IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1214 - What problems will your country face in the next ten years

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Countries around the world will be facing significant challenges relating not only to the environment but population and education as well.

What problems, in your opinion, will your country face in the next ten years?
How can these problems be overcome?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words. 

Model Answer 1:

The COVID-19 pandemic has shattered the world to its core, and ongoing wars in different regions have brought us to the verge of a large-scale war more devastating than at any time in human history. Thus the world is facing numerous challenges on top of its regular problems like global warming, overpopulation and poverty. My country, I believe, will face economic challenges and the possibility to get involved in a war in the next ten years.

The global economy has been hit hard by the ongoing pandemic, restrictions, wars, and recessions. My country, in particular, relies on imports more heavily than its exports. As a result, the foreign currency reserve may shrink in the future, making it more difficult to import necessary fuels and goods from other countries. It will surely have negative consequences on our economy. Moreover, our job market is likely to become more unstable due to the challenges faced by businesses. Besides, the world is watching appalling and devastating wars, and many countries, including ours, have a possibility to get involved in a war in the next few years. If this happens, the fate of our country is bleak.

To address the upcoming economic problems of our country, the authority has to take diverse initiatives to strengthen our export industries. They can offer incentives to export-oriented companies, for example, to achieve that. They should also take measures to increase our foreign reserves so that we do not get trapped in a situation where we will fail to import necessary foods and medicines for the lack of foreign currency. One way to achieve that is to restrict the amount someone from our country can spend on a foreign tour from now on. To avoid wars and regional conflicts, our leaders have to take part in friendly discussions with their counterparts instead of their hot rhetorics. We must understand that it is not a time to get involved in a war when millions of people are suffering from the ongoing pandemic and recession.  

In conclusion, our country has to act prudently to avoid economic crises and wars by all means as these two are the greatest threat ahead of us.  


Model Answer 2:

The world is changing rapidly, and many of these changes make it a far more challenging place for us to live peacefully. Global warming, wars, overpopulation, pollution and scarcity of resources will take the world to a staggeringly difficult situation. In the coming years, the biggest obstacle in front of India, my homeland, is to counter poverty and illiteracy. This essay will discuss these two problems and their possible solutions.

To begin, India is home to more than 1.4 billion people and is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. With a monstrous population and limited resources, people will face poverty more acutely in the coming decade. Cultivable lands are being converted into living spaces, cities are getting more polluted due to overpopulation, and poverty is setting in more deeply as a result. Along with this, the illiteracy rate will increase since poverty affects the literacy rate in any country. They are hard for the government and citizens to tackle, especially in a country that does not have a high budget for education. For example, according to some estimations, 60% of Indians will live below the poverty line in the coming days despite the increase in billionaires in this region, and the illiteracy rate will be higher among such destitute families.

The government has to propose strict guidelines for making primary and secondary education completely free and mandatory as an imminent solution to the illiteracy problem. The local administration, on top of that, should attract children to schools. For example, free meals in schools, in neighbouring Pakistan, have brought good results, and similar things could be implemented in India. As for the population problem, the "one-child policy" should be strictly enforced now. Finally, the awareness programmes and campaigns to educate people can bring some positive results as well.

In conclusion, the biggest challenge for India in the next ten years is to control poverty and ensure education for all. The government, local administration and citizens should contribute together to eliminating illiteracy and controlling rampant population growth.

Sample Answer 3:

The world is facing major challenges in various areas including the environment, population, and education, and many countries will be affected by these challenges in the next decade. This essay will discuss the challenges that my country is likely to face in the next ten years, and propose some practical solutions to address these problems.

One of the major obstacles that my country is likely to face in the next decade is a rapidly growing population. With limited resources and infrastructure, it will be difficult to meet the needs of an increasing population. This is likely to lead to issues such as overcrowding, inadequate housing, and increased demand for public services such as healthcare and education. To overcome this challenge, the government needs to focus on developing sustainable and equitable policies that encourage responsible family planning and ensure that basic necessities such as food, shelter, and healthcare are accessible to everyone.

Another significant challenge that my country will face in the next decade is environmental degradation. Factors such as industrialization, deforestation, and pollution have already had a profound impact on the environment, and this is likely to continue in the future. To address this challenge, it is essential to implement strict environmental regulations and promote sustainable practices in agriculture, industry, and transportation. This includes investing in clean energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Lastly, education remains a significant challenge in my country. Despite some progress in recent years, there is still a significant disparity in access to quality education between urban and rural areas. To overcome this challenge, the government needs to increase funding for education and prioritize teacher training programs to ensure that all students have access to quality education.

In conclusion, my country will face several significant challenges in the next decade, including a growing population, environmental degradation, and education disparities. However, by implementing sustainable policies, promoting responsible practices, and investing in education, we can overcome these challenges and build a more prosperous and equitable future for all.

Model Answer 4: 

It is often cited that the next decade will bring significant challenges to many countries, particularly in the areas of environment, population, and education. As a citizen of a comparatively rich country, I believe that our biggest challenge in the next ten years will be maintaining our economic growth while also addressing issues related to social inequality and mental health.

One of the primary challenges we face is rising inequality, with the gap between the rich and poor continuing to widen. This not only has social implications but also poses a threat to our economic stability in the long run. Additionally, mental health issues are on the rise, with stress, anxiety, and depression affecting a growing number of individuals. This not only affects the well-being of individuals but also their productivity and ability to contribute to society.

To overcome these challenges, we need to take a multi-pronged approach. First, we need to focus on creating more equitable opportunities for all members of society, regardless of their socioeconomic status. This includes investing in education and training programs, providing affordable housing, and offering financial support to those in need.

Second, we need to prioritize mental health services and support, including destigmatizing mental health issues and improving access to care. This includes promoting a healthy work-life balance and creating supportive work environments that prioritize employee well-being.

To conclude, while our country may not face the same challenges as other developing nations in terms of overpopulation and pollution, we still have significant hurdles to overcome in terms of social inequality and mental health. By taking proactive steps to address these issues, we can ensure a more prosperous and equitable future for all.

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As we progress further into a world of advancements, there are certain glaring issues which need to be addressed if my country, India, wants to progress, especially in the next 10 years. Though environment, population and education have been the core concerns for any country, I believe unemployment and a dearth of qualified medical personnel will be something to watch out for in the coming decade.

India is already the second-largest populated country in the world with a population of more than 1.3 billion. There has been no respite since independence. This soaring population is solely the reason for unemployment, housing scarcity, the spread of disease, corruption and many other problems. In the next decade, more and more students will graduate from colleges just to land in a sea of misery. Getting a decent job would be much more difficult than it has ever been. This shall also lead to various psychosocial problems and brain drain will increase to a staggering level.

Medical services will also take a hit in coming years. Every day we hear and read atrocities against doctors and malpractice by some rogue doctors. There is ongoing unrest among medical professionals and it will rise in the future. In the coming decade, rich would fly to other countries for medical treatment while the poor will suffer.

I believe, unemployment problem can be controlled by providing proper education for all, controlling the population growth and encouraging the growth of small scale industries. The government should also establish many healthcare centres and offer a state-supported treatment facility to mass people. Doctors' demands should be heard and solved so that they practice with respect and satisfaction.

In conclusion, India is going to face unemployment and healthcare-related issues in the coming decades but there is still time to take initiatives to be prepared to face those challenges.