Graph Writing # 17 - Sleep patterns of people in five different occupations

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Table:

» You should not take more than 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the sleep patterns of people in five different occupations according to a Canadian study.

Write a report for a university lecturer, describing the information below.

» You should write at least 150 words.










Truck Driver

Full-time mother

Business Executive


6-7 pm






7-8 pm






8-9 pm






9-10 pm






10-11 pm






11-12 pm






12-1 am






1-2 am






2-3 am






3-4 am






4-5 am






5-6 am






6-7 am






7-8 am






8-9 am






9-10 am






10-11 am






11-12 am






12-1 pm






1-2 pm






2-3 pm






3-4 pm






4-5 pm






5-6 pm






Model Answer 1:
The diagram outlines the sleep pattern of students, truck drivers, mothers, business executives and doctors in a typical day. Generally speaking, students and business executives have a steady sleep pattern while others sleep in a scattered fashion.

It is explicitly observed that students usually sleep 8 hours a day, from 11.00 pm to 7.00 am, without any interruption and their duration of rest is higher than people from other professions. Business executives have a continuous nap schedule but they sleep only 6 hours, from 11 pm to 5 pm. Truck drivers seem like have the most sporadic sleep schedule and they sleep 6 hours a day in a scattered way in the early morning and evening time. A similar rest agenda could be observed for full-time mothers who take rest 8 hours a day but at three different times of the day. They are usually awake at mid-night as do the truck drivers. Finally, doctors sleep only 5 hours a day, the least among the given categories, and they sleep from late night till early morning with the exception of 3-4 in the morning when they remain awake.    

Sample Answer 2:
The provided data shows the sleeping pattern of people of different occupations based on a Canadian study. As is observed from the given information, the timing and total hours of sleeping varies based on the occupation group of people

Firstly, students sleep 8 hours a day and their average sleeping hours are from 11:00 pm to 7:00 am. Secondly, Truck drivers sleep on different times of a day possibly because of their job nature and variation of driving schedules and they sleep around 6 hours a day.  Again, full-time mothers sleep from 10 pm and with some intervals they also show a variation on sleeping times and in total they sleep 8 hours a day. Business executives sleep 6 hours a day but they have a consistent sleeping pattern like the students and they sleep from 11.00 pm to 5:00 am on an average. Finally, the doctors sleep fewer hours than people from other occupation. They sleep from 1:00 a.m. to 7:00 a.m. with an interval of one hour.

In summary, the sleeping patterns vary based on the occupation of the people and students & full-time mothers sleep more hours in a day while doctors sleep comparatively less among the different categories of people.

Model Answer 3:
The given illustration demonstrates sleep patterns of students, full-time mothers, truck drivers, doctors and business executives based on a study conducted in Canada. As is observed, people’s sleeping time and duration vary greatly based on their occupations.

As is given in the chart, students have a steady and uninterrupted sleeping pattern. They usually sleep between 11 pm and 7 pm and this is probably because they have to attend classes during the daytime. The truck drivers sleep at different times of the day and they do not sleep for long hours. They sleep fewer hours than the students but more than doctors. The most probable reason for this is unfixed duty at different times of the day. Then comes the full-time mothers who also have an inconsistent sleeping pattern and they need to take care of their children and that is why they remain awake from 1-3 am which should have been the time for sound sleep. Business executives, on the other hand, sleep more than the doctors but less than the students. They sleep continuous hours between 11 pm and 5 am. Since they need to remain busy at their workplaces, they try to sleep at night time. Finally, doctors have the most erratic sleeping pattern and they sleep fewer hours than others. They go to bed at 1 am and awake at 7 am. But the 3-4 am sleeping pattern for doctors shows that they need to remain awake at these hours.  

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The provided chart illustrates information about the sleeping pattern of people with different employment statuses i.e. students, truck drivers, full-time mothers, business executives, and doctors. The information is based on a Canadian study.

As is observed, students and full-time mothers sleep more hours than the people with other three occupations, while doctors sleep very few hours - just 5-hours a day.

As is presented, the student sleeps consecutive 8-hours at night while a full-time mother takes rest 6 hours at night from 10 pm to 6 am with excluding two hours from 1 am to 3 am then two hours at mid-day from 1 to 2 pm. Besides, truck drivers and business executives take 6-hours for sleeping but the main difference is that business executives sleep consecutive 6-hours and a truck driver's sleeping pattern is divided into many portions i.e. from 6 pm to 7 pm then at morning 7 am to 10 am and at evening 4 pm to 6 pm. On the contrary, doctors sleep only 5 hours at night from 1 am to 7 am excluding one hour between 3 am to 4 am.

