IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.
IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 16 - We are becoming increasingly dependent on computers
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
As part of a class assignment you have to write about the following topic:
We are becoming increasingly dependent on computers. They are used in business, hospitals, crime detection and even to fly planes. What things will they be used in the future? Is this dependence on computers a good thing or should we be more suspicious of their benefits?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Today, the computer has become an indispensable tool in our day-to-day activities. In fact, we find it very difficult to get through a working day without it. In this essay, we will discuss the usage of computers in the foreseeable future. Also, we will analyse how this dependency will have negative impacts on the society.
To begin with, computers can be used in performing daily chores at the house. For instance, cleaning of the home can be done with the minimum effort and time with the advent of robot maids. In addition, teachers can use computers for teaching their students by staying at their own place. In other words, tutors can arrange multiple classes in different cities at the same time by the help of this tool. Thus, it is obvious that the computer can be used in household work as well as for teaching purpose in the coming future.
However, inordinate usage of this tool has many disadvantages. First of all, human beings will be replaced by this machine leading to the increase in the unemployment which is intrinsically tied to the rate of the crime within the nation. Furthermore, the absence of physical presence of teachers in the classroom can raise the problems of discipline within the students. In other words, social development of these pupils will be harmed and thereby, will cause a hindrance in the nation's social growth.
From above, it can be seen that computers will be used for various activities at home as well as at educational institutions in the future. But, excessive utilisation of this machine can boost the issues related to job causing rise in the crime and afflict the young people's development. It is thus hoped that people will be made aware of the harmfulness of relying too much on computers.
[by - Aqeela ]
Idea Generation for this IELTS Essay:
Essay Type: Discussion + Argumentative.
Main question of this IELTS Essay:
A. What things computers will be used in the future?
B. Is this dependence on computers a good thing or should we be more suspicious of their benefits?
Discussion: What things computers will be used in the future?
- In space exploration, the breakthrough in robots will lead humans to have access farthest planets and stars. While robots have been sent to Mars, they could be sent to farther stars.
- In medicine, digitalization will revolutionise distant microsurgery, procedures which are controlled from a distance, helping people all over the world to be cured far better than being expected.
- Criminals and crimes will be detected far easier ways than now. More highly-tech satellites will be used to track fugitives escaping from jail or criminals escaping from the crime scene by using of more developed digital sensors.
- Present communication systems like fax, mail or telegram will be just history for the next coming generation.
- Customers will be able to find, select, and purchase their favourite item through the web far simpler. For example, digital scent technology will help people to smell the items via online shopping.
- Pilotless passenger planes will be used be aviation companies as avian digitalization will develop more.
- Undersea exploration and reaching in the deeper sea level would be possible. That would enhance our knowledge about the creatures of the sea and would help us to find more resources for our foods and other needs.
- The computer would replace many manual labours in most of the manufacturing companies.
- Traffic controls both in the highways and air would be fully automated and any violation of traffic rules would be detected and fined instantly.
- Weather forecasts would be pretty accurate and reliable forecasts of natural calamities would be easier to predict.
- Devastating weapons would be designed and used with the help of computer technology in the near future.
- Mathematics, statistics, chemistry and Physics would enhance further with the high speed and unimaginable calculating power of the computers.
- Teachers would be able to arrange multiple classes in different locations at the same time by the help of computer based educations tools and the internet.
Arguments: Why the dependency on computers is a good thing.
- In many cases where calculation and long hour works are required, computers are more reliable than humans. The amount of calculation a supercomputer can do in few seconds would take the entire lifetime for a human.
- We can save our time. Computers assist us uploading data faster than other devices. They can also contain massive data in a tiny storage device.
- They are more economical. By spending few hundred dollars of money to buy a laptop, we can improve many other abilities. For instance, online courses are less expensive than the regular training, so we have to have a computer and Internet for connection.
- To save information and files, less space is needed when it comes to using computers.
- They can be used in workplaces which are hazardous for the human.
- Humans are biologically unable to reach certain places like far away in the space or bottom of the sea where computer-riven robots could be sent.
- Computers follow our instructions and always act as they were made. Their usages are controlled by the human. So negative aspects of computers are not their fault, the fault is ours.
Arguments: Why we should be more suspicious of the benefits computers offer?
- Cyber-addiction has led humans to become more isolated, inactive, and depressed.
- Our data might be hacked by the professional hackers. Using of highly-tech soft-wares, our information can be stolen easily.
