Graph Writing # 184 - Percentage of personal income for selected countries

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Table:

» You are advised to spend about  20 minutes on this task.

The table below shows personal saving as a percentage of personal income for selected countries in 1970, 1990 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.


































Sample Answer:
The table data gives information on the percentages of savings from the personal income of people in seven different countries in three different years - 1990, 2000 and 2010. As is obvious, Japanse, French and  Italian citizens amassed the highest percentages of their income and the savings percentages decreased over the time.

Now, turning back to the details, the percentages of income devoted to savings by the people in these countries considerably decreased in 2010 compared to that of 1990 except in the UK. The highest savings were done by the Italians in 1990 and the percentage of their savings was almost 30 which reduced to only about 17 percent in 2000 and 11.4 in 2010. French and Japanese also saved over 17% of their income in 1990 which became 13.6% after 20 years for both of these citizens. Interestingly, Canada in the only country where people managed to almost double their savings in 2000 than that of ten years earlier but after further ten years, their savings ration became very little and lower than the savings of people in any other country. Compared to the savings ratio in 2000, only French Japanese and British had been able to save more in 2010 and in the remaining countries, people's individual savings in terms of their income plunged.

[Written by - Bella]

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Nguyen Thuong Vu
The provided table shows what proportion of money people in six different countries saved from their personal income in 1990, 2000 and 2010.

Generally speaking, the savings proportion decreased throughout the year, with the exception of the United Kingdom. And Americans saved the least during this period.

In detail, Italians initially managed to spare almost 30 percent of their income for savings but this figure dropped to 17.6 in 2000 and 11.4 ten years later. Apart from Italy, the savings of the remaining countries in 1990 were below one-fifth. People from both France and Japan saved 13.6% of their income in the year 2010.

It is also worth noticing that after 20 years, the proportion of saving made by Americans became only half than the previous period, representing exactly four percent only. Conversely, this figure in the United Kingdom soared to 11.4% despite a decrease to 8.2% in 2000. The most noticeable change came in Canada between 2000 and 2010 as its saving dropped to below two percent after having been as high as 11.5%.

The presentation intends to provide information on savings made in seven countries. The table shows data collected in 1990, 2000 and 2010.

Initially, the working population in Italy were able to save the most from their personal income. However, it can be seen that France and Japan were at par in terms of savings in 2010.

In 1990, the working Italians, French, Japanese and Germans made savings at 29.5%, 18.7%, 17.6% and 13.8% respectively. However, in the same year countries like the UK, USA and Canada could only put aside less than 10% of their personal income as savings. In 2000, Italy observed a steep drop of roughly 12% while Canada observed an increase of approximately 6% in the amount saved. On the other hand, while Germany maintained stability, the other countries observed a fall in savings. In 2010, Canada, Germany, Italy and USA noted a drop in the savings trends with Canada showing a severe fallback by 9.6% as compared to 2000. Both France and Japan were at par while the UK showed a noticeable uptrend in savings at 11.1%.

The table illustrates how much people saved from their income in seven countries, such as Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, considering the years 1970, 1990, and 2010.

Overall, almost in all of these countries, the amount of personal savings significantly declined over time.

There was rises and falls, but only in the UK, this number grew considering 1970 to 2010, from 9.2% to 11.1%. While the Japanese percentage fell from 17.6% in 1970 to 12.1% in 1990 but it had a positive jump reaching 13.6% in 2010.

American, French and German citizens were able to save less on the entire period, the proportion dropped from 8.2% to 4.0%, 18.7% to 13.6%, and 13.8% to 11.8% respectively. In Italy and Canada, there was a dramatic drop in the portion of saved money. In 1970, Italians saved impressively 29.5%, the highest ratio of all, but sharply it went down to 17.6% in 1990 and even less in 2010, 11.4% only. In addition, Canadians used to save just 5.6% in 1970, this number had a large increase and almost doubled in 2010, but for some reason, only 1.9% of earnings were intended for savings in 2010, the lowest figure of all countries.