IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 345 - The exploration and development of safe alternatives of fossil fuels

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

The exploration and development of safe alternatives to fossil fuels should be the most important global priority today.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer.

You should write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer 1:
Technological improvements affect our lives in tremendous ways. Each designed car model increase safety standard and reduce fuel requirement per mile. But, unfortunately, each created device affects nature atrociously because of fossil fuel usage. This essay is about possible opportunities of alternative energy and why it needs to be taken care of.

First of all, the main reason why the alternative energy is needed to be prioritised is global warming. It has become a serious concern in the world and the underlying reason for this happening is carbon dioxide emission. Reduction of this perilous emission of carbon dioxide could put us one step ahead and the easiest way to reach this goal is the use of alternative energy in our daily life for different reasons such as driving cars, flying planes and to run heaters.

Secondly, fossil fuel plants collect limited source which will be depleted eventually. Due to this fact, it is the most expensive energy source for today and will be in the future until its extinction. Also, anyone who wants to collect fuel should build expensive plants and as a result of this sector is controlled by big companies that are known as main subsidises and profiteers of wars. Furthermore, economic effects of fuel make world peace nearly impossible. Many wars erupt because of this material most people concern that "World War III" will strike because of it.

On the other hand, safe alternative energy receives its power from nature. Such as, hydropower plants, solar power farms and wind power tribunes. Because of these, possibilities of this limitless power are way too higher than fossil fuel. Also, anyone who wants to collect one of these powers only needs to build the corresponding facility on his area and if produced power is higher than his requirement he could even sell it to the government regarding the newly approved bill.

In conclusion, usage of this limitless power will definitely take a great part of our future and because of its possibilities, governments should pay more attention.

[by - Demir]


Sample Answer 2:
It is undeniable that the human kind is proliferating uncontrollably, by depleting natural resources and damaging our sole home, like bacteria do in the petri dish. Fossil fuels are, without any doubt, one of our biggest problems since they are the main reason for the air pollution and the hole in ozone layer. It has been suggested that safe alternatives should be explored and developed and  totally agree with this view.
With the advances in technology and globalisation, the need for mobility and fossil fuels in increased. Cars, buses, planes, ships; every link that connects us with the rest of the world consumes fossil fuels. As a result of this, air pollution has reached to unprecedented levels and lung cancer cases have risen so much that one day they will surpass flu cases. And even worse, we are polluting the world's air and water resources and soon it is predicted the wars will be made for water. We have even made a hole in the ozone layer and we are now less defenceless to ultraviolet rays of the sun and possible asteroid crashes. We are bringing our ends with our own hands.
These problems, however, can be overcome by opting alternative sources. We can attain the same amount of energy by using natural sources solely. We can use solar panels, for instance, for brought heating and vehicles that work with electricity. There is no waste, no pollutant; there is only pure energy. Another alternative would be that to recycle our wastes to produce energy. For example, Switzerland is one successful pioneer that produces nearly forty percent of its energy need from home wastes by processing them in sophisticated recycling centres. In another category, some experiments have shown that waste olive oils can be used in cars efficiently. With further exploration, new safe alternative energy models can be developed for every aspect of life.
My personal view is that governments should subsidise for alternative energy sources before it is too late for the world, rather that finding new homes in the space.

[by - Irem Yortanlioglu]


Sample Answer 3:
From the last few decades, people have been using fossil fuels such as charcoal, petrol, gas, and diesel as their main source of energy. With increasing global warming due to the greenhouse effect of these fossils fuels, people are getting more noticed about unsafe use of them. Some of them believe that a safe alternative source of energy should be searched urgently to save our planet.

People use fossil fuel for various purposes such as using gas for cooking and in air conditioning, driving engines with petroleum and diesel in vehicles and factories. So, we have enjoyed uncountable profits by the use of fossil fuels. But it not only gives us benefits but also brings many adverse effects. The most terrible negative impact is its contribution to global warming. Carbon dioxide emission from burning of the fossil fuels makes air pollution and also damage of ozone layer of our atmosphere which usually protects us from dangerous UV rays from the sun. Without the ozone layer, more UV rays will fall on our planet making the world very hot and increasing the risk of skin cancer among the people.

To prevent further damage of ozone layer, scientists and researchers are looking into other alternative sources of energy which are clean and safe .For example, Italy is famous for a widespread use of wind energy since several years ago. Japanese are using nuclear power which is very cheap and clean. But the amount of global use of clean energy is very much less compared to the use of fossil fuels. So, governments are mainly responsible for exploring more sources of clean energy and enforcing the people to use it by imposing regulations as well as by increasing the people awareness of negative impacts of fossil fuels.

To conclude, as the global warming effects of fossil fuels is a highly challenging problem of our planet, increasing use of alternative clean and safe energy is urgently demanding to save our beautiful planet in healthy condition.

[by - Thandar Aung]


Sample Answer 4:
Many people believe that the research for green and safe energy as a replacement for oil should be the main global priority these days. To a certain point, I would agree with that, but some considerations should be cautiously measured as well.  

It is true that as for the sake of the environment, people should seek for a safer and cleaner source of energy. It is undeniable that the world has become overdependence on fossil fuels such as coal and oil as their source of energy. Consequently, air pollution has become a serious issue in certain cities such as Beijing and Mexico City. Therefore, some countries have been spending a large amount of money for the development of the renewable energy. Some of the examples would be the solar panel system, windmill, nuclear plant and hydro. In fact, the time has come for the world to work together in harmony to introduce an effective solution towards the invention and use of an alternative fossil fuel.  

