IELTS Essay 1218 - Major cities continue to grow at a phenomenal rate

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Most major cities around the world continue to grow at a phenomenal rate due to the massive increase in population. This has led to a general decline in the quality of life in city areas as the environment becomes more crowded and polluted.

Give some reasons why this growth has occurred and suggest some practical solutions to this problem.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words. 



Model Answer:

The tremendous expansion of the metropolises and the worsening environment in such areas are major dilemmas in the contemporary world. Our classic towns and villages, with gardens and playgrounds, have turned into ugly concrete jungles, and that has led to a deterioration in people's living standards. This has primarily happened due to the mass migration to cities for better careers and amenities. The establishment of pristine societies and self-reliant suburban systems can improve the situation dramatically.

This urban sprawl could be attributed to two primary reasons. First, the migration of skilled and unskilled workers from rural to modernized societies, seeking a better job and higher quality of life, has accelerated it. It is evident that tens of thousands of people move to cities each year where they think they will have better prospects of career and earning. Secondly, city-centric education, healthcare, and other amenities have tempted people to move to cities. Take my grandfather as an example who moved to our capital city approximately 45 years ago with the hope that he would ensure better education for his children. This colossal movement of population to metro areas has increased the cost of living while declined the living standard.

The government needs to find effective solutions to check the mass migration of people to cities, and also prevent the deterioration of these municipalities and people's living standards there. Firstly, constructions of pristine societies where environmental standards can rival what used to be in our cities in retrospect could be a great initiative. Then, the authority can encourage people to live in towns and rural areas by providing important facilities, such as health coverage, free education, and child benefits. For instance, if people in suburban areas are offered health insurance and education for free, they would not plan to move to cities where treatments and child education are generally much expensive. Moreover, the development of the suburban area to create more jobs is also essential without compromising its green nature. This could be achieved by constructing more schools, offices, business centres while also setting higher minimum wages in these areas.

In conclusion, the explosion of population in municipalities kills our future and hope. So we - the government, civil societies and individuals, must tackle this crisis before it aggravates beyond our control.

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Amana
Most major cities around the world continue to grow at a phenomenal rate due to the massive increase in population. This has led to a general decline in the quality of life in city areas as the environment becomes more crowded and polluted.

Give some reasons why this growth has occurred and suggest some practical solutions to this problem.

It is an inevitable fact that the population keeps increasing all over the world with every passing day. And as we have divided ourselves into two parts - one is urban and the other is rural, this division clearly states that either of them lacks something or other, for example, the urban environment lacks calmness and serenity while the rural environment lacks proper development, modern amenities. The analysis contained within the following paragraphs will explore the issues and solutions surrounding the soaring urban population.

As the saying goes, "Change is the only constant thing in this world", everyone in today's world wants to move forward either in terms of a luxurious lifestyle or in terms of technology. And metropolitan cities look promising to a person who wants to achieve their dreams. As the metro cities have the top class amenities, multinational companies, and metro trains for public transportation, these stands to be the major reason why rural people move towards the cities and gradually settle down there forever. Due to this exponential growth in population in the developing cities, not only the lifestyle has been a major hit but also the tranquillity has decreased tremendously.

As days pass by, we can not deny the increasing rate at which people from rural areas will continue to migrate towards the cities. At this point, it will be mindful for us to learn a few measures from the developed countries. For example, Singapore is a well-planned country, each nook and corner of the country is planned in such a way that no sudden problem can occur out of the blue even after years. Although if any major destruction happens they have backup plans in place. So, we can consider Singapore as a model and similarly outline our communities so that the urban population would not seem like an issue after ages.

To conclude, the best way to predict the future is by creating it. If the city is planned way ahead by keeping in mind all the possible future scenarios, we as people can tackle any problem if faced. Simultaneously, if the government contributes towards rural development as well, then most of the problems can be fixed before they appear seriously.

Sabrina Qamar
Essay Question:
Most major cities around the world continue to grow at a phenomenal rate due to the massive increase in population. This has led to a general decline in the quality of life in city areas as the environment becomes more crowded and polluted.

Give some reasons why this growth has occurred and suggest some practical solutions to this problem.

Essay Answer:
The population in urban areas are soaring exponentially, and cities are becoming overcrowded, degrading the quality of life. Many large cities are extending their boundaries to suburbs, and rural areas, making cities even bigger. The main reasons behind the growth of megacities and their population are the need for jobs, quality education, and the amenities present in these metropolitan areas. In this essay, I would like to throw some light on such causes and solutions to them.

First of all, let us discuss employment in cities. Due to the unavailability of better jobs in rural areas, people prefer to migrate to urban areas to earn a decent livelihood. This can only be controlled if some major industries or companies are moved towards the rural areas. Secondly, lack of quality education forces people to move towards the cities who care for their future or their children’s education. India could be a good example here. In Indian villages, one can get education only up to secondary or senior secondary level. For higher studies, they have to turn towards cities. The only solution is to set up higher educational institutions in rural areas.

Furthermore, many governmental head offices, big hospitals and many other amenities are available only in larger cities. Decentralizatio n is the best solution for this issue. If rural people get all amenities around them, they do not have to move towards the urban areas.

In conclusion, requirements of facilities, education, and employment must be addressed by the government to cater to this problem. Every problem has a solution if it is handled properly.