In brief, the students sleep more and continuously at night - 8 hours, but doctors face a very tough routine having only 5 hours sleep per 24 hours.

According to a Canadian survey, the sleep patterns of students, truck drivers, full-time mothers, business executives and doctors, being given by 24-hour cycle, demonstrates by a red and white spot on the table. The red colour on the table shows sleeping times by those people.All groups, except truck drivers, sleep approximately over 10 pm to 7 am. Truck drivers, in contrast, remain awake from 7 pm to 8 am- the time that other groups of people do not have major activities to follow. There is a similarity between student and business executive's sleeping pattern; both have continuous sleep trend while they are asleep, however, business executive undergoes less time for rest, just from 11 pm to 5 am- rather than students, from 11 pm to 7 am. Although full-time mothers go to bed sooner than the others- excluding truck driver in this comparison- there is a gap between 1 am to 3 am of their sleep pattern, similar to the doctors with a stop between 2 am and 4 pm. Overall, four out of five groups, use the night time for their rest whereas, due to responsibility, mothers and doctors remain awake for one or two hours at night. Truck drivers, on the contrary mostly sleep at day time.
Good narration.
Sewar J. Haddadin
The given chart presents the result of a Canadian study which was conducted to gather data about sleeping patterns for different people including students, truck drivers, full-time mothers, business executives and doctors. As an overall trend, it can be seen that students and business executives normally have a regular, efficient and sequential sleep hours while truck drivers have irregular, discrete and separate sleeping hours probably because of their work requirements. Another significant trend can be seen that students and full-time mothers sleep 8 hours daily. However, the full-time mothers sleep in a distracted fashion for 2 hours during the night and always substitute the distracted time by a nap for 2 hours in the noon. Interestingly, doctors’ sleeping hours are the fewest among all. They sleep only 5 irregular hours from 1:00 am 3:00 and then from 4:00 am until 7:00, whereas the dawn time for them is the time to wake up for an hour possibly because they might be on call. Noticeably, the most reliable sleep pattern was for students and business executives. However, students normally sleep 8 hours from 11:00 pm until 7:00 due to their school timing while business executives sleep for 6 hours. From the given data it can be concluded that the occupation is a core factor to the people’s sleep patterns.
The provided table gives a research's result that took place in Canada on the sleeping model of people during a typical day with different careers. As is observed from the illustration, the timing and total hours of sleeping vary based on the employments status and type.As can be seen, students and business executives sleep ceaselessly, but students sleep for 8 hours on an average. starting from 11 pm. Likewise, business executives sleep for 6 hours at night till the next morning. In contrast to full-time mothers and doctors, truck drivers sleep at different times of a day, probably because of their driving schedules. They sleep usually 6 hours, from 7 am till 10 am in the morning and from 4 pm till 7 pm in the evening.Moreover, doctors rest from 1 am till 7 am but it has a gap between 3 am till 4 am, whereas full-time mothers sleep from 10 pm till 6 am but they usually are awake from 1 am till 3 am, and in the evening they take a 2-hours nap.In summary, students sleep more orderly and longer hours than others, whereas doctors and truck drivers' sleep pattern is not regular.
I think using of firstly, secondly etc. are not suitable because they depict an argument. We'd better use first, second etc.
The table data depicts the sleeping schedules of types of people with 4 different job status, namely student, truck driver, full-time mother, business executive and doctor from a Canadian study.As is presented as a census of perusal the presented chart, student have more time than others for sleeping. Full-time mothers and truck drivers have the most irregular sleeping pattern. For example, truck drivers sleep at 7-10 am and 4-7 pm and mothers remain awake all of the time except at 10 pm-1am, 3-6am and 1-3 pm. Among other jobs, business executives follow a similar sleeping pattern like students. People in this career take rest from 11 pm to 5 am. In the last job category, doctors, have lowest hours of rest with 5 hours in the morning and other time of a day they remain awake.In conclusion, students have the more time for sleeping and among other careers doctors remain awake most of the time. Also, the full-time mothers have the most erratic pattern of sleeping.
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