Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 90 - Demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Line Graph + Pie Chart:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer. The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Demand for electricity in England during winter & summer

How electricity is used in an average English home

Sample Answer 1:
The given graphs show the electricity demand in England in a typical day of winter and summer and also show how people used this electricity. According to the first line graph, we can see that the electricity demand in winter is much higher than the demand in summer in England.

In a typical day, the electricity demand in winter season is around 35000 units and it is around 18000 units in the summer season. Again the demand of the electricity varies on several hours of the day and the demand from 6:00 to 9:00 am is lesser than the demand in other hours of the day. During the winter the demand is highest from 21:00 to 23:00 and during summer the demand is highest from 13:00 to 14:00 hours.

Based on the pie chart we can infer that the room heating and water heating is the main purpose people consume the electricity in England. The demand for washing machine, kettle and ovens consume around 18% of total electricity consumed and two other categories consume 15% electricity each. These two other categories which consume 30% of total electricity include light, TV, Radio, vacuum cleaner, food mixer and other electric told and devices.


Model Answer 2:
The presented graph illustrates the electricity requisition in England during two different seasons, winter and summer. Meanwhile, the pie chart demonstrates how the electricity is utilised daily and to what quantity.

In general, both in winter and summer, the electricity demand rises up from around 9:00 am to about 23:00 pm and the electricity in mainly spent for heating room and water.

Looking at the detail, the electricity demand in summer is reckoned between 10,000 – 20,000 units. It goes to around 12,000 before 9 am and slightly increases to around 20,000 at 14 pm and relatively fluctuates until the rest of the day. However, in winter, the electricity requisition sets about 35,000 units at 00 am and gradually spikes before it actually rises at 9 am and keeps the level swells until around 45,000 units at 23 pm.  

Meanwhile, due to utilisation and quantity, heating room and water are true as the vast majority, 52%, of electricity using. This high proportion is related to the high electricity demand for these two appliances during winter. Whereas other kitchen and electronic devices, vacuum cleaners, food mixers and electronic tools amass lower proportion, 48%, than heating rooms and water. 

[Written by - Linda ]


Sample Answer 3:
The given line graph illustrates the demands for electricity during normal days of summer and winter in England, while the pie chart describes how an average household consumes electricity in England.

The line graph exhibits that electricity demand in winter is significantly higher than that in summer. Besides, the pie chart shows that more than half of the electricity is consumed for the purpose of heating rooms and water.

The given illustration shows that in winter, electricity demand in England rise up to almost 48,000 units and drops to nearly 30,000 units. It is generally observed that the demand increases after the evening time. While in summer, the electricity demand rises up to 20,000 units in the noon time and drops to almost 12,000 in the early morning.

The given pie chart demonstrates that more than half of the electricity is utilised for the purpose of heating rooms and water which is 52%. The second major proportion of electricity, 18%, is utilised for using ovens, kettles and washing machines. Lighting, TV and radio utilise 15% electricity while the remaining 15% goes for the vacuum cleaner, food mixers, and electric tools.

[Written by - Zafar]


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+2 # Harjot 2017-06-28 13:21
It is very helpful.
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0 # Lolly 2017-02-15 20:31
What could be the possible speculations for this?
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+17 # Ika Utami Wahyu 2015-12-24 05:16
The line graph compares the electricity consumption during winter and summer seasons in the UK, while the pie chart gives information about the percentage of electricity used in an average English household.

It is clear that the figure for electricity demand during winter period is about two times higher than that of the summer period. Throughout the year, heating rooms & water consume just over half of the total electricity consumption in English homes. During the winter, people start using the electricity at around 2 am - 4 am, and this reaches a peak just under 40,000 units. In contrast, the electricity used in England starts after 9.00 am and it reaches the peak at almost 3 pm with 20,000 units consumption during the summer. Then, those trends increase gradually, but the figure for winter reaches the zenith again by 5,000 units, while summer experiences just a small peak at 11 pm, almost 20,000 units.

Households in the UK consume the highest proportion of electricity for heating rooms and water, making up just over 53% of the figure, while three kitchen tools, such as ovens, kettles, washing machines, account for at 17.5% consumption. The remaining of 30% of electricity is used for lighting, TV, radio and vacuum cleaners, food mixers and electric tools.
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+9 # Nima 2015-08-16 03:24
The chart depicts typical demand of electricity in England and compares these demands in summer and winter during 24 hours. Also, the other graph shows different reasons for electricity consumption namely heating, lighting and TV, ovens and vacuum cleaners.

As is provided as a census of a perusal in the given trend illustrates electricity demand fluctuates between 15000 and 20000 units in summer but in winter this change is intensified and alters in 30000 and 48000 unit range. In other aspect electricity consumption rockets and meets 48000 units as the summit in 21:00 in winter.

In the second graph, pie chart depicts 4 different reasons for electricity usages and their volume. The proportion of vacuum cleaners and lighting are equivalent but the heating room and water devote the most amount of its consumption with 52%. At the end ovens and kitchen equipment use 18% of whole residential demands.

In summary in winter and especially in 9 pm demand for electricity is more than summer and other time.
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