Graph Writing # 117 - The chart shows the division of household tasks by gender in Great Britain
- Last Updated: Tuesday, 28 July 2020 12:34
- Written by IELTS Mentor
- Hits: 154164
IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph:
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart shows the division of household tasks by gender in Great Britain.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» Write at least 150 words.
The provided graph gives information on the time spent by male and female on household works in Great Britain. As is observed from the graph, female spent more time cooking, cleaning, clothing and child rearing while male spent more time on gardening and odd jobs.
According to the graph, female spend more than 200 minutes per day on household works while male spend about 140 minutes per day on those short of household jobs in Great Britain. On an average, female works more on household tasks like cooking, baking, cleaning, washing, house tidying, child caring and sewing. For those short of jobs, women work almost 3 times than the men do. On the contrary, male work more on gardening, pet care, odd job maintaining more than women do and they spend the highest amount of time on gardening and pet caring while the female work their highest amount of time on cooking, cleaning and washing.
In conclusion, female work significantly more than men on household works like cooking, washing, cleaning and child nurturing while men spend their majority of time on household works like gardening, pet caring and odd jobs compared to the time they spend on household tasks.
(Approximately 199 words)
It is clear from the chart that women are more likely to spend a large duration of time in four of the six household works. Therefore, household tasks, except for gardening and pet care, continue to be women-dominated work.
In detail, women made up a particularly large proportion of cooking, baking, and washing up tasks. Women spend four times more than men in cooking and washing-related jobs. There is a similar difference in cleaning and tidying the house. Almost 60 minutes of tidying tasks are mostly done by women per day. Men and women also have a striking difference in the amount of time in Gardening and pet care. Men held a large amount of time for Gardening and pet caring. This situation is smartly one-sided in caring for and playing with children. More than two times the amount is carried out by women in this case. Men are more likely to conduct maintenance jobs while women take part in the duty of clothes-related household work.
According to the bar graph, females in Great Britain do more household tasks than that of males, and males take care of odd jobs, gardening and pets more than they do other household tasks compared to women.
On average a male spends only 30 minutes each day for cooking, baking and washing while this time for women in Great Britain is about 74 minutes per day. In the case of house cleaning, women work for 58 minutes compared to 13 minutes by men. Men spent the least amount of time for washing, ironing and sewing clothes which was only 2 minutes per day compared to 25 minutes spent by a woman. Childcare task is also mainly done by female and they spend more than double time (45 minutes) than the time spent by males.
Males spend more time than female in case of gardening, pet caring and maintaining odd jobs. For these, men spend about 50 minutes and 36 minutes per day compared to only 21 minutes and about 10 minutes per day by a woman respectively. Children spend most of their time playing games and gardening activities. While men spend their time mostly on jobs or taking care of their pets and gardening.
Generally speaking, it is obviously seen that women spend more time than men in cooking, cleaning the house, looking after the children and clothes washing. However, men are more interested in gardening, pet care, and odd jobs.
As a starting point, regarding cooking, baking and washing women spend one hour and 14 minutes a day while men spend half an hour on the same tasks. When it comes to cleaning, tidying the house, we can see that women still allocate far more time (almost an hour a day) compared to just 13 minutes for men. Now regarding the garden work, caring for pets, and odd maintenance work, men like to engage more and spend more time doing such work. When men spend around 76 minutes doing such works, females manage to spend just half an hour for those works. Finally, men do almost no washing, ironing and sewing jobs at home while females spend 25 minutes a day to complete such tasks.
Generally speaking, females in Britain spent more time than males in almost all household works except for gardening, pet care and maintenance works.
As the data suggests, the highest percentage of time is occupied in the kitchen by the ladies (74 minutes) compared to the 30 minutes spent by the gents. The second most time-consuming work is keeping the house clean and tidy, for which females give 58 minutes daily. On the contrary, males spend only 13 minutes on this task.
However, males utilise the maximum time, almost 50 minutes, for pet care and gardening. Regarding the children's care, women are found to be working twice as much time as men. Moreover, for washing, ironing and sewing clothes, males give the least preference but females spend 25 minutes for it. On average, females spend approximately 4 hours in a day for household tasks, while males spend less than 2.5 hours daily on household tasks.
It can be seen that there is a huge disparity between the amount of time spent by male and female on different household activities and females spend considerably more time on domestic chores.
As the illustration describes, cooking and washing are mostly done by the British females and they spend around 74 minutes per day for that activity, in contrast to British males spending only 30 minutes. A similar trend is observed in house cleaning for which females spend a lot more time than males do. Females also spend more time taking care of their children (45 minutes), whereas males dedicate 20 minutes per day only to do that task. The washing, sewing, ironing and household odd jobs are mostly taken cared for by the British women. The household activities like gardening and pet caring show an opposite trend which is mostly done by the males. Interestingly, a male in Great Britain spends about 50 minutes per day for these two activities while it is only 21 minutes for a British woman. From the given information it can be concluded that females dedicate more time to take care of household work than males do in Great Britain.