IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 197 - Human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are more important than saving land

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.  

Some people think that human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals.

Do you agree or disagree with this point of view? Why or why not?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

You should write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1:
As human population is significantly increasing every year, people's requirements are increasing too. We need more food, more machines, more place to live and so on. As a result, people need more land areas to satisfy their requirements. We cultivate and irrigate more and more lands to plant vegetables, build new buildings, airports, roads, etc. I think sometimes we forget that we are not alone on this planet. I have to disagree with those people who think that human needs are more important than saving land for endangered animals. I base my opinion on the following points.

First of all, as I have already mentioned, we are not alone on this planet. A few centuries ago we were the part of wild nature. I think we need to remember this fact and respect all creatures around us. The green planet has thousands of species and all of them have equal share to live here freely. If we use all the lands for us, it will be impossible for other species to survive. As humans, we have a responsibility to let other species live in a natural environment. 

Second of all, I believe that we all need to think of the problem of overpopulation. The human population is dramatically increasing and we have to do something about it. From my opinion, every family should have no more than two children. It will help to stop the growth of population, decrease human needs for farmland, housing and industry.

In conclusion, I think it is a very topical question nowadays that whether we, humans, have the supreme possession of everything on earth. My point is that all people should answer this question and find the solution. But as far as I am concerned, other species have as much right as we have to be here.


Model Answer 2:
Humans and animals have shared a very special relationship since the dawn of time. Humans have used animals for sustenance, for work and also for companionship. In the recent times, there has been a growing concern for the endangered species, with increasing number of birds and animals becoming extinct. I disagree with the point that the habitat for endangered species should be allowed to be used for housing and industries, thus giving more importance to human needs.

To support my opinion, firstly, the humans should be considerate and humane towards the Mother Nature and the living beings on earth. Consider the example of parrots, at present, parrots can be seen only in the animated movies or in the zoos. If the right steps would have been taken at the appropriate time, we could have saved more parrots. By being considerate for the animals we are making sure that the food chain of animals does not get disturbed and thus does not disturb the cycle of nature.

To give the problem a different perspective, the problem of land for more housing and industries should be solved with more constructive ways. Cities can be designed and planned with modern technology to use optimum land thus saving the land for the needful endangered species. To give an example, Singapore has a well-laid infrastructure which uses latest technologies to promote bio-diversity. The government has created national parks for the endangered species. Thus, both humans and animals thrive in harmony with constructive methods used to build modern cities.

To conclude, although the demand for land is growing every day for more human needs, there are constructive ways by which the supply can be produced, without endangering more animals and risking their extinction. It is also recommended to study and observe the modern city models like Singapore and South Korea to promote constructive ideas instead of destructive methods.

(by Deep Kagda)


Model Answer 3:
Ever increasing demands of mankind have strained the existing resources our mother nature has. For this elevated demands for farmland, housing & industry using the land traditionally reserved for forests is an easy, logical and cheap option for many. However, in my opinion encroaching the jungles will be more expensive and can be fatal if not stopped. We will see the ecological & economical impacts it is having on humanity in this essay.

Grabbing the forests is no less than attacking the homes of the wild animals, many of which are endangered species. This insane deforestation has detrimental impacts on our already fragile ecosystem. The major impact of fewer trees is high pollution as there are significantly fewer trees to absorb the CO2 and breathe out Oxygen. This has multitudes of consequences like global warming and erratic weather patterns, which is making the planet inhabitable by day. The result could be fatal and probably irreversible if deforestation is not controlled or stopped, and could be very costly for humanity.
The existence of many endangered animals is a litmus test for the health of the environment. For example, tiger being the topmost animal in food-chain, healthy number of tigers show all other parts in an ecosystem are working fine. Also, many endemic species are already vanished from the face of the earth due to loss of niche habitats. We do not have anything but pictures to see these beautiful animals and birds. If this deforestation is not stopped we will not have anything but only captured memories of our companions on earth to show to our future generations.
To conclude, the unthoughtful encroachment on forest land, home of many endangered animals, should be stopped. Otherwise, the effects will of it will be fatal and probably irreversible.

(by Nilesh Raut)
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Victor Obasi
As the human population is expanding every single day, there is a growing need for land to cover areas such as housing, farming and industries. The importance of food, shelter and industries have taken a special place in today's fast-growing world, and as a result, humans exploit the natural habitats of endangered species as a means of actualizing their goals for a sustainable and reliable development system. In my view, this is counterproducti ve and should not be allowed to continue.

The idea of utilizing as much land as possible for our own necessity is selfish and destructive. The world is not only for humans. It is a place where millions of fauna and flora live and if we continue to exploit their natural habitats, we might inadvertently be responsible for their extinction. This will eventually bring our own obliteration. For instance, a simple creature like the bee has so profound an impact on the ecosystem that their destruction can start a chain reaction to eventually bring the human civilisation on the verge of complete annihilation.

Secondly, the world runs in equilibrium and follows a strictly balanced system. Disrupting it by exploiting nature is totally counterproducti ve and can bring unfathomable natural calamities. For instance, if we continue to destroy forests, which is the home to millions of animals, we will be hampering the natural order and it will affect the weather, temperature and natural balance. Without this balance, our life will be threatened. So for our own good and survival, we need to maintain this balance. Since we are technologically advanced, we can grow vertically rather than destroying the land and the natural habitats of millions of animals and species.

Carefully considering the impacts overexploitatio n of nature will have on the world, animals, plants and humans, we should be careful about fulfilling our demands for lands, shelters and industrial production lest it does not become the reason for our own destruction.