Graph Writing # 18 - Employment rates across 6 countries in 1995 and 2005

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph:

» You should take 20 minutes to complete this task.

The graph below shows information on employment rates across 6 countries in 1995 and 2005.

Summarise the information by choosing and describe the main idea, and make comparisons where appropriate.

» Write at least 150 words.

Employment Rates by Country, 1995-2005

employment rates across 6 countries in 1995 and 2005.

Model Answer 1:
The supplied bar graph compares the employment rates between men and female in 6 different countries for the years 1995 and 2005. As is observed from the given data, the employment rate among men was higher than that of females in all of the given six countries and the overall employment conditions in Iceland, Switzerland was comparatively better than the other four countries.

As is given in the diagram, initially in 1995, more than 65% males were employed in Switzerland and in Iceland while in other four countries this rate was less than 60%. After a decade, the male employment percentage reached over 70% except in Australia. On the contrary, in 1995, the female employment rate was over 50% only in Switzerland and for the rest of the countries, this was from 28% to 58%. This quota also improved over the 10 years, and in 2005, female employee rate reached to almost 70% in Switzerland and for the rest of the countries, it was 50%.

In summary, the male had a better employment record than the female and in 10 years the employment opportunity for both male and female increased.

Sample Answer 2:
The column graph shows employment rate variations in six countries, namely, Australia, Switzerland, Ireland, UK, New Zealand and the USA between 1995 and 2005. As is observed,  employment rates in these countries improved and there have been notable advancements for women in the workforce.

It is obvious that women had lower employment rates in most of the countries. For example, in Australia in 1995, 57 percent of men had a job, but only 27 percent of women were employed. In this year, the highest employment rates for women (70%) was in Iceland where more than 80% men were working class.

The second biggest trend in the graph is the improvement in employment between 1995 and 2005. In all countries shown, figures for both men and women employment rates improved. The biggest change was in the United Kingdom, from 55 percent of men in 1995 to 73 percent over the ten years period. Furthermore, the increases in employment rates for women were much higher in New Zealand. The percentage of working women jumped from 25 percent to 42 percent, and in the United States from 45 percent to 61 percent over the decade. In these countries, at least a 12 percent increased both for men and women over the ten years.

Sample Answer 3:
The supplied bar chart compares the employment rate among men and women workers in 1995 and 2005 in six countries across the globe. It is clear that in 1995, the employment rates in Iceland and Switzerland were comparatively higher than other countries and more men were employed than that of women in the given countries.

Male employment rates in Switzerland and Iceland was over 65% while it was exactly 60% in New Zealand in 1995. In this year about 58% Australian male was employed while in the USA it was just below 60%. Finally, in the UK about 55% males were employed. On the other side, women employment rate in this year was comparatively lower (only 27-28%) in Australia and New Zealand. Women in Switzerland had the highest employment rate in this year which was approximately 58%.

After 10 years, the employment rate, both for woman and men, increased and the highest employment rate for men could be observed in Iceland (82%) and lowest in Australia (69%). Similarly, the highest women employment rate was in Switzerland (68%) and lowest in Australia (38%).  Though the percentage of women employment increased in 2005, men were still ahead of women in employment sectors in these six countries.

[Written by - Basil Alias]

IELTS Graph Question: The chart below shows information on employment rates across 6 countries for men and women in 1995 and 2005.

Model Answer 4:
The bar chart shows how the employment rates in six countries changed both for males and females between 1995 and 2005. Overall, male employment ratio was higher than that of females but women progressed a lot during the given period.

As the diagram suggests, Icelander males had the highest employment ratio both in 1995 and 2005, about 70% and 82% respectively. Women, however, in Iceland had a less impressive job ratio. Only 40% in 1995 and just over 50% in 2005. A similar employment ratio for men could be observed in Switzerland but female engagement in work in Switzerland was far better than any other country. Almost seven out of ten females in Switzerland had a job in 2005 compared to around 40% female job holders in Australia and New Zealand in this year.

The USA and UK had an almost similar employment rate both in this year and 70% males and 60% females in these two countries were doing some kind of job in 2005. Interestingly the largest gap between female and male employee ratios could be observed in Iceland, Australia and New Zealand despite their noticeably higher male employment rates.  

What is the Graph about?

» The column graph compares employment rates both for men and women in six countries - Australia, Switzerland, Iceland, the UK, New Zealand and the USA.
» It shows the employment rates of both genders in 1995 and 2005.
» It compares employment rates of men and women in 1995. It also compares how the employment rate changed after a decade.
» It shows which countries had better employment rates.
» It shows the gap between the employment rates between male and female.

