IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 996 - The cost of international travel is decreasing and tourism is increasing

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

The cost of international travel is decreasing, and so the trend of international tourism is increasing in many countries. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the rising trend of tourism for countries?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer 1:
This is a true fact to consider that in the present-day world has become a global village and people have chances to travel all over the world due to decreasing the cost of international travel. Considering this, some analysts consider that the rising trend of tourism needs to be implemented in the potential countries. However, there are some pros and cons associated with increasing tourism in the world.

There are some significant advantages of the growing trend of tourism. First and foremost, economic prosperity could be a significant advantage to consider. It is generally seen that a few decades ago only developed countries and rich people had the chance to travel worldwide; however, due to the reduction of cost of air travel majority of middle and lower classes nowadays can afford to travel all over the world or within their own countries for different purposes.  As a result, many developing countries can emphasise their tourism and can earn from foreign tourists and that could be higher than in the past. It can be demonstrated by a recent survey in Sri Lanka that has more than 60% of total income received from tourism. Moreover, mitigating unemployment rates could be another merit of tourism as it offers an excellent opportunity for new jobs potential.

Despite, the advantages discussed above regarding rising tourism there are some negative effects which cannot be neglected without any careful consideration. Endangering culture, tradition could be done from the excessive presence of foreign tourists and that could be a detrimental fact. Environmental damages and mixed cultural influences are hard to tackle when tourism in a country flourishes.  

In the end, undoubtedly, increasing worldwide travels has immense benefits to the society; however, there is a number of drawbacks that should be handled properly.

[ Written by - Thilini Shani ]

 

Model Answer 2:
It is true that the cost of travelling overseas has become cheaper these days and it has boosted the tourism industry in many countries. The growth in the tourism sector has its own benefits and drawbacks and the following essay will discuss them in detail.

For a number of reasons, the development of the tourism industry brings a lot of benefits for many nations. Firstly, it creates a lot of job opportunities for the local people. As many hotels and restaurants are built along with the tourist attraction places, they absorb many local employments and reduce the unemployment rate. Secondly, the development will also increase the country's income. As the number of tourists from overseas increases, they spend some money in hotels and restaurants and these transactions are subjected to tax.

On the other hand, the growth of this industry also brings some negative effects to the country. As more tourists are coming to the country, more tourist attraction places are then built. Many of these places are made in nature conservation areas, whereas some wild animals would lose their natural habitat and bring negative impact to the ecosystem as well. And then some tourists also bring negative behaviours that affect the local culture. For example, in some Asian countries, people might not drink alcoholic beverages. However, as many westerners come to these countries and bring some liquor, many the local people are introduced to the beverage and started to drink alcohol as well.

In conclusion, it is true the growing trend of the tourism industry has a lot of benefits for many countries. However, it should be noted that it also brings some negative effects to these countries. I personally believe that it is the government task to make some clear regulations for the tourism sectors, therefore all the positive sides of the industry outweighed the drawbacks.

[ Written by – Darwin Lesmana ]

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Gagan
It is a well-known adage - "live with no excuse and travel with no regret". In today's era, there is a wild increase in tourism, people may travel because of various reasons such as leisure activity, education, business, or maybe because their job requires travelling. As a result of which airfares are decreasing and now the middle class also have access to air travel. But the question arises if the cheap air ticket is beneficial or just a hindrance. This essay will discuss both the divergent views rationally in subsequent passages.

Let us start by considering the fact that when airfare decreases, the tourism industry elevates, and many nations economy is directly or indirectly connected with tourism, so we can say that decline in airfare will empower a nation's economy. To exemplify my viewpoint, the tourism industry expands employment opportunities and help strengthen the relationship between nations. Moreover, when people travel to different countries, they learn many new things and become aware of the cultural diversity, which, in turn, make them tolerant to differences. This is important to maintain peace among nations.

On the contrary, shrink in airfare leads to global warming because of more emission of harmful gases in the air. Also, tourism somehow is responsible for the loss of tradition and native culture in places. For instance, the excessive presence of foreign tourists and culture may lead to the loss of one's own tradition and culture.

In essence, the decline in airfare brings so many advantages while we cannot ignore its disadvantages as well. It is expected that we will try to reap the benefits of this while also trying to mitigate the demerits so that we can protect our environment as well as cultures.