- Accessing to some important data is costly, and users might be targeted by cybercrime and lose all of their saved data. For example, a user’s bank password might be hacked by a professional hacker and thousands of dollars might be stolen by him.
- Human workers and employees will be replaced by this machine leading to the increase in the unemployment which is intrinsically tied to the rate of the crime.
- Addiction to computers has increased the prevalence of obesity. The more people use their computer, the more they will become inactive and overweight.
- Any error with the computers can affect lots of human lives and can create chaos.
[The above-mentioned points should be helpful for you to generate your own ideas and then turning them into a nicely written IELTS Essay. Add any point you think we have missed in the comment section at the end of this article.]
Model Answer 2:
Computers are relatively new invention. The first computers were built seventy years ago and it is the last forty years or so that their influences has affected our everyday life. Personal computers were introduced as recently as the early eighties. In this short time, they have made a tremendous impact on our lives. We are now so dependent on computers that it is hard to imagine what things would be without them. You have only got to go into a bank when their main computer is broken to appreciate the chaos that would occur if computers were suddenly removed worldwide.
In the future, computers will be used to create bigger and even more sophisticated computers. The prospects for this are quite alarming. They will be so complex that no individual could hope to understand how they work. They will bring a lot of benefits but hey will also increase the potential for unimaginable chaos. They will, for example, be able to fly planes and they will be able to co-ordinate the movements of several planes in the vicinity of an airport. Providing all the computers are working correctly nothing can go wrong, but if one small program fails--disaster.
There is a certain inevitability that technology will progress and become increasingly complex. We should, however, ensure that we are still in a position where we can control the technology. It will be too easy to suddenly discover that technology is controlling us. By then it might be too late. I believe that it is very important to be suspicious of the benefits that computers will bring and to make sure that we never become totally dependent on a completely technological world.
(Source - Cambridge IELTS Book 1 | Approximately 282 words)
Sample Answer 3:
Computers are relatively new invention and it's been only 50 years or so when the first computer was evolved and till then computers have become an inevitable part of our life and we cannot think even a single day without the uses of computers. From a small departmental shop to a large corporate business, from traffic signal controlling to launching rockets, the computer is a must. Again hospitals, offices, defence & intelligent departments, educational institutes use computers at every level of their work and service. To understand that, we will just have to go to a bank, where account holders' information and other financial figures are kept on a server computer. If anything goes wrong with the server computer, the result is overwhelming and devastating. Similarly, in a hospital where all data and medical records are stored in computers and even these computers are used to do many intricate operations. Any error with the computers can affect lots of human lives. It seems that computers are a very vital part of the current world and as the speed and capability of computers increasing day by day, we are becoming more dependent. From personal entertainment to collecting outer-space data, from traffic controlling to DNA research, computers are the main tools to depend on.
In the future, researchers will use computers and the Artificial Intelligence to bring out the result from most of the research. Human will try to gather more data on outer world and the computer systems and computer controlled machines will be used to find a suitable alternative for the world to live in. Scientists will invade inner-sea environment for more resources. The education system will be mostly dependent on computers. As Artificial Intelligence will improve in future, so will the robotics to replace humans by computers to do most of the jobs. Lie detectors and DNA testing system will be flawless and the criminal investigating departments will use the computers to find the clues of any crime. Satellite communications and internet would be a part of our lives and all the present communication systems like fax, mail or telegram will be just history for the next coming generation. Most people will read from a computer screen and will write through a keyboard or voice recognition systems. In short, Computer will be used in almost all levels of life from playing video games till digital cyber war in future.
Throughout the history, human always invented and still trying to invent new tools and machines to make our lives more secure and easy. But no other single device or tool had been so influential like the computer. Day by day we're becoming more and more dependent upon computers. In my opinion, we cannot stop using computers or even we can't lessen the uses of computers. The development of technology will follow its own track no matter what we think about it. Dependency is necessary but too much of it can be malevolent for the whole human race when it comes in term of computers. So we must make sure that we are controlling machines, not the machines controlling us. We don't want a scenario like the famous Hollywood movie "Terminator", where human fighting for their existence against their own created machines.
Sample Answer 4:
In my opinion, there is nothing wrong in depending on computers. They play a major role in our daily life. Nowadays, parents want their child to study in a school which has smart classrooms. Smart classroom consists of a projector, laptop or palmtop for each child.
