IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1163 - Environmental problems should be solved on a global scale

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people think that environmental problems should be solved on a global scale while others believe it is better to deal with them nationally.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:

Environmental problems are a growing concern worldwide, and there is a need to address them effectively to ensure a sustainable future. Some people argue that these issues should be dealt with on a global level, while others believe that individual countries should take responsibility for their own environmental problems. In my opinion, both approaches are necessary to tackle environmental issues effectively.

On the one hand, addressing environmental problems globally can produce better results. Cooperation between countries can lead to the sharing of knowledge, resources, and technology. For example, the Montreal Protocol is a global agreement signed by countries to reduce the use of substances that deplete the ozone layer. This agreement has been successful in protecting the ozone layer and reducing the impact of climate change. Furthermore, global cooperation can lead to the establishment of international standards and regulations for environmental protection, which can ensure that all countries are working towards the same goals.

On the other hand, individual countries have a responsibility to address their own environmental problems. Each country has unique environmental challenges, and local solutions may be more effective. For instance, Costa Rica has implemented a successful reforestation program that has helped to protect its natural resources and reduce carbon emissions. The program was tailored to the country's specific needs and took into account its unique environmental conditions. Similarly, China has taken steps to reduce air pollution by implementing strict regulations on industries and promoting the use of clean energy. In addition, individual countries can act as leaders in addressing environmental problems, inspiring others to follow suit. For example, Sweden has set ambitious goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and has made significant progress in achieving them. Its success in environmental protection has inspired other countries to take similar measures.

In conclusion, both global and individual approaches are necessary to address environmental problems effectively. Global cooperation can lead to the sharing of knowledge and resources, while individual countries can implement solutions tailored to their specific needs. By working together, we can ensure a sustainable future for ourselves and future generations.


Model Answer 2:

Environmental problems have become a pressing global issue, prompting discussions on whether solutions should be implemented on a global or national scale. While some advocate for a localized approach to address environmental concerns, others argue for coordinated global efforts. In this essay, I will explore both perspectives and assert why I believe a global strategy is paramount for effective environmental conservation.

On the one hand, proponents of dealing with environmental problems at a national level argue that local conditions and priorities vary significantly. They contend that tailoring solutions to specific national contexts allows for more efficient and targeted interventions. For example, a nation facing water scarcity may prioritize initiatives related to water conservation, while a country grappling with deforestation may focus on reforestation efforts. This approach is seen as more adaptable to the diverse ecological challenges each nation encounters.

Conversely, those advocating for a global approach emphasize the interconnected nature of environmental issues that transcend national boundaries. Climate change, pollution, and biodiversity loss are global phenomena that require unified efforts to address effectively. A pertinent example is the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, where collaboration on an international scale is imperative to combat the shared threat of climate change. Global initiatives such as the Paris Agreement underscore the necessity of collective action to mitigate environmental degradation.

Personally, I firmly support the idea that environmental problems demand a global response. Nature operates without regard for political borders, and the scale of many ecological challenges necessitates coordinated efforts on a worldwide scale. 

In conclusion, while arguments exist for addressing environmental problems at both national and global levels, the complexity and global nature of these issues make a coordinated global approach essential. Only through shared responsibility and collaboration can humanity effectively tackle the root causes of environmental degradation and work towards sustainable solutions.

Model Answer 3:

In addressing environmental challenges, the question of whether solutions should be pursued on a global or national scale has sparked considerable debate. Both perspectives have their merits, and this essay will delve into both perspectives. Personally, I believe that a nuanced approach that integrates elements from both levels is likely the most effective way forward.

On a global scale, environmental problems often transcend national borders. Issues like climate change, deforestation, and pollution are interconnected and affect the entire planet. Consequently, global collaboration is essential to develop comprehensive strategies and enforce regulations that can mitigate these problems effectively. Cooperation on an international level enables the sharing of resources, technology, and expertise, fostering a collective response to challenges that impact all nations. For instance, climate change, a pressing global issue, requires coordinated efforts among nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transition to sustainable energy sources.

On the other hand, addressing environmental problems at the national level allows countries to tailor solutions to their specific contexts. National governments can create policies that align with their unique environmental challenges, taking into account local ecosystems, economic structures, and societal needs. This approach may be more flexible and responsive to the immediate concerns of individual nations. For example, a country facing challenges of water scarcity can implement targeted policies for efficient water management, conservation, and infrastructure development that directly address its specific environmental needs.

In my opinion, a balanced and integrated approach is necessary. Countries should collaborate globally to set overarching frameworks and standards while maintaining the flexibility to address their specific environmental concerns at the national level. This approach acknowledges the interconnected nature of environmental problems and harnesses the strengths of both global cooperation and local adaptability.

To conclude, a combination of international collaboration and national initiatives is crucial for achieving meaningful and sustainable solutions to environmental challenges. It is expected that countries would work nationally and globally to address this pressing issue.

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