IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1163 - Environmental problems are becoming a global issue

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Environmental problems are becoming a global issue. Environmental problems are counter-challenging the quality of life people enjoy in modern advanced societies.

Do you think that environmental problems will produce better results if it is addressed globally or should it be addressed by individual countries?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1: [Opinion: Both approaches are necessary.]

Environmental problems are a growing concern worldwide, and there is a need to address them effectively to ensure a sustainable future. Some people argue that these issues should be dealt with on a global level, while others believe that individual countries should take responsibility for their own environmental problems. In my opinion, both approaches are necessary to tackle environmental issues effectively.

On the one hand, addressing environmental problems globally can produce better results. Cooperation between countries can lead to the sharing of knowledge, resources, and technology. For example, the Montreal Protocol is a global agreement signed by countries to reduce the use of substances that deplete the ozone layer. This agreement has been successful in protecting the ozone layer and reducing the impact of climate change. Furthermore, global cooperation can lead to the establishment of international standards and regulations for environmental protection, which can ensure that all countries are working towards the same goals.

On the other hand, individual countries have a responsibility to address their own environmental problems. Each country has unique environmental challenges, and local solutions may be more effective. For instance, Costa Rica has implemented a successful reforestation program that has helped to protect its natural resources and reduce carbon emissions. The program was tailored to the country's specific needs and took into account its unique environmental conditions. Similarly, China has taken steps to reduce air pollution by implementing strict regulations on industries and promoting the use of clean energy.

In addition, individual countries can act as leaders in addressing environmental problems, inspiring others to follow suit. For example, Sweden has set ambitious goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and has made significant progress in achieving them. Its success in environmental protection has inspired other countries to take similar measures.

In conclusion, both global and individual approaches are necessary to address environmental problems effectively. Global cooperation can lead to sharing of knowledge and resources, while individual countries can implement solutions tailored to their specific needs. By working together, we can ensure a sustainable future for ourselves and future generations.

Sample Answer 2: [Opinion: A global effort to address these problems would be a better strategy.]

Some environmental problems are regional, like cyclones; and some others are global, greenhouse effects, for instance. With the span of time, many environmental problems are becoming global issues, and I believe that global initiatives will bring the best result. It will also make the world a better place to live in.

To begin with, environmental problems are generally caused by human activities and most of them are global concerns. Noise or water pollution at a time remains a national problem but after a certain period, it would turn into a problem for the whole world. Thus if some environmental problems are left unaddressed due to their span in a country, they would soon become a problem for all nations. This is why those problems should be addressed globally.

Moreover, not all nations are equally competent to address issues of such magnitude due to their economic and political reasons. This is why affluent nations should extend their helping hands to solve environmental problems in such poor nations. There is no denying that industrial nations cause more global warming. So they need to build a common platform to bring all nations together to fight environmental problems. For a poor country, it is quite tough to allocate a budget for fighting environmental issues while millions of its population are suffering from hunger and natural disaster. This is why rich nations have natural obligations to help those poor or developing nations.

To draw the conclusion, global environmental problems like greenhouse effects, global warming etc. have already become a concern for every nation. A global effort to address these problems would be a better strategy as each nation is not equally adept to solve global problems.

Model Answer 3: [Opinion: Environmental problems should sometimes be addressed globally and sometimes regionally based on their types.]

Environmental problems greatly vary in terms of their magnitudes, and some of these are local, while others are definitely global in nature - the greenhouse effect or global warming for example. For the best result, these sorts of problems should be addressed at the most appropriate levels, sometimes even at multiple levels.

To begin with, some environmental problems are generally caused by a group of people in a particular region and these issues get accelerated by the rapid expansion of industrialisation in this region. These sorts of problems often include noise pollution, air pollution, deforestation, intoxicating waste disposal etc. and these are generally national in nature. It is better to address these types of environmental problems at the national level and educating people is a viable solution in this scenario. International aid sometimes can help a poor or developing country to address environmental problems but the government of the country should take initiatives to solve such national problems.

Having said that, some environmental problems, for instance, common river, coastline or sea pollution concerns more than one country and those sorts of problems should be addressed at a bilateral level. Similarly, if an environmental problem concerns a large region, for instance, a continent, that should be discussed and fought by the countries that are located on this continent. Some common examples of such environmental problems are desertification, soil erosion, aridness and floods. 

Finally, some environmental problems pervade across national boundaries and call for multinational or global collaboration. For example, radioactive industrial wastages in oceans, ozone layer degradation, and global warming are global issues, and these types of problems should be addressed by every single nation in the world. For greater success and effectiveness, I believe that the commitment of countries, especially rich nations, is quite important.

To conclude, environmental problems are real and they threaten the very existence of animals, plants and humans on this blue planet. We need to address them immediately on regional, national and global scales based on their magnitudes and nature.

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