IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1168 - Some of the difficulties of living in a city

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult.

Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city.
How can governments make urban life better for everyone?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1:
The increasing trend of migration to cities is a result of a desire for a better life. However, city life is often associated with numerous difficulties. This essay will examine some of the challenges of living in a city and suggest ways that governments can make urban life better for everyone.

Living in a city presents several challenges, and chief among them is the formidable cost of living. Urban areas tend to be substantially more expensive than their rural counterparts, manifesting in elevated costs for housing, food, and other essential commodities. For instance, rental prices in cities like London or New York are exorbitant, making it financially burdensome for residents. Additionally, the high cost of living extends to groceries and basic amenities, posing a considerable strain on individuals and families.

An additional challenge associated with urban living pertains to the elevated levels of pollution. The presence of pollutants emitted from vehicles, industrial facilities, and various sources poses a significant risk to public health, potentially resulting in respiratory problems, cardiovascular diseases, and other health-related issues. For instance, the prevalence of noise pollution in bustling city environments, exemplified by the constant hum of traffic and urban activities, not only impedes the ability to sleep or concentrate but also contributes to heightened stress levels.

Governments can make urban life better for everyone by addressing these issues. One approach is to invest in public transportation, such as buses and trains, to reduce the number of cars on the road and decrease pollution. Governments can also provide incentives for businesses to relocate to rural areas, which can reduce overcrowding and the cost of living in cities. In addition, governments can invest in green spaces and public parks to provide residents with access to nature, which has been shown to have a positive impact on mental health. 

In conclusion, while city life can offer many opportunities, it is often associated with numerous challenges. The high cost of living and pollution can all make city life difficult. Governments can make urban life better by addressing these issues and investing in public transportation, green spaces, and walkable communities.

Sample Answer 2:
Cities offer many conveniences and opportunities that are not present in rural areas, but they do not come without a cost. Higher living expenses, pollution, lax relationships among people and frantic competition often make cities difficult to live in. The government has a lot to do to improve the lifestyle of the city dwellers.

The overwhelming expense is the main problem for anyone who moves to a city from a small town or village. The cost of education, treatment, transportation, house rent, food and daily commodities are far higher in a city which makes life unbearable for the lower and lower-middle-class populace. Pollution in cities is the second most severe issue, and it makes metropolitan areas less suitable for children to grow in. For instance, people in big cities live in contaminated areas where Carbon dioxide emissions and the presence of other toxic elements in the air are higher.

Moreover, municipal life is full of competition, and it makes people’s lives miserable. Someone has to compete to get in a public car, wait for his turn to meet the doctor, wait several hours in the traffic jam and fight hard to get a decent job. The competition is so high that even a child has to go through a tough fight to be accepted into a school.

I believe there are many steps that a government can take to tackle these issues. Firstly, the government should control the prices of daily commodities and build more high-rise buildings to reduce house rent. More public buses with better facilities should be introduced to reduce traffic jams. Decentralisation and the development of the provincial towns would let the authorities shift many industries to these regions and thus reduce the pollution and pressure on the cities and metropolitan areas.

In conclusion, the government should take initiatives to improve people's living standards in cities and make sure rural areas and towns have plenty of job opportunities to reduce the pressure on big cities.


Model Answer 3:
The increasing trend of migration towards urban centres is a testament to the allure of city life, promising opportunities and a vibrant environment. However, the urban landscape poses its own set of challenges. This essay will explore the difficulties of city living—congestion and limited access to green spaces—and suggest measures governments can implement to enhance the overall urban experience.

Congestion stands out as a prominent issue in cities, leading to traffic gridlock and inefficient transportation systems. The high density of vehicles contributes to increased travel times, elevated stress levels, and environmental degradation. Urban planning that prioritizes efficient public transportation, invests in alternative mobility solutions such as bike lanes and implements congestion pricing can help alleviate traffic congestion and enhance the overall commuting experience.

Furthermore, the scarcity of green spaces in cities is a growing concern. Limited access to parks and recreational areas diminishes residents' opportunities for outdoor activities, exercise, and relaxation. Green spaces are essential for mental well-being and community engagement. Governments can address this challenge by incorporating green infrastructure in urban planning, creating new parks, and revitalizing existing ones. Such initiatives not only provide a respite from the urban hustle but also contribute to a healthier and more connected community.

In conclusion, congestion and limited access to green spaces represent significant challenges in urban living. Governments can play a pivotal role in addressing these difficulties through thoughtful urban planning, investment in sustainable transportation solutions, and a commitment to enhancing green infrastructure. By tackling these issues comprehensively, cities can evolve into more livable, inclusive, and sustainable environments for their diverse residents.

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