IELTS graph 276 - Water consumption for Americans in their homes

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Bar Chart/ Column Graph:

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the daily water consumption for Americans in their homes.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Daily water consumption for Americans in their homes

Model Answer:
The illustration presents data on the daily water usage by an American for different purposes. The water consumption is measured in gallon per day and is compared considering whether the conservation method is used or not. It is obvious that water conservation saves a great deal of water and the highest water Americans consume for flushing toilets, washing clothes and taking showers.

According to the bar chart, An American consumes 19 gallons of water for flushing toilets and this outgo is reduced to half of that if the water is conserved. An American use 15 gallons water to clean clothes using a washing machine and this is reduced by 4 gallons through the conservation techniques. Interestingly, the same amount of water is needed for using faucets regardless of the conservation method and this quantity is 11 gallons. Leaks waste 10 gallons water a day and the least water use could be observed for washing dishes in dishwashers. Moreover, an American consume 13 gallons of water to take a shower and this is even higher than the water required for using faucets. It is interesting to notice that an American can save around 20 gallons of water if the conservation method is in place.


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Nguyen Thuong Vu
The given bar chart displays the daily usage of water of an average American household for seven different purposes. The data is measured in gallons and there are comparisons regarding conservation methods.

Overall, four out of seven activities show the effectiveness of the methods. Furthermore, flushing toilet uses up the largest amount of water. More specific information will be summarized below.

As mentioned, with 19 gallons of water each day, flushing toilet stands on the top of the list. This figure is greatly reduced to 10 gallons with the usage of conservation methods. Another look at the diagram suggests that bathing and washing machines can reduce 3 to 4 gallons every day, from 13 and 15 gallons to 10 and 11 respectively. Leaks see a more significant decrease if the techniques are used, as they turn out to waste only half as much. Interestingly, the three other activities witness no changes regardless of the usage of conservation methods. Faucets use up 11 gallons each day, 11 times the figure of dishwashers and 5.5 times the water for other uses.