## Graph Writing # 13 - Social and economic indicators for four countries

### The table below shows social and economic indicators for four countries in 1994, according to United Nations statistics.

Describe the information shown below in your own words. What implications do the indicators have for the countries?

» You should write at least 150 words.
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

 Indicators Canada Japan Peru Zaire Annual income per person (in \$US) 11100 15760 160 130 Life expectancy at birth 76 78 51 47 Daily calorie supply per person 3326 2846 1927 1749 Adult literacy rate (%) 99 99 68 34

The table compares four social and economic aspects for Canada, Japan, Peru and Zaire in the year 1994. A glance at the table reveals that Canada and Japan far outweighed Peru and Zaire in terms of their citizens social and economic conditions.

As the data suggests, yearly average earning for a Canadian was more than 11 thousand US dollar in 1994. The highest annual earning was in Japan where a citizen made over 15 thousand. Annual income for a citizen in Peru and Zaire was less than 200 USD and this figure was almost 100 times fewer than that of the former two countries. Life expectancy was highest in Japan, 78 years, which was marginally higher than that of Canadians but substantially higher than that of Peru and Zaire, where life expectancy was 51 and 47 years respectively. Moreover, 99% Canadians and Japanese adults were literate while it was only 68% in Peru. On contrary to that, two-thirds adults in Zaire were illiterate. Finally, daily calorie supply per person in Canada was the highest, more than 3.3 kilocalories while it was slightly below than 3 kilocalories in Japan. However, Peru and Zaire could only ensure less than 2 kilocalories per person in a day.

The provided table compares four important economic and social factors of four countries namely Canada, Japan, Peru and Zaire for the year 1994. As is observed from the given data, Canada and Japan had a far better economic and social conditions than the other two countries.

We can observe from the given information that, Japan had the highest literacy rate (99%), per person annual income (USD 15760), longest life expectancy (78 years) and second-highest (2846) daily calorie supply per person. Again Canada was another country with a very good social and economic situation that had 99% literate population, USD 11100 per person annual earning, 76 years life expectancy and the highest daily calorie supply per person which was 3326. On the contrary, the other two countries had poorer economic and social conditions. Peru had only \$ 160 annual income per person which is 98 times less than Japan and they had only 68% adult literate compared to the 99% from two other developed countries. Zaire had the worst economic and social condition among these four countries in the year 1994 with the least adult literacy (only 34%), 130 USD annual per-person income, 1749 daily calorie supply and only 47 years life expectancy.

In summary, Japan and Canada were two socially and economically developed countries with very good social and economic indicators while Peru and Zaire were two undeveloped countries with poor life expectancy, earning, food supply and literacy rates.

The supplied table gives data provided by the United Nations on the 4 major social and economic indicators of four countries for the year 1994. As is observed from the given data, Canada and Japan were two countries with really rich social and economic indications whereas Peru and Zaire were two countries where life expectancy and other social and economic factors were very poor in the year 1994.

Canada and Japan had both 99% adult literacy rate and their life expectancy was more than 75. Besides, annual incomes per person in these two countries were much higher, more than 11 thousand and 15 thousand respectively. Finally, the daily calorie supplies for the people of these 2 countries were more than 3300 and 2800. Totally opposite scenarios can be observed in Peru and Zaire. The latter two countries had only 68% and 34% adult literates and the life expectancy was much less than the previous two countries. Finally, the calorie supply per person and life expectancy was significantly less in these two countries. These indicators show a poor living standard in these two countries.

In summary, Canada and Japan both had a rich life standard while it was very poor in Peru and Zaire.

The given table depicts some striking information according to the statistics of the United Nations which represents social and economic indicators of four particular countries in the year 1994. According to the provided table, it can be seen clearly that, living standards of Canadian and Japanese citizens were far better than that of people of Peru and Zaire.

As is presented in the table, initially, annual incomes of Canadian and Japanese people were much higher with 11100 and 15760 USD per person in 1994 while people of Peru and Zaire had only 260 and 130 USD per person respectively. In addition, life expectancy at birth in Canada and Japan was 76 and 78 years whereas it was only 51 and 47 only in Peru and Zaire.

As is observed from the given data, daily calorie supply in Canada and Japan was 3326 and 2846 per person while this ratio in Peru and Zaire was almost half, with 1927 and 1749 per person. Again, the adult literacy rate in both Canada and Japan was exactly same - 99%, while other two countries namely Peru and Zaire had far less adult literacy rates which were 68 and 34 percents respectively.

In summary, citizens of Canada and Japan had incredibly better living standards than that of Peru and Zaire in all indicated areas in the statistics.

Data presented in the table shows four social and economic indicators in the year 1994 for Canada, Japan, Peru and Zaire, based on the statistics of the UN. As is observed from the given data, Japan and Canada had far better economic conditions than the other two countries.

According to the table data, Japan had the highest per capita income (annually over 15 thousand US dollar) while Peru and Zaire had fewer per person income (just over 100 USD) in 1994. Canada held the second position in this economic indicator with over 11 thousand per person annual income. Again, life expectancy in Japan and Canada was far better than the other two countries. While the Japanese population had a 78 years life expectancy, people of Peru and Zaire had a life expectancy of 50 years at the birth time.

Canadian and Japanese had plenty of daily calories supply (around 3000 calories per day for individual person) while Peru and Zaire managed to have less than 2 thousand daily calorie supply per person. For the final economic and social indicator of these four countries, literacy rates in Japan and Canada were far better than the other two countries. Peru managed to have over 50% literacy rates while almost a two-third population of Zaire was illiterate.

