IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1164 - The cultures of some countries are influenced by others

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic.

Due to the effects of globalisation, the cultures of some countries are influenced by others. Some people think this is a natural process. Others think this is a threat to cultural identity.

What is your opinion about this?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1:
Globalisation has had a significant impact on cultures across the world. While some argue that it is a natural process and an inevitable consequence of modernisation, others view it as a threat to cultural identity. In my opinion, while there are some negative effects of globalisation on cultural identity, it can also bring positive influences and lead to cultural exchange.

On the one hand, the influence of globalisation has led to the widespread dissemination of Western culture, which can threaten the identity of smaller cultures. For example, the popularity of Hollywood movies and American TV shows have made English a dominant language and led to a decline in the use of local languages in some countries. In addition, the spread of fast food chains and multinational companies has led to the loss of traditional food and crafts.

On the other hand, globalisation has also brought cultural exchange and enrichment. The exchange of ideas, languages and customs between cultures can lead to new and exciting developments. For example, the fusion of different musical styles has led to the creation of new genres of music such as jazz and rock. Furthermore, globalisation has made it easier for people to travel and learn about different cultures, leading to greater appreciation and understanding. Furthermore, the exchange of cultural practices can lead to greater mutual understanding and respect between nations. When cultures are shared, it promotes cross-cultural communication and tolerance. For example, many Western countries have adopted yoga, a practice that originated in India. This has helped to spread knowledge of Indian culture and also create a sense of unity between different nations.

In conclusion, the impact of globalisation on cultural identity is a complex issue. While it can threaten the identity of smaller cultures, it can also lead to cultural exchange and enrichment. In my opinion, it is a natural process and we can achieve a better result from this development through the promotion of cultural diversity and education, as well as the recognition and protection of cultural heritage.


Sample Answer 2: 
Globalisation is sweeping away all the differences and boundaries among nations. The buzzword globalisation refers to the freeing up of markets, and the free flow of goods and information. As a result, the traditional barriers among nations are gradually breaking down and the world is becoming closer in terms of cultural and economic relations. So, I believe that, as a natural process, the culture of different countries are blending together and a country is adopting foreign cultures faster than ever.

These days some countries are experiencing rapid cultural changes and the culture of a dominating country is being adopted by the people of other countries. For instance, due to the spread of Indian TV channels and their Bombay-centric flamboyant Hindi cultures, many SAARC countries are on the verge of losing their century-old cultural uniqueness in the films and fashion industries. Interestingly, Indian culture is also being influenced by more dominating Hollywood. Moreover, in the age of globalisation, countries are seeking greater cooperation and the spirit is a greater flow of commodities, information and people across the borders of different countries. Mass media and technology have played an even greater role in promoting the model of globalisation and people these days are aware of the cultural presence of other countries. The tourist influx in different countries is creating a mixed-cultural global village where no country is unique, rather they all have a mixed culture.

Some people treat this as a natural process while others take it as a threat to their own cultural identity. I believe that cultures are dynamic and living phenomena. Culture, what we know today, was different in the past and that is why we should not be too much wary of changes. Even before globalisation swept in, we started celebrating the 31st December and Valentine’s Day, which is completely foreign to our culture. This is the era of free information exchange and if we stop international cooperation for the sake of our cultural identity, our progress would stop overnight.

In conclusion, free trade and the global market is such a powerful concept that it cannot be stopped anymore. Keeping the window of progress is better than keeping them closed even if this means inheriting foreign cultures.

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