Usage of computers at a hospital is vital because it helps the hospital management to keep track of every patient's medical history. Also, computers are used in Electrocardiogram test, Echo test and in many other tests which save millions of lives. Moreover, this cutting-edge technology is also used in many sports like cricket, football and tennis. For example, in cricket, Hawk-eye technology is used to find No-ball and leg-bye wickets.
Furthermore, without computers, it would have been impossible for us to find the presence of water on the moon. Consider satellite- it plays a humongous role in Telecommunication and without it human kind cannot think of communicating with overseas friends or relatives. My cousin is just six years old, but she is watching videos in YouTube on her own, which implies that computers attract younger generations. Though this advent in "state of the art" technology has many advantages, it also has few disadvantages. Nowadays, children are browsing adult contents on the internet which will surely spoil them. Due to much advancement in technology, it makes a person lazy which is the potential cause of obesity, diabetes and many such diseases.
In spite of having few disadvantages, dependency on computers is more appreciable but it should be in limits. There should be an equilibrium between science and nature.
[by - Sakthivel]
Model Answer 5:
Computers are tools made by human to make things easier and to make our lives advanced. The computers have become an essential product in every house, every office and even in the everyday life of people. Psychology, sociology, mathematics, biology, environmental science, crime investigations, constructions & engineering sector, technology related fields, vocational training etc. are the fields where computer have printed it’s footpath to proof of its importance. Programmes in a computer are used to complete tasks in a robot also. Such computers are essential in our lives.
The software of computers could use for many purposes such as learning through computers, accounting in computers, drawing, storage of information, sending information from one person to another etc. With the time, demand for computers is also increasing. An example can be, in every interview for the government, private or None Government jobs, they prefer to check the knowledge in usage the of computers that is to obtain maximum output from employees within a small time duration.
Since computer needs only small space than cupboards of files, it is very easy to store the documents in the computer in soft version, and could re-use at any time without physical damages or losses. The same file could store in different locations in a safe manner. There are more advantages of computers than of its disadvantages. This is the era of technology evolution. In future models and versions of the computers will be more user-friendly even for an uneducated person. This will definitely lead to increase the usage of the computers.
Sometimes, we should be suspicious of its benefits. For example, a talented person’s real talent may be disclosed by a person who does the works in a computer. The writing skills of the children decrease due to the usage of computers. Also, they get more eye problems, get addicted to computer based games, and ergonomic problems for employees who spend much time in computers. But these are due to malpractices of human and not by computers. If we use the computers only for proper practices, then we can realise the invention of the computer is only for the benefits.
[by - Niro ]
Sample Answer 6:
Ever since our childhood, we have been learning that necessity is the mother of invention. Now in this global era, it seems to be really true. In future technology will have tremendous effects on our societies, global environment and on the economy. After few decades the world will be using much more advanced technology than the present. For the sake of argument, as today’s generation seems to be amazed when they listen that people used to carry a two square inch floppy disk for just 64 MB two decades before. In this essay, I will discuss the impacts of technology on our future.
Today whatever advanced technology we have it has made survival of human being easier and reverse is true if we are misusing it. Solving complex business issues, collecting and creating solid forensic evidence and even while taking help from autopilot at the altitude 37000 feet and more, all these useful advancements in technology has created a hot debate that in future where technology can go further.
Nowadays scientists are also worried about global warming issues, that shows significant effects of industrialisation to which world is going towards. In future, technology will be so advanced that travel between one corner of the world to another one will be more luxurious and short, leading superpowers of the world will make their defence more strong, alternate energy resources may replace conventional one, use of technology especially information technology will bring world closer and closer.
In the end, I believe that a sufficient amount of money should be allotted in the budget as of technology improvement, so environmental issues may be addressed substantially and international law enforcing agencies should remain proactive to play their role in perceiving and addressing local and international breaches of labour and environmental laws respectively.
[by - Asad Ali ]
Sample Answer 7:
We are well aware of the latest technology and gadgets used around us. In all the electronic gadgets use of computers has been increased a lot in our day to day life. It has a big role in almost all the places in our society. Like hospitals, police stations, crime detections, aeroplanes, where computers can be used to keep a record of a patient history, current status of his disease, to keep the records of crimes in a particular city, to measure air pressure, whether condition to give updated information and so on.
The computer has made our life so comfortable and easy. In old days we used to keep all records in a file which was manual and paperwork. It used to take so much of space to store lots of files, need to remember all the files where it had been placed so that search will be easy and people need to be hired to give the safety to those files. This all hectic task has been replaced by a small computer. Now there is no paperwork and everything can be stored in a 1 TB hard disk. It’s portable to carry from one place to another share the information easily and can search a record in a fraction of seconds.
