IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1164 - The cultures of some countries are influenced by others

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic.

Due to the effects of globalisation, the cultures of some countries are influenced by others. Some people think this is a natural process. Others think this is a threat to cultural identity.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:
Globalization has undeniably fostered interconnectedness among countries, leading to the exchange of ideas, values, and cultural elements. While some perceive this as a natural and enriching process, others argue that it poses a significant threat to cultural identity. In this essay, I will delve into both perspectives and explain why I believe that the influence of one culture on another can indeed jeopardize the unique identity of nations.

On the one hand, proponents of cultural globalization argue that it is a natural consequence of increased communication and global interaction. They contend that exposure to different customs and traditions enhances cultural diversity, fostering a more inclusive and tolerant global society. For example, the widespread popularity of international cuisines in various countries demonstrates the positive aspects of cultural exchange, creating a melting pot of culinary diversity.

On the other hand, there is a growing concern that the influence of dominant cultures can overshadow and erode the distinctive features of smaller or less influential nations. This is particularly evident in the prevalence of Western ideals in media, fashion, and lifestyle choices, often at the expense of indigenous traditions. For instance, the global dominance of Hollywood movies and Western fashion trends can lead to the marginalization of local film industries and traditional clothing styles.

Personally, I align with the viewpoint that globalization poses a threat to cultural identity. While cultural exchange can be enriching, the imbalance in influence can lead to cultural homogenization, where unique traditions risk fading into obscurity.

In conclusion, the effects of globalization on cultural exchange evoke contrasting opinions. While some see it as a natural and positive evolution, others raise valid concerns about its potential threat to cultural identity. However, it is evident that it often threatens the local traditions and even erodes the cultural identity of a nation.

Model Answer 2:
Globalisation has had a significant impact on cultures across the world. While some argue that it is a natural process and an inevitable consequence of modernisation, others view it as a threat to cultural identity. This essay will delve into both perspectives. In my opinion, however, while globalisation has some negative effects on cultural identity, it is a natural process and can also bring positive influences and lead to cultural exchange.

On the one hand, the influence of globalisation has led to the widespread dissemination of Western culture, which can threaten the identity of smaller cultures. For example, the popularity of Hollywood movies and American TV shows has made English a dominant language and led to a decline in the use of local languages in some countries. In addition, the spread of fast food chains and multinational companies has led to the loss of traditional food and crafts in countries like Indonesia and Japan.

On the other hand, globalisation has also brought cultural exchange and enrichment as it is a natural process. The exchange of ideas, languages and customs between cultures can lead to new and exciting developments. For example, the fusion of different musical styles has led to the creation of new genres of music such as jazz and rock. Furthermore, the exchange of cultural practices can lead to greater mutual understanding and respect between nations. When cultures are shared, it promotes cross-cultural communication and tolerance. For example, many Western countries have adopted yoga, a practice that originated in India. 

In conclusion, the impact of globalisation on cultural identity is a complex issue. While it can threaten the identity of smaller cultures, it can also lead to cultural exchange and enrichment. In my opinion, it is a natural process, and we can achieve a better result from this development through the promotion of cultural diversity and education, as well as the recognition and protection of cultural heritage.

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