IELTS graph 324 - The diagram shows the process for recycling plastic bottles
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Diagram/ Process Diagram:
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The diagram below shows the process for recycling plastic bottles.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Model Answer 1:
The diagram illustrates the plastic bottle recycling process.
Overall, the recycling of plastic bottles has nine steps starting from placing the bottles in the designated bins to the producing end-consumer products like bags, t-shirts and pencils - which would be recycled again once they are used.
As the illustration depicts, the first step of recycling plastic bottles begins with people placing them in specified recycle bins. Next, those bottles are collected and transported to recycling centres where workers sort out recyclable plastic bottles from others. Selected bottles are then compressed and converted into large blocks which are, afterwards, sent through crushing machines. The crushing process produces small pieces which are then washed before feeding them into a machine to make plastic pellets. In the next step, heat is applied to the pellets which ultimately form the raw materials for producing different plastic-made consumer goods. Next, the raw materials are refined and rolled which is used to manufacture end products like t-shirts, pens, plastic bottles, containers, and so on. To reiterate the recycling process, the end products are placed in the designated bins once they get torn out or used. It keeps the plastic recycling process keep going.
Overall, the plastic recycling process is based entirely on the nine major steps through which the recycling takes place.
In detail, the first few steps included the common processes that require manual work such as separating the plastic bottles from the other wastes, which can be observed till the third step, 'recycling Centre: sorting'. In this step, the plastic bottles are separated at the waste disposal centres, and all the bottles then undergo the fourth step, in which they are compressed into blocks.
And then the fifth step involves the compressed blocks to breakdown into smaller particles, which is carried out by the process of crushing, the smaller particles are intended to be washed and then reach the next step where they are produced as plastic pellets and will undergo heating so as to produce the raw material. This produced final material is used to prepare various goods such as bottles, containers, clothes, bags and stationaries which will further become garbage after utilizing them.
As we can see in the diagram, the recycling plastic bottle process takes nine steps - beginning with bottles from the bins and ending with end products for use in our day-to-day life, such as bags, t-shirts and other things.
As the process shows, the first step is putting bottles in the bins after using it by people. Then these bottles are taken by workers and moved by cars to recycling centres where workers sort these bottles and compress them into blocks. The next step is crushing the bottles with machines. And then the crushed bottles are washed and transformed into plastic pellets. Those pellets are then turned into raw materials by exposing them to heat. Later on, the raw materials are modified and used to manufacture new products such as bags, pencils, books and other things. And again and again, customers use those products and the recycling bottles process continues as it began.
As the process shows, the first step depicts the plastic bottles being thrown away in the bins where special trucks collect them to transfer them to the recycling centre. This is followed by the second step in which the trucks pick up the bottles. Then, the bottles are sorted out manually in the centre, before they undergo the fourth stage in which stage the bottles are compressed into blocks.
Moreover, the next stage, the fifth, describes how the blocks are crushed with a special machine. Afterwards, the crushed pieces are washed to produce plastic pallets in a machine, which is done in the sixth stage. The pallets are then heated to form raw material after they have come out of the machine. In the eighth step, the raw material is made and then used to produce end products which are recyclable, such as t-shirts, pencils, bottles and bags at the end of the process.
Note: Who can evaluate this essay? Please do it honestly and correctly.
The response effectively addresses the task and provides a clear overview of the recycling process, including the 9 stages. The key features are accurately described.
Estimated score: 7
Coherence and Cohesion:
The response is well-organized and the information flows logically from one stage to another. There is a good use of linking words and phrases to connect the stages and ideas.
Estimated score: 7
Lexical Resource (Vocabulary):
The vocabulary used in the response is appropriate and conveys the meaning accurately. There is a range of vocabulary related to the recycling process. Some specialized vocabulary is used, such as "recycling centre" and "plastic pallets."
Estimated score: 7
Grammatical Range and Accuracy:
The grammatical structures are generally accurate, and there is a mix of sentence structures used. However, there could be some improvement in sentence variety and complexity.
Estimated score: 6.5
In the first stage, users are advised to throw plastic in designated recycle bins. These are then collected and transported to recycling centres in trucks. Afterwards, workers manually sort these bottles from other garbages into boxes. Following this, boxes of plastic are compressed into huge blocks which are then crushed by rotating wheels and the resulting pieces are washed to remove dirt and contaminants from them.
In the next stage, the plastic pieces are fed into a machine that generates pellets. Afterwards, these pellets are heated to form raw materials for the production of plastic bottles, pencils and clothing in the final process. Through these steps, the plastic bottles and other plastic-made materials are recycled to reuse them.
Overall, this process involves nine steps - from the collection of used plastic to the manufacturing of recycled products.
