Graph Writing # 130 - The environmental issues raised by a product

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Process Diagram:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below shows the environmental issues raised by a product over its lifecycle.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Environmental issues raised by a product over its life cycle


Model Answer 1:
The given diagram depicts the lifecycle of a product and the consequences due to its manufacturing. Generally speaking, most of the seven phases of production have a direct effect on the environment.

As is observed, the first step in the product manufacturing is planning and designing according to the needs. Then, the manufacturer starts to put the materials into action by consuming the required substances and energy resources, which lead to the third phase - production. It is clearly seen that these two steps have a direct impact on the environment. After that, the product undergoes packaging and distribution to shops and markets. Then, the product is sold to the consumers. Noting that packaging and sales might include adding covers on the product and using bags for selling it, which surely have a negative effect on the environment. Furthermore, after the product is consumed by the customers, it will have two possible destinations, disposing or recycling. Of course, disposing of the product makes it a burden to the environment while recycling it reduces the amount of the materials required for production. Finally, feedbacks are collected to help the designers in their upcoming plans.

[Author - Mo Alaa]


Sample Answer 2:
The diagram illustrates environmental issues created by a consumer product during its lifecycle. It can be clearly seen that there are seven steps in the product manufacturing process, beginning with planning and design and culminating in recycling and these steps have negative consequences to the environment.

To begin with, the product manufacturing begins with the planning and design. Once it is complete, the next step, consumption of materials and energy resources, takes place which is followed by manufacturing of the product. These two steps consume natural resource and emit waste and CO2 which is detrimental to the environment.

Afterwards, the products are packed, distributed and offered in retail outlets. The products are unquestionably used by customers who either dispose the product or recycle it. Disposal of products seriously harms the environment. However, recycling of the product reduces negative impacts on the ecosystem. Moreover, customers provide feedback in order to improve the product planning.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.33 (38 Votes)

Dennis Victor
I don't see the part of the diagram which shows negative impacts on the environment. Can someone highlight that part in the diagram, please?
The consumption of materials and energy resources are in the second step.
Yeah, that is my question. There is no detrimental effect on the environment in diagrams.
Amr Wady
Thank you for sharing it with us. :)
Amr Wady
Thank you for sharing this diagram with us. :)
The diagram shows various processes ensuing environmental ramifications over the course of manufacturing a product down to its distribution.

Overall, the type of product, manufacturing procedures and consumer awareness are the most crucial aspects in any enterprise as they shape the level of impact to the environment.

This scenario involves seven stages at which the second (Consumption of Materials and Use of Energy Resources) accounts the most toll on the environment due to the destructive nature of the operation to natural habitat. The stages that follow namely Production, Packaging and Distribution also bring environmental repercussions as they do require the use of raw materials and resources for product conversion and in making them viable for market release. How consumers use and what the product is for could also have a potential impact on the environment. It is also possible that these products will not be subjected to recycling nor be given feedback by end-users to improve the quality and mitigate the harmful effects they bring to the natural ecosystem.