IELTS Essay 1218 - Major cities continue to grow at a phenomenal rate

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Most major cities around the world continue to grow at a phenomenal rate due to the massive increase in population. This has led to a general decline in the quality of life in city areas as the environment becomes more crowded and polluted.

Give some reasons why this growth has occurred and suggest some practical solutions to this problem.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words. 



Model Answer:

The tremendous expansion of the metropolises and the worsening environment in such areas is one of the major dilemmas in the contemporary world. Our classic towns and villages with gardens, trees and playgrounds have turned into ugly concrete jungles which have led to a deterioration in the living standards. This has primarily happened due to mass migration of population to cities for better career options. Establishment of pristine societies and self-reliant suburban systems can improve the situation dramatically.

This urban sprawl could be attributed to several causes. Firstly, the migration of skilled and unskilled workers from rural to modernized societies, seeking for a better job and higher quality of life, have accelerated it. Secondly, city-centric education, healthcare and other amenities have tempted people to move to cities. This colossal movement of population to metro areas have increased the costs while declined the living standard. For instance, more than a thousand people live in one square kilometre in many South Asian cities. When population density increases to such level, it is only natural that the living standard would decrease and pollution would reach to a staggering level.

The government need to find solutions to prevent the deterioration of cities and the living standards of citizens. Firstly, this issue could be resolved by constructing pristine societies where environmental standards can rival what used to be in our cities in retrospect. Then, the states can encourage people to live in towns and rural areas by providing important facilities, such as health coverage and child benefits. Moreover, the development of the suburban area is also essential. That could be achieved by developing schools, social amenities and health care services and setting higher minimum wages in towns and rural areas.

In conclusion, the explosion of profound municipalities kills our future and hope. So we, governments, civil societies and individuals, must tackle this crisis before it aggravates beyond our control.

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Sabrina Qamar
Essay Question:
Most major cities around the world continue to grow at a phenomenal rate due to the massive increase in population. This has led to a general decline in the quality of life in city areas as the environment becomes more crowded and polluted.

Give some reasons why this growth has occurred and suggest some practical solutions to this problem.

Essay Answer:
The population in urban areas are soaring exponentially, and cities are becoming overcrowded, degrading the quality of life. Many large cities are extending their boundaries to suburbs, and rural areas, making cities even bigger. The main reasons behind the growth of megacities and their population are the need for jobs, quality education, and the amenities present in these metropolitan areas. In this essay, I would like to throw some light on such causes and solutions to them.

First of all, let us discuss employment in cities. Due to the unavailability of better jobs in rural areas, people prefer to migrate to urban areas to earn a decent livelihood. This can only be controlled if some major industries or companies are moved towards the rural areas. Secondly, lack of quality education forces people to move towards the cities who care for their future or their children’s education. India could be a good example here. In Indian villages, one can get education only up to secondary or senior secondary level. For higher studies, they have to turn towards cities. The only solution is to set up higher educational institutions in rural areas.

Furthermore, many governmental head offices, big hospitals and many other amenities are available only in larger cities. Decentralizatio n is the best solution for this issue. If rural people get all amenities around them, they do not have to move towards the urban areas.

In conclusion, requirements of facilities, education, and employment must be addressed by the government to cater to this problem. Every problem has a solution if it is handled properly.