Summary of the Graph:

The column/bar graph compares the employment rates in six countries both for males and females in 1995 with that of 2005 in six countries. It is evident that employment rates for males were between 55% and 70% in 1995 while it was between 28% and 57% for women. The highest percentages of male employees were in Iceland and Switzerland and British, American and Swiss females were higher in ratio than that of other countries in terms of having a job. The employment ratio among citizens of the given countries improves in a decade and more employment among females improved significantly in 10 years.


More Resources for IELTS Graph Writing:

Useful Vocabularies and Phrases for Graph Writing

IELTS Bar/Column Graphs

Recent IELTS Graph samples with answers


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.34 (31 Votes)

Abdul Rehman
The bar chart clearly depicts the employment rates of males and females in the years 1995 and 2005 across six different countries.

From the stats provided, we can understand that employment conditions improved in 2005 as compared to 1995. Moreover, male employment percentages in those countries were higher than women employment.

In detail, about 55% of males were employed in Australia in 1995 which rose to about 70% a decade later. In this country, just below 30% of females had jobs in 1995 which increased by 10 to 11 per cent in ten years. Among those countries, Iceland's employment situation for males was the best. This country was in the top position in providing better job facilities to men (almost 85% in 2005). Contrary to that, it was the best for women in Switzerland, where over 50% of women were employed in 2005. In the UK, New Zealand and the USA, the male employment percentage stood around 70% in 2005 and among these three countries, NewZealand had the least ratio of female employees- which was approximately 25% whereas it was slightly over 50% in the UK and 45% in the USA.

Please correct the mistakes in sample answers 1 and 2.
The column graph compares the employment rates of both men and women expressed in percentage in six countries over a ten-year period, from 1995 to 2005.

Overall, regardless of gender, the employment rates increased over a period of ten years. Interestingly, the male population exceeded their female counterpart back in 1995 when it came to their employment percentage, and that trend remained almost the same after ten years in all six countries mentioned.

In further details, among the male population back in 1995, only the male in Iceland managed to reach 70% employment rates. However, the percentages of employment among men in Australia, Switzerland, New Zealand and the USA were also close to it, and no country had a male employment rate below 50%. For the women, on the other hand, Switzerland was the sole country to reach a little higher than 50% employment rate, while the UK managed to be at exactly 50%. With New Zealand, having the least percentage at only slightly above 20% at that time, which was just a little bit lower than Australian women's employment rate.

After a decade, Iceland still claimed the highest percentage of jobs among men as it managed to cross more than 80% mark. And just like the trend 10 years ago, the other 5 countries were not much behind, especially Switzerland, that reaching almost 80% when it came to male employment. The case was almost the same among women, as Switzerland got the highest percentage as it almost reached 70% female job rate. While Australia and New Zealand had been consistent to be the two countries with the lowest employment rate among women, but this time, New Zealand surpassed Australia which was around 40%.

