Graph Writing # 14 - Typical stages of consumer goods manufacturing
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Flow Chart/ Diagram:
The diagram below shows the typical stages of consumer goods manufacturing, including the process by which information is fed back to earlier stages to enable adjustment.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the process shown.
» You should write at least 150 words.
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
Sample Answer 1:
The provided flowchart illustrates the process of consumer goods production in an orderly manner and includes various stages of production and sales together with the feedback supplied towards the earlier stages which allows improvements and modifications throughout the process.
The product manufacturing process is initiated with the purchase of raw materials and manufactured components which are kept in storage until the production process is planned. Production planning stage involves product research and design. The process is carried through the stages of assembly, inspection, testing and packaging of the final product sequentially which is then dispatched for sales to the consumers.
Production planning provides feedback for storage. Likewise, sales provide feedback for both production planning and market research, which in turn provides feedback for advertising and packaging. Similarly, both market research and testing provide feedback for design.
In summary, this flowchart illustrates the production process and the feedback provided at various stages of goods manufacturing.
(Approximately 152 words | Written by Sami Satti)
Sample Answer 2:
The given diagram shows the stages of manufacturing and process adjustment of the consumer goods. As is observed from the flowchart, the goods manufacturing is a complex process which is done in several stages and information is sometimes fed back to earlier stages to make some adjustments.
Firstly, raw materials and other components are stored together and production planning is done. Two major process involves in the overall manufacturing process: one is manufacturing process itself and another one is the information feedback process with which the adjustment of the manufacturing is done. After the product research, the design part is done and this input is used in product planning stage. After the production planning is complete the assembly, inspection, testing and packaging stages are done sequentially. Feedback from testing phase is used in the design stage and which led back to product planning stage. Again, the market research affects the design and advertising stages and inputs from the market research stage are used in the packaging stage. The final two stages are dispatch and sales. The information flow stage gives feedback to other stages to refine and adjust the process.
In summary, the consumer goods manufacturing process involves both the multi-staged manufacturing and research methods. The manufacturing stages involve the storage, assembly, inspection, packing to the sales methods whereas the research stages include market & product research, design and advertisement.
(Approximately 231 words)
Sample Answer 3:
The given diagram shows the steps of the consumer products manufacturing process, as is clearly shown in the diagram that goods manufacturing is a complex process from collection of raw materials to the end product.
As the process clearly shows the first stage of product development is collection and storage of raw materials and manufacturing components. The second stage involves designing of the products and production planning and it’s a lengthy process which includes supervision and monitoring designing progress frequently, and before market surveys, it is necessary to test the product to be aware the quality of the product. If the product is quality wise good then the next stage is packing of the products and make advertising for sale. In this production and manufacturing process, there are mainly two types of processes- the flow of manufacturing process and the flow of information feedback.
In summary, it is value chain development process that starts from collection of raw materials to the end or final product for sale, in each stage of this manufacturing process value is added to products.
(Approximately 176 words | Written by Maher Ali)
Answer: (Modified version)
The diagram illustrates different steps of product manufacturing as well as methods using which useful feedback are provided to initial stages for regulating the product quality and production process.
As we can see, the flow of information and feedback take time and effort in order to make the product appropriate and adjust the production process. Moreover, many surveys and feedbacks are also needed to make good design and making good advertising.
First, if we follow the manufacturing process, it is obvious that raw materials and manufactured goods are stocked in storage units before they are transferred to the production planning phase. After choosing the materials which are suitable with the design (based on research), it would be sent to the next steps, but the goods that are not useful would be sent back to storage. The next steps are assembly, inspection, testing, packaging, despatch, and the finally the sales.
Three steps, particularly, need more attention and feedback. First, in the testing step, in which products should be matched with the design, second in packaging, in which products should be suitable with the market research, and finally, sales - which is the ultimate target for manufacturing goods.
Just before finalising the sales step, it needs to be reviewed again and again with the planning and market research phases. For sales, it would be important to do the advertising and re-design.
Overall, the complex manufacturing process is carried through multiple stages which involves research methods and subsequent feedbacks which allow for improvements and modifications if needed.
The process is initiated once raw materials and manufactured components are available. This is then stored initially as the production planning needed to take place first. Once done, it is then proceeding to the assembly stage which is closely followed by inspections. At this point, the packaging is commenced as it passes through inspection and testing. It is dispatched to different store locations to be sold to consumers.
With regards to the feedback system, product research needs to be conducted in order to produce a design which is guided by market research and testing. Similarly, the design determines production planning. Packaging, by the way, is influenced by market research which then affects advertising. Consequently, sales determine future production planning and market research and then the whole cycle continues.