## Graph Writing # 7 - Underground Station Passenger Numbers in London

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### IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Line Graph:

### The graph shows Underground Station passenger numbers in London.

**Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.**

**»** You should write at least 150 words.

**»** You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

**Model Answer 1:**

The given line graph shows data on the number of underground station passengers of London city from 6:00 am till 10:00 pm. As is observed from the graph, the highest number of people use the underground stations of London at 8:00 am and 6:00 pm.

At 6:00 am around 100 underground passengers can be found at the stations and this number increases seamlessly until 8:00 am when the passengers' number reaches to 400. After 8:00 am the number declines steadily until 10:00 am when it reaches around 180. The number keeps fluctuating until 4:00 pm and on an average 200 passengers can be observed during this period. After 4:00 pm the passenger number increases and reaches at 380 at around 6:00 pm. After 6:00 pm, the passenger number decreases with some fluctuations until 10:00 pm.

In summary, the highest number of passengers of London underground stations can be found in the stations during the office going and office leaving times in a day.

**Model Answer 2:**

The graph shows the number of passengers travelling at various times in an underground station in London. As per the chart, there are 400 passengers travelling at 8.00 am and this seems to be the time that the majority of the travelling takes place. This might be because people usually go to work or children to school at this time; hence, 8.00 am has the highest number of people using the underground station.

Moreover, the second highest numbers of travellers were, with a slightly less number than 8.00 am in the evening travel, at 18.00 having 390 travellers. Hence, the immediate justification would be as it is the time, people travelling back after work. However, it is noticeable that the least number of people use the underground at 4.00 pm and 6.00 am assuming it is the same type of people travelling back and forth at different times for starting work and finishing work. It is also observed that the number of people travelling (300) seems to happen frequently at different times during the day.

Overall, the time of the day that shows a high number of people using the underground station in London is at 8.00am and 6.00pm.

[ Written by - **Menu Anju** ]

**Sample Answer 3:**

The provided line graph shows information about the numbers of people who use the underground station in London around the clock of a typical day. As is observed from the graph, the busiest times at the underground station are 8:00 am and 6:00 pm.

The highest numbers of people use the station in the morning and more specifically at around 8:00 in the morning. A rapid growth can be observed between 6:00 am and 8:00 am in the morning when around 400 people use the station at around 7:30 am. This number then quickly drops to below 200 at around 10:00 am. Again this number rises between 11:00 and 3:00 pm when around 300 people use the underground station with some fluctuations.

In the afternoon, this number decline, with less than 100 people using the station at 4:00 pm. At 6:00 pm this number reaches at 380. After 7:00 pm, the total number of passengers declines significantly and fluctuates for the last two hours from 8:00 pm to 10:00 pm.

In summary, London underground station remains busy in the starting of the day at morning and in the early evening.

(Approximately 185 words)

( This model answer can be followed as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)

**Sample Answer 4:**

The line graph depicts the variation in the number of London subway passengers from 6 a.m. to 22 p.m. on a typical day. At a glance, the busiest time is 8 a.m. and 6 p.m.

To commence with, a large proportion of total people use underground railway facility at 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. which is about 400. From 6 a.m. to 8 a.m. the steep incline in the number of passengers from 100 to 400. In the next hour, it again plummets back into 175. Though there is a slight increase in the number of passengers, it remains the same that is almost 300 from 12.00 to 2.00 p.m. Then the total figure of travellers declines 100 from 300 within two hours. Interestingly, at morning (6 a.m.) and at 4 p.m. almost an equal number of people use underground transportations, which is 100. In spite of a small hike at 9 p.m., the underground system has an equal number of travellers at 20.00 and 22.00 hours.

To conclude, London underground station remains busy at office hours.

[ Written by - **Tony Jose** ]

**Model Answer 5:**

The provided graph depicts the number of people who use the London Underground station from 6:00 am to 10:00 pm on a typical day. It can be seen that the usage of the station varies at different periods of the day but mostly it remains busy at 8.00 am and at 6.00 pm.