Despite all the positive sides of alternative energy, people should also be aware of several things. Firstly, many people do not realise that some of these energy generators are also dangerous for the environment. For example, many scientists believe that nuclear power plants are friendly to the environment, but these plants must be carefully maintained. A small leakage in the generator could become a fatal issue for the society, as in such cases it became a national disaster. Secondly, the expenditure for research and development of green energy worldwide is higher than the exploration cost of fossil fuels. Consequently, the government must also provide an extra budget for that around the world. It is also difficult for all nations to work together towards the introduction of an alternative energy source. For instance, the USA might adopt a policy not to use the fossil fuel and invest in a more environment-friendly energy source, however, adopting this same policy for countries like India and Pakistan would be quite impossible.                                      

In conclusion, to a certain point, I would agree that we should seek for safer and greener sources of energy as an alternative to fossil fuels globally. But I also believe that numerous research should also be conducted with proper feasibility studies and cautious measurements as it could also have catastrophic effects on the environment as well. And then the government in each country should also provide a higher budget for research as they are more expensive than the fossil fuel exploration.

[by Darwin Lesmana]


Sample Answer 5:
The research, investigation and usage of an alternative of crude oil and its by-products is considered to be given the most important world attention nowadays. In my opinion, I agree that exploration and research on alternatives to fossil fuels should be a targeted goal for the world because it will solve many problems and reduce quite a good number of environmental issues.

It is obvious that efforts made by the human being to explore and advance their surrounding have also caused major problems such as water, air and environmental pollution. An excessive amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere has dramatically affected the ozone layer, which is supposed to protect human habitat. The fossil fuel is damaging the environment in an unbelievable pace and many world leaders have already agreed that the use of fossil fuels should be controlled to save the environment. Now the question arises how much importance it should get? As it is related to the very existence of the mother planet – Earth, and a global problem, without any doubt it should be given a global priority. If not, after few decades it would be too late to control the catastrophic consequences.

To urgently tackle this problem, world leaders from different countries should sit together and agree to policies that all countries in the world would follow. This meeting should be done as soon as possible. It is also important that some major safe alternatives like solar power, biogas, green energy etc. should be widely used and the government should encourage people to use it. In addition, the climate issue involves all nations of the world and the fatal effects will affect the every single of them. That is why it is imperative that global attention and sponsorship are given by the governments of different countries and international bodies to conduct the research, to invent a safe alternative to the fossil fuel immediately.

In conclusion, it is very important that governments of numerous countries set aside a robust financial plan and policy paralleled to the exploration of green energy in order to combat anticipated problem that may arise.

[by - Bamidelis Ambali]

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.57 (7 Votes)

Amit Mokariya
Can I write that - it affects economic growth of the country and increases job opportunities because this government have requirements for scientists (employee for exploration).
Hi, Paul. I agree with you. Here in this topic, the main idea is 'global priority' and not 'fossil fuels'. :)
Carlos Serrano
Essay Topic: The exploration and development of safe alternatives to fossil fuels should be the most important global priority today.To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer. Many governments from countries like the United States, China, and Saudi Arabia are trying to produce more oil and natural gas in order to supply their increasing demand and is not a secret. However, fossil fuels are responsible for negative environmental issues including pollution, greenhouse effects and detrimental impacts on natural ecosystems. Therefore, it is essential that governments should consider investing in renewable sources of energy and it should be a global priority.To begin with, fossil fuels are responsible for air pollution problems, without any doubt. Countries, where economic activities are related to coal and oil production, air pollution, smog, and pulmonary diseases, are more prevalent. For instance, in China, air pollution is high due to coal-based electricity generation and overuse of fossil fuel. So it is an urgent need for such countries to research and introduce a safe alternative to fossil fuel in order to save people and the environment. On the other hand, green energies are cheaper in the long term. Fossil fuels may be cheaper at the present time, but its increasing demand is threatening its stability. In addition, eco-friendly energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydraulic energy are more expensive, but with creating frameworks for promoting those kinds of energy, they may become more suitable and available. For example, in Chile, due to its enhanced promotion of green energies, nearly 100% energy production is coming from renewable sources. Looking at that example, we can infer that safe fuel should be a global priority. Finally, renewable sources may minimise negative consequences of the greenhouse effect. Therefore, public institutions must create coherent frameworks in order to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and encouraging green sources of energy. Thus, public-private alliances, such as in Sweden and Norway, are pertinent for materialising these kinds of ambitious goals and purposes.To conclude, fossil fuels are the main foundation of air pollution. Governments throughout the world have the duty to work together to introduce green energies. Since environmental pollution is a global issue, the solution should also be introduced globally.
Paul Jos
My IELTS teacher gave this question to me as a homework. He told me that "Global Priority" is the main thing to be focused on this essay & not the 'alternative for fossil fuels". Eg: I must discuss why finding an alternative to fossil fuels must be a global priority today in the 1st body paragraph. In the 2nd body paragraph, discuss some other global priorities like world peace & poverty alleviation and in the opinion paragraph discuss which among those must really be a global priority today.