportation etc. were less than 20% in total. After 60 years the trends of expenditure in this country significantly changed. People’s expenditure in housing decreased to only 22% while the expenditure for food increased to just over one-third of the total. Interestingly, the expenditure on education decreased over the time while the expenses for transportation increased to 14%. All other expenditure in 1950 was only 4.4% which increased to roughly 20% in 2010 which indicates the new addition in the category where people started expensing more than they did in 1950.

In summary, the expenditure nature of people had changed significantly in 2010 than that had been in 1950 and it is obvious that expenses on food upsurged.


Model Answer 3:
The two pie charts compare the household outlay in a country by major categories in 1950 and 2010. Overall, in both years, significant expenditure went on for accommodation and food which together covered the most of the expenditure. However, in 2010, spending ratio escalated for the food while decreased for the housing.

In 1950, nearly two-thirds of the expenditure of people went on for the accommodation and more than 11% on food. The expenditure on housing plummeted in 2010, 72.1% to 22.0% while it almost trebled in the case of the food. Healthcare expenditure ratio, on the contrary, was the lowest, only 2.4%, and it increased by almost 2% in 2010. Similarly, the outlay on transportation was elevated in 2010 by nearly 10%. The cost ratio for education was 6.6% in 1950 which slightly decreased after six decades. Other categories attributed to only around 4% expenditure and it roughly quintuple during the period.

In summary, the housing drained the highest percentages of money for the people in this country in 1950 and after 60 years it reduced while the ratio of expense on foods increased remarkably.

[ Written by - Harpreet ]

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.11 (14 Votes)
The pie charts illustrate the average household expenditures in a country by comparing the changes in the expenditure in 1950 and 2010. The most striking feature to note is that in 1950 people dissipated maximum on housing, whereas in 2010 area of interest shifted to food.Looking at the details, in 1950 people's expenses were approximately three-fifth on the average on housing, however, in 2010 this share of expense decreased and comprised of only one-fifth of the amount. Another significant change worth mentioning is related to food. In 1950, around 11.2% of expenditure was on it, whereas in 2010 this soared three folds.To add further, drastic changes were seen in transportation and others, wherein 1950 these two areas comprised of only 3.3% and 4.4% of spending, it showed the significant rise and reached 14.0% and 19.2% respectively. There was not much difference in percentages noted in healthcare and education.To summarise, priorities of people changed from housing to food in six decades.
Dear Mentor, If I write any task 1 in your comment section, then will you please check that for me like any mistakes or something?
When the subject is singular, I do use expense like 'the rate of expense' on one object. When I refer to two objects, do I use the rate of expenses?
I am confused about the word 'expense'. When it refers to one subject, then I use 'the rate of expense' spent on something? When do I use plural expenses or should it be always singular like expense?
:sigh: good
IELTS Mentor
Dear Ayman, if you use 'charts' the verb form would be 'show'. Alternatively, if you use 'chart', the verb form would be 'shows'. If you notice exception to this, consider it as a typo and please notify us so that we can correct those immediately. Thanks for your nice comment.
Please, could you tell me which one is grammatically correct? - The provided pie charts shows (as you wrote up) or ( show ) as you did in other bar charts, I noticed you wrote them like 'show' and 'shows' in different tasks.
The pie charts compare the average spending by each household on six different categories in two separate years.It is clear that the largest proportion of expenditure was spent on housing in 1950 whereas spending on food overtook housing in 2010, becoming the main source of expenditure among the six categories. By contrast, spending on health care remained as the smallest cost in both years.In 1950, more than two third of household expenditure went on housing, at about 72%. The percentage of food expense followed it, making up for 11% of the total expenditure. By contrast, while food expense rose dramatically by about 23%, to 34% in 2010 became the leading cost in each household, expenditure on housing fell considerably by 50% and occupied 22% of the total household spending.While both expenditures on transportation and other increased by more than 10% over 60 years, there was a slight drop in the percentage of education expense from 6.6% to 6.3%. Finally, health care remained as the smallest payment in both years, at 2.4% and 4.5% respectively. (177 words)