IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 621 - Car ownership has increased rapidly over the past thirty years

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Car ownership has increased so rapidly over the past thirty years that many cities in the world are now ‘one big traffic jam.’

How true do you think this statement is? What measures can governments take to discourage people from using their cars?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:
In this rapidly progressing scientific era, technological advancements have enthralled the entire globe. Considerably, car ownership has displayed unprecedented growth over the past three decades. This has consequently led to the heavy congestion of traffic. According to my perspective, governments can definitely initiate some suggestive measures to control this menace.

Commencing the discussion, the purchase and use of private cars have shown tremendous development over the past few decades. There are numerous reasons for which many individuals want to own private cars and freedom of commuting is perhaps the most important of them. Many also express immense enthusiasm concerning the new cars launched in the market as they come with new features, technology, safety measures and luxury. Consequently, the number of cars on the roads is increasing fast and it creates more traffic congestions than the roads and commuters can tolerate. Moreover, many authorities in developing countries bother the least to build more roads, suitable parking lots and their action further worsen the traffic problems.

Further reinforcing my perspective, governments can take some stringent measures to reduce car ownership and control traffic congestions. Firstly, the administration should emphasise building adequate parking lots, new roads and flyovers to reduce the traffic jam pandemonium while also campaigning to encourage citizens to walk and ride bicycles whenever possible. Besides, the government must encourage the commuters to utilize more affordable public transportations like buses and metro trains rather than using their cars. Finally and most importantly, the government need to increase the tax on car ownership while also improve public transportations so that many people are dissuaded from purchasing cars.

To recapitulate, concerned authorities should take strict measures to control car ownership in order to control the heavy traffic congestions and pollution. Apart from this, people should be made aware of the positive sides of walking and using eco-friendly transportations like bicycles.

[Written by - Samuel Gill]


Sample Answer 2:
It is true that automobile ownership went up dramatically over the last three decades. It automatically leads to traffic congestion in cities in many countries of the world. We cannot limit the number of car possessions to deal with this issue. Therefore, the government should think about some solutions to persuade people to refrain from using their own transport in order to reduce the traffic jam.

The demand for car purchase has increased remarkably and it makes car companies produce and release a high number of cars production as well. Simultaneously, the government does not provide equitable infrastructures, such as street space and alternative motorways. Consequently, it is normal that traffic congestion happens because the number of cars is not proportional to the facility provided. Another reason is that the price of cars is affordable and people can get a car easily.

In my opinion, there are several actions that government can take to settle this complicated problem. Firstly, whilst the vehicle companies produce their cars, the government should build and develop the road infrastructure in order to give enough space for many vehicles to minimise the congestion of traffic. Secondly, the government can collaborate with car companies in producing small smart cars. The advancement of technology today is sufficient to create innovation in car production. Last but not least is that government should provide many alternative transportations for the public such as trans-city buses, sky trains, and underground trains which offer better, safer, faster and more affordable transportation facilities. As a result, people will tend to choose public transportations than using their own cars. Therefore, the traffic jam will substantially reduce.

To conclude, car possession could not be circumscribed by restricting people from buying it, as evident in the last three decades. Rather more effective ways to tackle the heinous traffic congestion are there that government might select to tackle that issue.

[ Written by - Zainul Yasni ]

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.15 (40 Votes)

Mayur Shewale
Nowadays, as compared to three decades earlier, the number of cars is increasing rapidly, and everyone wants their own car and motorbike. As car purchases have increased so fast during the past 30 years, many cities are facing terrible traffic jams. I think that many cities are grappling with unbearable traffic congestion and in this essay, I will also suggest how the authorities can dissuade people from using and buying automobiles.

To commence with, many cities have traffic conditions that not only make commuting troublesome but also kill valuable work time of people. The traffic conditions in such cities, like Dhaka, Mumbai and so on, are so unbearable that many people list them as the top reason they want to move to another city or country. People have to wait more than 2 hours just to reach a distance of fewer than 10 kilometres. This is such a horrendous situation that those cities stay at the bottom of the most livable city index. The bad traffic there is not an exception, but rather a normal condition.

The governments can take some actions to discourage people from using their own cars. Increasing private car use is often the reason for growing traffic jams in most cities. The authorities can spread awareness about how private cars cause harm to the environment so that more people are encouraged to use public transport. They can also offer some free passes and coupons for public transport and make public transportation more accessible to all.

To conclude, considering the pollution and traffic jams that car ownership may cause people should use public transport instead of using their own cars. This will help cities become traffic congestion free and also save the environment from getting polluted. The authorities here have a big role to play.

IELTS Mentor
Thank you Lê Minh Châu for your comment.
Lê Minh Châu
Very good.