IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1168 - Some of the difficulties of living in a city

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult.

Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city.
How can governments make urban life better for everyone?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1:
The increasing trend of migration to cities is a result of a desire for a better life. However, city life is often associated with numerous difficulties. This essay will examine some of the challenges of living in a city and suggest ways that governments can make urban life better for everyone.

One of the difficulties of living in a city is the cost of living. Cities are more expensive than rural areas, with higher prices for housing, food, and other essentials. In addition, the fast pace of life in cities can lead to stress and anxiety, which can have negative effects on mental health. Another challenge is the lack of space, which can make it difficult to find adequate housing and can lead to overcrowding.

Another difficulty of city life is the high levels of pollution. Pollution from cars, factories, and other sources can lead to respiratory problems, heart disease, and other health issues. In addition, noise pollution can make it difficult to sleep or concentrate, and light pollution can disrupt the natural sleep-wake cycle.

Governments can make urban life better for everyone by addressing these issues. One approach is to invest in public transportation, such as buses and trains, to reduce the number of cars on the road and decrease pollution. Governments can also provide incentives for businesses to relocate to rural areas, which can reduce overcrowding and the cost of living in cities. In addition, governments can invest in green spaces and public parks to provide residents with access to nature, which has been shown to have a positive impact on mental health. City planners can also prioritize the creation of walkable communities and bike paths, which can improve public health and reduce the use of cars.

In conclusion, while city life can offer many opportunities, it is often associated with numerous challenges. The high cost of living, pollution, and lack of space can all make city life difficult. Governments can make urban life better for everyone by addressing these issues and investing in public transportation, green spaces, and walkable communities.


Sample Answer 2:
Cities offer many conveniences and opportunities that are not present in rural areas, but they do not come without a cost. Higher living expenses, pollutions, lax relationships among people and frantic competition often make cities difficult to live in. The government has a lot to do to improve the lifestyle of the city dwellers.

The overwhelming expense is the main problem for anyone who moves to a city from a small town or village. The cost of education, treatment, transportation, house rent, food and daily commodities are far higher in a city which makes life unbearable for the lower and lower-middle-class populace. Pollution in cities is the second most severe issue and it makes metropolitan areas less suitable for children to grow in. For instance, people in big cities live in contaminated areas where the Carbon dioxide emission and the presence of other toxic elements in the air are higher.

Moreover, people in small towns and villages have an exceptional connection and they know each other very well, which is quite the opposite in a city. Finally, municipal life is full of competition and it makes people’s life miserable. Someone has to compete to get in a public car, wait for his turn to meet the doctor, wait several hours in the traffic jam and fight hard to get a decent job. The competition is so high that even a child has to go through a tough fight to be accepted into a school.  

I believe there are many steps that a government can take to tackle these issues. Firstly, the government should control the prices of daily commodities and build more high-rising buildings to reduce house rent. More public buses with better facilities should be introduced to reduce traffic jams. Decentralisation and the development of the provincial towns would let the authorities shift many industries to these regions and thus reduce the pollution and pressure on the cities and metropolitan areas.

In conclusion, the government should take initiatives to improve people's living standards in cities and make sure rural areas and towns have plenty of job opportunities to reduce the pressure on big cities.

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