IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.
IELTS Essay # 1418 - People are buying fewer new things and more second-hand goods
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Nowadays, many people are buying fewer new things and more second-hand goods.
What are the possible reasons for this trend?
Is this a positive or a negative development?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer: [Explaining two reasons + Expressing that it is a positive trend]
The shift towards purchasing more second-hand goods and reducing the consumption of new items represents a notable trend in contemporary society. Environmental consciousness and economic considerations are the main reasons for this trend, and its implications can be perceived as a positive trend.
One primary reason for the increasing popularity of second-hand goods is environmental consciousness. With growing concerns about climate change and resource depletion, individuals are becoming more aware of the ecological impact of their consumption habits. By buying used items, consumers reduce the demand for new production, which in turn decreases energy consumption and waste generation associated with manufacturing. This aligns with the global commitment to sustainability and responsible consumption.
Additionally, economic considerations play a pivotal role in this trend. Second-hand items are typically more affordable than their new counterparts, making them an attractive option, particularly for budget-conscious individuals or those looking to save money. The financial benefits of purchasing used goods can be substantial, allowing people to allocate their resources to other essential aspects of their lives. For instance, a student on a tight budget might opt to buy a pre-owned textbook for a fraction of the cost of a new one, or a family looking to furnish their home may choose to purchase second-hand furniture, freeing up their budget for other household necessities.
The trend of purchasing more second-hand goods than new items can be viewed as a positive development for several reasons. Firstly, it contributes significantly to reducing environmental impact. By extending the lifespan of products, fewer resources are required for manufacturing, thereby reducing pollution and conserving energy. For instance, when individuals choose to buy a used car rather than a new one, they decrease the demand for new vehicle production, leading to a reduction in the carbon footprint associated with manufacturing and transportation. Secondly, buying second-hand items often comes at a lower cost, making it an economically wise choice for many consumers. This affordability allows individuals to allocate their funds to other essential needs or investments, potentially improving their overall financial well-being.
In conclusion, the trend of buying more second-hand goods and reducing the consumption of new items is driven by environmental consciousness and economic considerations. It has many important positive implications for sustainability and personal finances. Therefore, it can be perceived as a positive trend.