To begin with the process, plastic bottles and other plastic-made materials are placed in recycling bins by users of those products. Those are then collected and transported to a factory using trucks, where the process of sorting happens manually, and the items are separated on the basis of recyclability. At this stage, the recyclable units are compressed into huge blocks. And then, these blocks are crushed using metallic rollers into a tank filled with water to clean the dirt and contaminants from the materials.
These crushed crystals are then sent into a machine in order to produce small plastic pellets which are heated to form the raw materials. This raw material is then used for the production of plastic-made end products like clothes, bottles, recycled bags and containers, boxes etc. Once those products are used and placed in recycling bins by consumers, the whole process reiterates.
Overall, it is clear that this process is lengthy and cyclical, and it is helpful in producing various different types of products from discarded plastic bottles.
Firstly, the recycling process begins with the consumers putting plastic bottles and other used plastic goods in the designated recycle bins. Those plastic bottles are then collected by garbage vans. Then the bottles are taken to the recycling centres and are sorted in order to find out which plastic goods could be recycled. Afterwards, the bottles are compressed into blocks, and then, they are crushed to be transformed into pieces.
Next, the pieces are washed in a container, then the plastic pellets are produced. After that, the pellets are heated to form raw materials. It is stacked into some big packets and stored in a place fitted with ropes on the wooden platform. Finally, it is modified to make numerous types of products like bottles, food storage boxes, shirts and also bags which are useful for carrying some things.
Overall, the steps begin with placing recyclable plastic bottles in the designated bins by users and end with converting them into raw materials and finally making usable products like t-shirts, bottles, bags and pencils and pens.
Firstly, the process of plastic bottle recycling starts with the placing of used plastic-made goods in designated bins by consumers. It is then picked up by garbage trucks and then taken to recycling centres. In such recycling centres, workers sort out plastic bottles from other garbages and they are converted into blocks. To make those blocks, compression is used. In step five, crushing machines crush the plastic blocks and convert them into small pieces. These pieces are washed and then cleaned to be put into a machine to produce pellets of plastics. Those pellets of plastic are fine pieces and are heated in step seven to produce raw materials. In the next step, the raw materials are stacked and packed which are then used to make plastic goods like pens and pencils, bags, bottles, boxes, t-shirts and so on. Once, those products end their use-life, they could be further recycled to reiterate the recycling process.
The illustration presents the procedure of recycling plastic bottles.
Generally, recycling is a man-made process which has nine cyclical steps, starting with the disposal of plastic bottles in the proper garbage bin and ending with the production of materials made from the thrown plastic containers.
As mentioned, the first step of recycling is the correct disposal of plastic bottles in the designated waste bin for recyclable materials. Next, the recycle bin is collected to be transported to the recycling centre for sorting.
Once the segregation is done, the following stage is the compression of the plastic bottles which results in the formation of plastic blocks. The plastic cubes are then crushed and washed, which, in turn, produces plastic pellets. Subsequently, the pellets are heated to make a raw material that is used for the manufacturing of recycled products like shirts, pens, containers etc. And the process can begin again once the plastic bottles are used and disposed of.
Overall, this graph has nine steps: starting with placing the plastic bottles into the basket and ending with producing recyclable products like bags, T-shirts, Pencils, and lunch boxes.
As the graph shows, the cycling process has a total of 9 steps. In the first step, people place plastic bottles into the recycling bin. Then, the truck comes to collect this recyclable materials and transport them to the recycle centre. There, workers distinguish the recyclable and non-recyclable waste and put them into the basket. The third process is to convert bottles into compressed blocks.
Afterwards, the blocks are sent to the crushing machine, and this machine crushes them into small pieces. These small pieces are converted into pellets by putting them into the machine. The next step is to convert pellets into raw materials. These raw materials help to produce recyclable goods such as bottles, lunch boxes, bags, and T-shirts. Thus the plastic’s recyclable process keeps going.
The diagram illustrates the step-by-step procedure of recycling plastic bottles. Among all the non-reusable materials, plastic is the one. But these days, in order to control pollution that occurs from plastic, recycling and reuse of plastic take place. One of the processes is that the used and thrown plastic waste undergoes 9 stages to convert into usable products.
To start the process, the very first step is to collect all the waste in order to arrange waste bins in public places. Then the collected waste needs to be transferred to a recycling centre and it will be done by using trucks. Once the workers receive the plastics, they start sorting the materials. Then they will be compressed into blocks to remove air and extra spaces among them. With the use of rolling blades, they are then converted into small pieces, once all the pieces are done washing, they will go through a machine which converts them into tiny pellets.
In order to form the raw materials, the pellets have to be exposed to heat. Later, the prepared raw material will be ready to make whatever product is needed such as bottles, shirts, pencils, carry bags, boxes and so on.