Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 48 - Estimated oil production capacity for several Gulf countries

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph shows estimated oil production capacity for several Gulf countries between 1990 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.

                      Oil Production Capacity, millions of barrels per day (estimated)

Oil production capacity, Gulf countries between 1990 and 2010

[Figure: Millions of Barrels per day]

Sample Answer 1:
The column graph compares the probable oil production capability of six Gulf countries from 1990 to 2010. Overall, Saudi Arabi was the leading oil generating country in the given periods and its production ability increased faster than the remaining five other countries.

Now turning to the details, the estimated oil making capability in Iran in 1990 was around 3 million barrels each day which reached to 4 million after 15 years and finally in 2010, the oil generating in Iran slightly improved. Iraq’s oil generating capability was slightly lower than that or Iran and oil stock in this country in 1990 was roughly 2 billion barrels per day and it almost doubled in 2010. Kuwait, on the other hand, produced less than 2 billion barrels of oil daily and their production amount stool at approximately 3.5 million in 2010. Qatar, throughout the decades, produced the lowest oil per day which accounted for roughly 0.5 million barrels each day and after two decades, its production level remained at the same level. Oil generation per day in the United Arab Emirates showed a similar pattern that of Iraq and its production per day reached to nearly 4 million barrels in 2010. Finally, Saudi Arabia’s oil generating level was the highest and significantly higher than that of other countries. In 1990, it produced over 8 million barrel per day which was approximately four times higher than that of other countries. This daily production soared to well over 14 million barrel which is more than 3 times and this was marginally the same of the cumulative oil production of other five Gulf countries.          

[Written by - Jonathon]

Sample Answer 2:
The given illustration compares oil production capacity of several Gulf countries namely Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE starting from 1990 and gives projection till the year 2010.

As is presented in the column graph, Saudi Arabia has the highest capacity of oil production and the oil production capability is increasing for all the Gulf countries.

Initially, in 1990, Iraq & the UAE produced over 2 million barrels of oil per day whereas the production for Iran was 3 and for Kuwait and Qatar were less than 2 million Barrels. Saudi Arabia was the highest oil producing country that produced more than 8 million barrels of oil daily in 1990.After 10 years, in 2000, the oil; production increased for all the countries except UAE, where the production was same as it was 10 years earlier. The trends of more oil production remained same in all the countries in 2005 except in Qatar. And finally in 2010, it is expected for Iran to produce more than 4 million barrels of oil daily, for Iraq, Kuwait & UAE the expected production is nearly 4 million barrels. Saudi Arabia will produce much more oil than other Gulf countries as it did for all the mentioned years and this projection is almost 15 millions of barrels per day.      

(Approximately 214 words)   

(This model answer can be followed as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)

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+1 # Rabia 2017-02-27 10:48
The illustration elucidates the oil producing capacity of six gulf countries over a period of 20 years commencing from 1990. A glance at the graph reveals that Saudi Arabia was the leading oil generating country and the production in Iran, the UAE and Iraq were almost at the same level followed by Kuwait and Qatar.

Turning to the details, in 1990, KSA's oil generating capacity was over 8 millions of barrels per day whereas a great deal of difference could be observed with the oil producing capacity of the remaining countries as Iran, Iraq, Quwait and the UAE produced nearly 3, 2, 1.5 and 2.5 millions of barrels per day respectively. Qatar was well below in its daily production and hit the capacity merely at about 0.5 millions of barrels per day. Similarly, in 2000, the same situation prevailed and KSA remained at the top (with an increase in the capacity as compared to what it was previously). In this year, Qatar's oil making capability did not make a noticeable change. For the year 2010, again a massive growth in oil-producing capacity was recorded for KSA and it was about 14.5 million barrels per day. Iran, Iraq, Kuwait and the UAE also made an improvement in output with the capacity of 4.5, 3.9, 3.7 and 3.8 millions of barrels a day respectively. Again Qatar remained at the lowest level with a little increase in the capacity.
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