IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1450 - Air travel is one of the main reasons for increasing air pollution

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Air travel is one of the main reasons for increasing air pollution these days. So restricting air travel is the only way to prevent air pollution.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1: [Disagreement]

Some people suggest that air travel is one of the main culprits for escalating air pollution these days, and restricting air travel is the only possible way to control air pollution. While air travel undeniably contributes to air pollution, it cannot be singled out as the sole culprit and its curtailment, while tempting, presents an overly simplistic solution to a complex environmental challenge. 

Firstly, attributing air pollution solely to air travel fails to acknowledge the substantial contributions of other sectors. Ground transportation, particularly fossil-fuel-powered vehicles, remains a major source of emissions. Industrial activities, from energy production to manufacturing, also spew substantial pollutants into the atmosphere. Focusing solely on aviation misses the wider picture and risks neglecting crucial areas for emissions reduction. For instance, investing in electric vehicles and public transportation infrastructure could yield far greater benefits for air quality than solely limiting flights.

Moreover, restricting air travel would impose significant economic and social consequences. Global connectivity, facilitated by air travel, fuels international trade, fosters cultural exchange and drives tourism-dependent economies. Imposing severe limitations on these air-borne links could stifle economic growth, isolate communities, and hinder global collaboration in fields like medicine and research. For example, restricting medical evacuation flights during a pandemic could drastically worsen its impact, highlighting the potential downsides of a blanket ban on air travel. Instead of resorting to draconian measures, a comprehensive approach that promotes cleaner technologies and operational improvements within the aviation industry holds greater promise. 

In conclusion, while air travel's contribution to air pollution cannot be ignored, attributing it as the sole culprit and proposing its radical curtailment is a misguided approach. Focusing solely on restricting flights overlooks the wider canvas of air pollution sources and risks jeopardizing global connectivity and economic progress. A multi-pronged strategy that embraces cleaner technologies, operational improvements within aviation, and targeted efforts in other sectors offers a more effective path towards cleaner air quality.

Sample Answer 2: [Agreement]

Some experts suggest that the surge in air travel has contributed significantly to the escalation of air pollution in modern times as air travel is the number one air pollutant. They also argue that to prevent escalating air pollution, air travel should be restricted. The assertion that curtailing air travel is the sole panacea for combatting air pollution is a viewpoint I wholeheartedly support. 

Firstly, the aviation industry's reliance on fossil fuels is a prime driver of air pollution. Commercial aircraft predominantly utilize jet fuels, emitting carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and other greenhouse gases. For example, a long-haul flight can discharge emissions equivalent to a substantial number of cars being driven for months. The extensive use of such fuels in aviation significantly intensifies the greenhouse effect, thus amplifying air pollution and accelerating climate change.

Secondly, the burgeoning demand for air travel exacerbates the strain on the environment. The consistent growth of the aviation sector worldwide translates to a continual surge in emissions. With an increasing number of flights and passengers each year, the environmental impact compounds, leading to heightened pollution levels. As travel becomes more accessible and affordable, the adverse effects on air quality burgeon, posing a severe threat to our ecosystem. An example illustrating the environmental strain caused by the rising demand for air travel is the substantial increase in global greenhouse gas emissions from aviation. For instance, according to a report by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the aviation industry accounted for approximately 2-3% of global carbon dioxide emissions in 2019. This figure is projected to escalate significantly by 2050 due to the surge in air travel demand and the absence of substantial mitigation strategies. Therefore, restricting the number of flights and regulating their emission level is the only possible way to prevent air pollution.

In conclusion, restricting air travel alone stands as a crucial and imperative measure in addressing the burgeoning global air pollution issue. By curtailing unnecessary flights, implementing sustainable aviation practices, and exploring alternative transportation methods for shorter distances, we can significantly mitigate the hazardous impact of air travel on our environment.

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