Moreover, it can be used in other activity also like if we want to research on something or to know anything worldwide we can plug in internet connection to computers and Google any information. It also helps students in their studies like to read books, painting, sketching, mathematics calculation or any other work related to study. This type we are almost dependent on computers in various means.
In my opinion, there will be some other concepts of computers in the future. For example, we give instructions to computers to perform any operation. The computer cannot do anything unless we are not passing instructions to it. But in the future, there is a possibility to program a computer in such manner it will decide what operations need to perform in what scenarios and how to solve any type of issue, which is called Robot. Our scientists are working hard on the various research like life after death and to clone a human with the help of computers. This invention will cross ever limit of life and we would be able to make anything possible which seems impossible now.
Dependency on computers can be helpful or can bring serious issues also in our life. For example, if a robot is programmed to trouble human or to create problems it will be a serious threat for us. Robot computers can do anything like murder, robbery, bomb blasting as it would not have any emotion to think about the human and the pain of life loss, which can bring disaster.
So in my Opinion excess of anything is bad. We can be in a soup if anything goes wrong in the programming of high-end human computers. Using computers is good to some extent but it should not go beyond the usual limit and our natural lifestyle.
[by - Namrata Jain ]
Model Answer 8:
The invention of the computer is referred to as an epic among the other technological breakthroughs of last century. The role of computers in today’s lifestyle has reached such dizzy heights than anyone could ever imagine! Righteously, its use in various fields of medicine, crime investigation and even aerospace engineering is explicit. In the midst of a computer-driven world, its future purposes are infinite. The affinity that human has developed for this technological gizmo is monumental and this dependency, for many is moot.
In the present scenario, majority of the fields, mankind thrives on are revolutionised by computers. Its significance in the medical field, for instance, is quite imperative. For example, from the safeguarding of patient medical records to the automated and meticulous interpretation of investigation reports, are computerised. The role of computers in crime investigation is rather inevitable nowadays. Global satellite tracking on personal gadgets of criminals to chase them down would exemplify this. Another significant technological impact computers made is in the aerospace, where, even flying an aircraft has become computerised, dubious whether Charles Babbage envisaged the same?
The future use of computers by the human kind is endless. To name or pinpoint on its future prospectives would be cumbersome or rather impossible. Some believe that in near future, computers will serve the purpose of being the 'first hand 'of help to humans. A globalised world under the umbrella of the computer revolution is not as far-sighted as before. The very existence computer operated human robots that could even replace a human, is not a myth anymore.
Now having discoursed, about the computer revolution and its effects on mankind, a question of one getting dependent on computers is impeccable. In this globalised world, computer addiction is a major concern unattended. Children spending long hours on computers and its misuse in workplaces by employees is ubiquitous and a generally accorded bane.
In my opinion, as humans, one should be able to imbibe the virtues and reject the vice, when it comes to using computers.
[by - Vineeth V. ]
Model Answer 9:
We are living in an ultra modern tech-time and the computer is the greatest invention of this 21st century. The sky touching demand of computer exists in each and every sector of our life. Hence the dependency on it is increasing significantly. Nowadays, hardly any sector can be found where a computer is not used and I think it is going to spread out more, in near future.
From my point of analysis, computers are going to take place of many professionals like doctors, engineers or legal advisors very soon. Maybe these days are not so far when we would consult with supercomputers in regards to our health issues or any legal advice instead of the professional body. Moreover, I believe, some especial utilisation of computer like flying plane would be used randomly in our future daily life. For instance, It will not be surprising at all if computers are going to be our future car driver or traffic controller.
Without any doubt, the computer is one of the blessings of modern science which makes our life more convenient. However, it is believed that mass utilisation of computer can be harmful to our health and social life. The critics are also skeptical about its benefits due to the negative aspects, circularising throw it like cyber crime or least physical movements of the human body. Despite these issues, I suppose computer is a fundamental need of people nowadays. The computer has reduced the workload and saved the precious time which may possibly be used in more productive works or resolving some alarming global problems like finding the cure for the fatal disease, preventing terrorism and war, or settlement for refugees.
In conclusion, I believe computer will be used in every sector of our life in near future and we will become free from such kind of typical responsibilities to do something great for the betterment of our next generation as well as our planet.
[by - Shadia Rahman ]