At 6:00 am, the number of passengers at the station is very low with a total of 90 passengers. However, it firmly increases up 200 to 7:00 am at which point the traffic witnesses a drastic plunge reaching the busiest point of the day with 400 passengers. In a subsequent couple of hours, the rush relieves a little to reach 180 passengers at 10:00 am. The following two hours observe a humble rise which eventually reached at 280 when it, thereafter, creep to 300 from 12:00 to 14:00. From this moment, passenger arrival faces a major decline to the daily low point of less than 100 occurring at 16:00 while it plunges again to the second maximum of 380 at 18:00. For 18:00 to 20:00, traffic eases a little bit to around 130 and finally the remain hours encountering little fluctuation at 150.

[Written by - **Ki**]

**Sample Answer 6: **

The line graph illustrates how many passengers use the Underground Station from 6:00 to 22:00 in a day, in London. Overall, although there is a significant variation in the number of passengers throughout the period, the highest numbers are registered at 8:00 and 18:00.

As the graph indicates, at 6:00, a total of 100 people use the underground station. During the next 2 hours, there is a dramatic rise, with the numbers of travellers topping the charge at 8:00 with 400 passengers. The following 8 hours, is featured with fluctuations, and at 16:00 reaching the same level at the starting point (100 passengers). In two hours, a new substantial increase is seen accounting just below 400 passengers at 18:00. The next 4 hours is characterized by a reduction in the number, besides the discrete increase at 21:00 with just above 150 people and ending at 22:00 with roughly 150 users of the Underground Station.

[Written by - **Jackeline**]

Overall, the passengers are shown rather erratic, and the points when the station is packed are around 8:00 and 18:00, the moments people travel to work and home.

As shown in the graph, passengers increase drastically from 6 in the morning. After two hours at about 8:00, the station became crowded with 400 passengers reported reaching the nadir of the chart. However, people disperse quickly, leaving the station with under 200 people at about 10:00. From 10:00 to 14:00, the number of passengers grows consistently and gets less dramatic later in the afternoon. After that, the number experiences a plummet, plunging from 300 to exactly 100 at 16:00, equal to the starting point. Again, it bounces back immediately to almost 400 at around 18:00 when people are rushing home. After this point, the number of passengers drops significantly, the station is getting quieter. From 22:00 onwards, the passengers at the station continue to fluctuate, however with an insignificant vibration.

At a glance, we can see that the number of passengers is at the peak at 8 AM and 6 PM. According to the graph, the number of passengers fluctuates every hour. In the morning from 6 to 8, the rapid growth of passengers can be seen from 100 to 400, and then it sharply declines to 150 at 10 in the morning. By 2 PM the number of passengers rises gradually to 300 but shortly after two hours, it goes down to approximately 100 passengers. Again, at 6 PM about 400 tube users can be observed and most of them return home from work making it a busy time to travel. After this hour, the number of passengers slumps with slight fluctuations until 10 PM.

The London subway has the highest number of passengers using the tube during the peak times which are 8 in the morning and 6 in the evening.

As is observed, the underground station has two peak hours of which the initial one happens at 8:00 in the morning with the latter occurring in the early evening at 6:00 pm. Moreover, Overall, large variations of passenger load could be observed in the subway when people turn up for work and upon returning home.

During these times of the day, passenger flow reaches a close of 400 people. Semi-peak hours are also observed by the station from midday until early afternoon (12:00 pm to 2:00 pm) where the count of passengers is almost constant to 300. Conversely, the lowest point that travellers use the underground train occurs 2 hours before the initial and final peak hours - 6:00 am and 4:00 pm respectively. In these hours, no less than a hundred people prefer to use the subway. By the end of the day, the passenger load brings to a halt of no more than 150 as it finishes its operation.

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