IELTS graph 324 - The diagram shows the process for recycling plastic bottles
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Diagram/ Process Diagram:
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The diagram below shows the process for recycling plastic bottles.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Model Answer 1:
The diagram illustrates the plastic bottle recycling process.
Overall, the recycling of plastic bottles has nine steps starting from placing the bottles in the designated bins to the producing end consumer products like bags, t-shirts and pencils - which would be recycled again once they are used.
As the illustration depicts, the first step of recycling plastic bottles begins with people placing them in specified recycle bins. Next, those bottles are collected and transported to recycling centres where workers sort out recyclable plastic bottles from others. Selected bottles are then compressed and converted into large blocks which are, afterwards, sent through crushing machines. The crushing process produces small pieces which are then washed before feeding them into a machine to make plastic pellets.In the next step, heat is applied to the pellets which ultimately form the raw materials for producing different plastic-made consumer goods. Next, the raw materials are refined and rolled which is used to manufacture end products like t-shirts, pens, plastic bottles, containers, and so on. To reiterate the recycling process, the end products are placed in the designated bins once they get torn out or used. It keeps the plastic recycling process keep going.
Overall, the steps begin with placing recyclable plastic bottles in the designated bins by users and end with converting them into raw materials and finally making usable products like t-shirts, bottles, bags and pencils and pens.
Firstly, the process of plastic bottle recycling starts with the placing of used plastic-made goods in designated bins by consumers. It is then picked up by garbage trucks and then taken to recycling centres. In such recycling centres, workers sort out plastic bottles from other garbages and they are converted into blocks. To make those blocks, compression is used. In step five, crushing machines crush the plastic blocks and convert them into small pieces. These pieces are washed and then cleaned to be put into a machine to produce pellets of plastics. Those pellets of plastic are fine pieces and are heated in step seven to produce raw materials. In the next step, the raw materials are stacked and packed which are then used to make plastic goods like pens and pencils, bags, bottles, boxes, t-shirts and so on. Once, those products end their use-life, they could be further recycled to reiterate the recycling process.
The illustration presents the procedure of recycling plastic bottles.
Generally, recycling is a man-made process which has nine cyclical steps, starting with the disposal of plastic bottles in the proper garbage bin and ending with the production of materials made from the thrown plastic containers.
As mentioned, the first step of recycling is the correct disposal of plastic bottles in the designated waste bin for recyclable materials. Next, the recycle bin is collected to be transported to the recycling centre for sorting.
Once the segregation is done, the following stage is the compression of the plastic bottles which results in the formation of plastic blocks. The plastic cubes are then crushed and washed, which, in turn, produces plastic pellets. Subsequently, the pellets are heated to make a raw material that is used for the manufacturing of recycled products like shirts, pens, containers etc. And the process can begin again once the plastic bottles are used and disposed of.
Overall, this graph has nine steps: starting with placing the plastic bottles into the basket and ending with producing recyclable products like bags, T-shirts, Pencils, and lunch boxes.
As the graph shows, the cycling process has a total of 9 steps. In the first step, people place plastic bottles into the recycling bin. Then, the truck comes to collect this recyclable materials and transport them to the recycle centre. There, workers distinguish the recyclable and non-recyclable waste and put them into the basket. The third process is to convert bottles into compressed blocks.
Afterwards, the blocks are sent to the crushing machine, and this machine crushes them into small pieces. These small pieces are converted into pellets by putting them into the machine. The next step is to convert pellets into raw materials. These raw materials help to produce recyclable goods such as bottles, lunch boxes, bags, and T-shirts. Thus the plastic’s recyclable process keeps going.
The diagram illustrates the step-by-step procedure of recycling plastic bottles. Among all the non-reusable materials, plastic is the one. But these days, in order to control pollution that occurs from plastic, recycling and reuse of plastic take place. One of the processes is that the used and thrown plastic waste undergoes 9 stages to convert into usable products.
To start the process, the very first step is to collect all the waste in order to arrange waste bins in public places. Then the collected waste needs to be transferred to a recycling centre and it will be done by using trucks. Once the workers receive the plastics, they start sorting the materials. Then they will be compressed into blocks to remove air and extra spaces among them. With the use of rolling blades, they are then converted into small pieces, once all the pieces are done washing, they will go through a machine which converts them into tiny pellets.
In order to form the raw materials, the pellets have to be exposed to heat. Later, the prepared raw material will be ready to make whatever product is needed such as bottles, shirts, pencils, carry bags, boxes and so on.