(Approximately 208 words | By- Guri)

Rating 4.17 (27 Votes)

Kartik
Thanks.
Jenny Nguyen
It is very good for students. Thank you so much, Mentor.
Phoebe
You are welcome to comment on my writing below:

The table illustrates four different social and economic indicators in Canada, Japan, Peru and Zaire in 1994. Statistics were recorded by the United Nations.

Overall, both social and economic indicators varied a lot between countries, though it was palpable that Zaire had the lowest rates in all four indicators in 1994.

The daily calorie supply per person was rated the highest in Canada with 3326 calories per day. The figure for Japan was also high (2846 calories) compared to the least which could be seen in Zaire with 1749 calories. Residents in Peru on average consumed 1927 calories daily. In terms of annual income per person, which was measured in US dollars, was higher in Canada and Japan (\$11,100 and \$15,760 respectively). The other two countries earned on average around \$145 annually. On the other hand, life expectancy in Japan and Canada was far better than in the other two countries. While the Japanese and Canadian population had around 77 years’ life expectancy, the people of Peru and Zaire had only around 50 years. Similarly, the adult literacy rate in Japan and Canada was also higher and rated exactly the same at 99% compared to only 68% for Peru, which was doubled than that of Zaire’s figure.

Weber Soares
The supplied table data illustrates the economic indicators for four countries in 1994. Overall, it can be seen that Japan and Canada had far better economic conditions compared to Peru and Zaire.As is observed, the annual income per capita was highest in Japan, accounted for US\$ 15760, followed by Canada with US\$ 11100. The countries Peru and Zaire presented US\$ 160 and US\$ 130, respectively.Another indicator of the economy was life expectancy, which was very similar in Canada and Japan, with an average of 77 years. On the other hand, in Peru and Zaire, life expectancy was significantly lower. For Peru, it was 51 years and in Zaire, it was less than 50 years.The indicator of daily calory supply also indicates that in Canada and Japan, people had better food availability than that of Peru and ZaireRegarding the adult literacy rate in four countries, Japan and Canada showed the same percentage of literacy- 99% in the year 1994, while this was 68 % in Peru and only 34% in Zaire.In summary, it is quite clear that the economic factors in Japan and Canada were significantly better than that of Zaire and Peru, contributing to better social and economic conditions in the former two countries.
IELTS Mentor
You are most welcome Varsha.
Gunjan Sheth
The provided table reveals four major social and economic indicators for four countries in 1994, as per UN statistics. Overall, the social and economic condition of Canadian and Japanese were far better than that of citizens in Peru and Zaire. As could be observed, the highest annual income per person was in Japan which was over 15 thousand dollars. In Canada, annual income per person was 11100 US dollar and it was second highest. On the contrary, annual income per capita was very low in Zaire and Peru, just over 100 dollar. In the case of life expectancy, Japan and Canada had a significantly better position that the other two countries. While it was nearly 80 in Canada and Japan, for Peru and Zaire it was around 530 years less. Again, highest calorie intake was in Canada and lowest calorie consumption was in Zaire. In Peru, calorie intake was 1927 per person while it was around 3 thousand in two developed countries- Japan and Canada. Finally, adult literacy rate was 99% in Canada and Japan while in Zaire it was 68% and in Peru it was the lowest, 34% .The data provided indicate that social and economic condition in Japan and Canada was way better than that of Peru and Zaire.
Varsha
Hi, your task helps me a lot. Thank you so much.
Sinu
I am a candidate who is appearing for PTE exam but your essays and graphs help me a lot to prepare for my exam. Thanks a lot for doing such a wonderful job.
Nima
The provided table compares social and economic indicators for four countries namely Canada, Japan, Peru and Zaire according to United Nations data in 1994.As is presented as a census of perusal the given table, each Canadian, Japanese, a Peruvian and Zairian person caught 11100, 15760, 160 and 130 dollars as annual wage respectively. In the life expectancy, Japanese people had the most amount of this factor with 78 years among other unfortunately this index in Zaire was in a critical situation with only 47 years between other regions. In the third factor, Canadian people supply to consume the most calories than other spheres with 3326 and Japan was in the second rank with 2846 for each person. In the last index, Japanese and Canadian followed unique behaviour with 99% but this factor Peruvian and Zairian people was 68 and 34 percent respectively. In conclusion, Japan had the most annual salary for each person and also had the maximum Life expectancy at birth between other with 15760 and 78 respectively.
Brittany
I think you did not answer the implications of the indicators. Did you?
IELTS Mentor
Dear Ilnaz, you need to write at least 150 words for task 1 and 250 words for task 2. There is no maximum word limit in IELTS writing. However, you should manage your time and finish your task in the allowed time.
Ilnaz
Hello! Can you please tell me what is the word limit in the writing 1 and 2? Somebody says that it is 165 for the first one and 275 for the second one? Is that right? Thank you in advance for your answer.
IELTS Mentor
The answers were modified. Yes, as the data are given for the year 1994, it should be described using the past tense. Thanks for your comment and suggestion.
Mehul Dalal
Your answer will help many students who are preparing for IELTS and I also mostly refer your answers. But on this topic, they gave the year 1994 so according to me, you should describe your graph using the past tense instead of present tense. If you believe that you are right then please give reasons. Thank you..!!!