IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.
IELTS Essay # 1158 - Overpopulation in most developing countries is a problem
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Overpopulation in most developing countries in Asia and Africa is a problem. If these countries do not try to control the population immediately, they will face serious problems.
What are your suggestions to control the population?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
The world already has an unendurable population and the highest percentages of them live in Asia and Africa. Poverty, corruption, pollution and diseases are epidemics in these parts of the world, and the higher populace is the main reason for it. If the population in these two continents are not controlled, the problems would completely get out of hand. This essay suggests some ways of curbing the expansion of the population.
To control the population, the first step has to come from the government. The authority should restrict the number of children a family can have, and violation of this policy should be severely punished. Countries like China have already adopted this policy and have been able to control their population to a certain extent. Besides, citizens have to realise the negative consequences of the uncontrolled population and spontaneously take birth control measures. Without the support of the ordinary population, the government alone cannot control it. For instance, China adopted the one-child policy in 1979 to tackle the growing population. The authority actively promoted family planning through education and birth control methods, and it was spontaneously supported by the mass people. As a result, China's population growth significantly reduced and its economy highly benefitted from this coordinating effort by the people and the government. Finally, international organisations like WHO, UNDP and other humanitarian organisations should work in these countries to educate people about the negative consequences of the higher population growth and provide funds for birth control methods.
In conclusion, the higher population in developing countries is a big threat, and, oftentimes, the main hindrance to economic progress. The government, ordinary people and international organisations should work together to control the rapid population growth in these countries. Without a combination of policy, awareness and a free flow of funds, it would be impossible to help those countries control their population.
Model Answer 2:
The population growth in the world has already gone out of control, and it is more daunting in most Asian and African countries. The population growth in these regions is uncontrollable due to illiteracy, poor quality of life, and the religious and social taboo against population control. In this essay, I will suggest some ways to control it.
Controlling the population in a country can not be achieved overnight, and despite initiatives and educational campaigns, the result might come at a slow pace. However, proper steps should be taken to control the rapid expansion of the population. First, the authority should take the initiative and launch awareness campaigns more frequently, especially in poor neighbourhoods, to educate them about the negative consequences of having many children. Ignorance and illiteracy among poor people is often the reason they do not understand or care about the severe consequences of having too many babies. Effective campaigns and seminars could bring excellent results.
Moreover, making contraceptives available for free among the poor population should be ensured. It would help curb population growth in the long term. Finally, the government must impose laws to restrict the number of children a family can have. For instance, families in China, in the past, were not allowed to have more than one child, and any violation of it incites a financial penalty. This may seem cruel at first, but the one-child policy has already given positive outcomes to many populous countries including China.
In conclusion, if the population keeps increasing at the current rate, the world would soon find itself in the verse of war for food, shelter and medicine. So the time has come to take every possible step to tackle the heinous speed of population growth, and authorities and citizens should work together to tackle it.