IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1167 - Only way to increase recycling is to make it a legal requirement

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement.

To what extent do you think laws are needed to make people recycle more of their waste?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1: [Opinion: Laws are required to make people recycle more of their waste]
Waste management and recycling issue has become increasingly important in recent years. Some individuals even suggest that governments should make recycling a legal requirement to increase the amount of waste recycled. In this essay, I will argue that when recycling would be made mandatory, more people and businesses would participate in it.

It is somewhat true that making it obligatory could be difficult to enforce in some places and could be perceived as an infringement of individual freedom. Moreover, recycling should be encouraged rather than mandated, through incentives such as tax credits or rebates. However, the dismaying outcomes of such initiatives suggest that we need laws to improve the situation.

So far voluntary efforts to increase recycling rates have been insufficient. So a legal mandate would encourage more people to recycle and would result in a significant increase in the amount of waste recycled. Moreover, it would provide a level playing field for businesses, as all would be required to follow the same recycling requirements, and the cost of recycling could be spread across a larger number of households. 

Another reason why making recycling a legal requirement would bring results is that it would create a sense of accountability among the public. When something becomes a law, people tend to take it more seriously and feel obligated to comply with it. Moreover, non-compliance would lead to legal repercussions, such as fines or even jail terms. This could motivate people to take recycling more seriously and make a conscious effort to recycle their waste.

In conclusion, while there may be some reasons why laws should not be used to force people to recycle, it is clear that legal requirements are necessary to increase the rate of recycling. Therefore, governments must take action to implement these laws and promote the importance of recycling to protect our planet for future generations.

Model Answer 2: [Opinion: Laws are NOT needed to make people recycle their waste.]
Many people argue that governments should make laws to increase the recycling of household waste. However, I believe that laws are not needed to make people recycle more of their waste. In this essay, I will discuss why laws are not the best way to increase recycling.

Firstly, people are more likely to recycle if they understand the benefits of recycling. Many individuals do not recycle because they do not know what happens to the waste they generate or why it is important to recycle. For example, in my neighbourhood, some people do not recycle because they do not know the recycling process. If governments provide more education and awareness programs, people will understand the benefits of recycling, and it will become a habit for them.

Secondly, the lack of access to recycling facilities is another reason why people in many areas do not recycle. In many places, recycling bins are not readily available, and people have to go out of their way to recycle their waste. For example, in some rural areas, there are no recycling facilities, which makes it difficult for people to recycle. If governments make recycling bins more accessible and convenient, people will be more likely to recycle.

Thirdly, financial incentives can be used to encourage recycling. In some places, people are paid for the waste they recycle, which motivates them to recycle more. For example, in Japan, the government pays people for the plastic bottles they recycle. This financial incentive motivates people to recycle more and reduces the amount of waste that goes to landfills.

In conclusion, I believe that laws are not needed to make people recycle more of their garbage. Instead, governments should focus on education and awareness programmes, provide more access to recycling facilities, and offer financial incentives to encourage people to recycle. If these measures are taken, people will be more likely to recycle their waste, which will benefit the environment and society as a whole.

Sample Answer 3: [Opinion: Waste recycling should be made mandatory for all through laws and regulations.]
Waste recycling is a widely discussed issue, but even after numerous initiatives and continuous announcements, people seem to react whimsically to this. Many opine that people tend to abide by something only when there are rules and legal obligations. This is why waste recycling should be made a law and mandatory to adhere to, in my opinion.

To begin with, waste recycling help save the environment and the process reuses many valuable materials. Some household garbage contains detrimental ingredients and can cause harm to the environment. If every homeowner takes the responsibility to participate in waste recycling, waste management as well as preserving a green environment would become easier. However, this is not the case and many people still ignore this. Thus comes the question of whether making it a law would force people to participate more and save the environment. I strongly believe this will.

Naturally, people have a tendency to ignore many important tasks - be it for themselves or society as a whole. They are sometimes as careless as crossing the busy streets instead of taking the overpass or underpass, though the latter is safer. On the contrary, when legal obligations and punishment for an act are in place, the number of participants seems like increases dramatically. For instance, when crossing busy streets instead of using the underpass in some cities has been made a legal offence, the number of road accidents decreased significantly over time. Similarly, when the government would make recycling mandatory by imposing laws, people would participate more in this.

Moreover, the main objective of the law is to deter people from doing something bad and punish offenders to maintain a peaceful society. Since waste recycling is directly related to our environment and the well-being of our future generation, we should make it a legal responsibility so that people do not ignore this important task.

In conclusion, laws and rules exist to encourage and somewhat force people to follow good trends and avoid bad practices. Since people are not spontaneously participating in waste recycling and the amount of garbage they produce is increasing. So the government must have defined rules and legislation to control it for the benefit of all.

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