Ameer Oudah
Hello, I think there are a lot of mistakes in answer 1, especially for females employment rates in 2005. Please check the percentages. Thank you for this great website.
Princess Bebora
Hi IELTS Mentor, don't you think the usage of between in your summary should be followed by and? Here is the copy and paste from your graph summary: It is evident that employment rates for males were between 55% to 70% in 1995 while it was between 28% to 57% for women. Your reply is appreciated. Thank you!
Harman Deep Kaur
It is a very nice topic.
How did you reach to this percentage? How did you get it? What kind of stat did you use?
The bar chart demonstrates the male and female employment ratio in 6 selected countries in 1995 and 2005. Overall, an evident increase in employment rates was seen in all six countries for the given period. Furthermore, the proportion of male and female workers remained almost the same as well, with men providing higher rates.Firstly, Iceland remained in the top position in terms of male job rates, with was around 71% in 1995 to around 82% in 2005. Furthermore, the UK's male employment percentages showed a significant increase, from being the lowest in 1995 with only 55% to 72% in 2005; to overpassing Australia with around 68%. The proportions remained the same among all the countries, as well as men dominance at the employment market, which was around 70% in all 6 countries.In 1995, the lowest job rate among women was in New Zealand (25%) but it jumped dramatically to about 41% in 2005. However, the numbers were still low compared to Switzerland which reached a peak in 2005 with 65%, but on the other hand was still 10% less than men rates in 2005.
The bar chart compares employed males and females in 6 different countries - Australia, Switzerland, Iceland, New Zealand and the USA and UK in two different years. As a whole, male employment ratio had always been higher than that of women in all these countries though, in 2005, women employment scenario improved significantly.According to the given illustration, over 70% and 80% men were service holders in 1995 and 2005 respectively. Males had the highest employment rate among the given countries in 1995. Women were employed approximately half than that of males in 1995. After a decade, women were still 30% less employed than men, despite a remarkable improvement.Comparing Australia and New Zealand, a very similar trend could be observed. There was a 30% gap between men and women workers in 1995 and the data in 2005 illustrated the same difference with around 70% jobs for men and around 40% for women.In contrast, women made a striking progress in the USA, UK and Switzerland in terms of their jobs. Women reduced the gap in these three countries from about 5% to 10% in 10 years.
Meet Parikh
The bar graph illustrates the information of employment rates for the year 1995 and 2005 of six countries namely Australia, Switzerland, Iceland, UK, New Zealand and the USA, on the basis of gender and their employment rate. It is noticeable that there was significant improvement in employment rates of women in 2005 as compared to 1995, but still, they were lagging behind in employment rate as compared to men.The employment rate particularly for males for the year 1995, was highest in Iceland nearly 70 which increased to 80 over a 10 year period. A gradual increment was seen in other countries and by 2005 all the countries had reached an employment rate of almost 70. A great increment was seen in the UK from 55 to approximately 75.In 1995, the highest employment rate among women was in Switzerland that is 55, followed by the UK, 50. Rest all the countries had below 50 employment rate with lowest in Australia and New Zealand approximately 25. This rate increased in 2005. Among them the highest was still in Switzerland, followed by the UK and the USA having almost equal employment rate, 60 while the rate was below 60 for the remaining countries.In conclusion, men had higher employment rates compared to women and more women appeared to enter the market than the past.
Emil Goyushzade
The bar chart illustrates the percentage of employments for both genders over the six different countries during a decade. It is clear that the highest figure for all countries was represented by male and among them Iceland was leader in1995 and 2005. According to the bar chart in Iceland there was a significant increase in the proportion of male workers with the pattern rising from 70% to just over 80%. The figures for women were the same but the relevant figures were lower. When it comes to the second the highest share, it was Switzerland. There was a gradual development in the percentage of men employees where the pattern climbed from 65% to a bit under 80%. This was closely followed by female while the suitable figures were a bit lower. Turning to Australia, during the decade the proportion of male employees increased sharply from about 68% to a just under 70%. We can see the same improvement in female where the share recovered from 28% to approximately 40%. Looking at the UK, between 1995 and 2005 there was an abrupt improvement with the pattern going up from 55% to a bit over 70%. This was nearly followed by opposite gender which the figure developed from 50% to 62%. Coming to the USA, in 2005 the percentage of men were represented at approximately 70%. This was closely followed by women at 60%. In 1995, 60% were made up by the male workers, while the figure for female at 45%.Finally, from 1995 to 2005 there was an abrupt improvement in the percentage of women workers whereas their proportion in workforce went up from 25% to 40%. We can also see a dramatic increase among males with the figure climbing from 60% to a bit over 70%.
The given chart depicts the changes in employment rates between male and female through 10 years, from 1995 and 2005 in 6 different countries. As is provided as a census of perusal in the presented illustration, Iceland male had the most employment ratio among other spheres in 1995 and 2005 with 71 % and 83% respectively and Switzerland had this position for female with 56% and 68% respectively in 1995 and 2005. In all countries, the male had more employment proportion than female but figure illustrates New Zealand, Iceland and Australia had the most gap between men and women proportion in 1995 and 2005 with more than 30%. Also in the USA male and female had 59 and 45 percent in 1995 and 71 and 61 percent in 2005 respectively. Also, UK had the lowest percentage of employment for the male in 1995 with 55%.In summary, in all regions employment rates for both genders, increased from 1995 to 2005 in all sections and unemployment among women was more than men.
Ricky Setiawan
The supplied bar graph depicts data on the employment rates in six countries in one decade, from 1995 to 2005. The x-axis represents the countries, which are Australia, Switzerland, Iceland, UK, New Zealand, and the USA. Each category is then divided by year and by gender. While the y-axis represents the unemployment rates.The graph shows an obvious trend in which men had significantly higher rates of employment compared to women. The highest percentage of working men were in Iceland, while the lowest employment rates happened to be in Australia, both in 1995 and 2005. Whereas in the case of female jobs, Switzerland held the top rank while the most bottom rank was held by Australia. Another trend that can be seen is an obvious increase in professional opportunities both for men and women in the later year. A huge leap of male employment rate happened in the UK, while for women, it was New Zealand.In summary, job opportunities in these countries enhanced in ten years and men were ahead of women in employment.