General Training Reading Sample 8

Questions 27-32:
The Reading Passage on the following pages has seven paragraphs (A-G). Choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs A-B and D-G from the list of headings below.

Write the appropriate numbers (i-ix) in boxes 27-32 on your answer sheet.
NB There are more headings than paragraphs: so you will not use all of them.

List of Headings
i  Robots working together
ii  Preparing LGVs for take-over
iii  Looking ahead
iv The LGVs' main functions
v  Split location for newspaper production
vi Newspapers superseded by technology
vii Getting the newspaper to the printing centre
viii Controlling the robots
ix Beware of robots!

Example                               Answer
Paragraph C                              ix

27 Paragraph  A
28 Paragraph  B
29 Paragraph  D
30 Paragraph  E
31 Paragraph  F
32 Paragraph  G


The newspaper production process has come a long way from the old days when the paper was written, edited, typeset and ultimately printed in one building with the journalists working on the upper floors and the printing presses going on the ground floor. These days the editor, subeditors and journalists who put the paper together are likely to find themselves in a totally different building or maybe even in a different city. This is the situation which now prevails in Sydney. The daily paper is compiled at the editorial headquarters, known as the prepress centre, in the heart of the city, but printed far away in the suburbs at the printing centre. Here human beings are in the minority as much of the work is done by automated machines controlled by computers.
Once the finished newspaper has been created for the next morning’s edition, all the pages are transmitted electronically from the prepress centre to the printing centre. The system of transmission is an update on the sophisticated page facsimile system already in use in many other newspapers. An imagesetter at the printing centre delivers the pages as films. Each page takes less than a minute to produce, although for colour pages four versions, once each for black, cyan, magenta and yellow are sent. The pages are then  processed into photographic negatives and the film is used to produce aluminium printing plates ready for the presses.

A procession of automated vehicles is busy at the new printing centre where the Sydney Morning Herald is printed each day. With lights flashing and warning horns honking, the robots (to give them their correct name, the LGVs or laser guided vehicles) look for all the world like enthusiastic machines from a science fiction movie, as they follow their own random paths around the plant busily getting on with their jobs. Automation of this kind is now standard in all modern newspaper plants. The robots can detect unauthorised personnel and alert security staff immediately if they find an “intruder”; not surprisingly, tall tales are already being told about the machines starting to take on personalities of their own.

The robots’ principal job, however, is to shift the newsprint (the printing paper) that arrives at the plant in huge reels and emerges at the other end sometime later as newspapers. Once the size of the day’s paper and the publishing order are determined at head office, the information is punched into the computer and the LGVs are programmed to go about their work. The LGVs collect the appropriate size paper reels and take them where they have to go. When the press needs another reel its computer alerts the LGV system. The Sydney LGVs move busily around the press room fulfilling their two key functions to collect reels of newsprint either from the reel stripping stations or from the racked supplies in the newsprint storage area. At the stripping station, the tough wrapping that helps to protect a reel of paper from rough handling is removed. Any damaged paper is peeled off and the reel is then weighed.
Then one of the four paster-robots moves in. Specifically designed for the job, it trims the paper neatly and prepares the reel for the press. If required the reel can be loaded directly onto the press; if not needed immediately, an LGV takes it to the storage area. When the press computer calls for a reel, an LGV takes it to the reel loading area of the presses. It lifts the reel into the loading position and places it in the correct spot with complete accuracy. As each reel is used up, the press drops the heavy cardboard core into a waste bin. When the bin is full, another LGV collects it and deposits the cores into a shredder for recycling.

The LGVs move at walking speed. Should anyone step in front of one or get too close, sensors stop the vehicle until the path is clear. The company has chosen a laser guide function system for the vehicles because, as the project development manager says “The beauty of it is that if you want to change the routes, you can work out a new route on your computer and lay it down for them to follow”. When an LGV’s batteries run low, it will take itself offline and go to the nearest battery maintenance point for replacement batteries. And all this is achieved with absolute minimum human input and a much reduced risk of injury to people working in the printing centres.
The question newspaper workers must now ask, however, is, “how long will it be before the robots are writing the newspapers as well as running the printing centre, churning out the latest edition every morning?”
Questions 33 – 40:
Complete the flow-chart below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 33-40 on your answer sheet.

The Production Process

GT Reading Sample 8 Robots ar work

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0 # Mouna 2017-10-27 14:21
Hi, in regards to Q, 39, I wrote four-poster robots. Is that considered a right answer?
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0 # Victor 2018-01-01 03:47
No, because only one of the four robots moves in. "Then one of the four paster-robots moves in". Four is only the number of robots.
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0 # Mmafia 2017-10-22 19:24
I got 13/14 in 16 minutes. Where's that Akash guy who is always saying that the tasks are very easy, that he gets everything in seconds? He didn't take this particular task, I guess.
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0 # Kiran Reddy 2017-07-29 01:03
Do we need to write the answer like above??? Is it mandatory?
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+2 # Mebije 2017-05-29 02:42
I did not understand these heading-matching questions and their answers.
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0 # Nik 2017-04-11 08:22
Done... Got all correct. 26 minutes.
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+1 # Nik 2017-04-10 05:59
Took 29.20 minutes. I got no. five (paragraph 'f') wrong. I have answered 'IX'. The correct answer is 'viii'. How much time is enough for this?
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0 # Dilav Naik 2017-02-26 05:12
One little confusion... In answer 38, you wrote that is weighed... But I wrote "then weighed" so which one is true?? Please give me your reply.
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0 # Hardeep 2017-04-02 19:10
I doubt it will be helpful for you at this point of time, but if you pay attention it is a chart and arrows symbolize the step taken after. Thus, "then" is not required (as it basically represented by the arrow). Although I made the same mistake. :)
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-1 # Manogran 2016-11-17 23:02

I have got one question about the answers. Like in question 37, the answer is (tough) wrapping. What if we right tough wrapping will it be right or wrong and I don't understand why the putting the answers in brackets. Can anyone help me with this?
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0 # IELTS Mentor 2016-11-19 06:41
Good question Manogran. The answers show the optional part in the (). Not writing them or writing them would both be correct. For instance, the correct answer to the question 37 could be either the following:

-- tough wrapping
-- wrapping
-- damaged paper.

NB. () means this is the optional part of an answer while / means the alternative answer. However, the answer to question 33 explains that you should not write 'sent' but 'transmitted' while the (electronically) is optional part of the answer.
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-1 # Mehdi 2016-10-28 17:56
Thanks for everything. I appreciate you help. Could you send the voice file of this passage to my email? Thanks for your attention.
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0 # Biwas 2016-10-08 11:34
First of all, thank you for the practice material.
I was confused with Q No 39 because I think there are many possible answers to this question.
The reel is ___________.
If you want to skype me talk2biwas is my id.
Thanks again.
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0 # Sandy 2016-05-20 05:50
Hi, kindly add me up.
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+4 # KC 2016-04-04 02:30
This IELTS reading passage is not easy.
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+1 # Jam Feroz 2015-02-25 22:42
I see the answers 'robots at work' but I do not understand correctly please tell me that why robots and these headings are used for paragraphs. Tell me correctly.
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+1 # CSP 2016-10-27 21:44
Initially I too got confused with the paragraphs... specifically paragraphs D, E and F, too much of tech details. I tried again by making a flow as I read those paragraphs and was able to understand the paragraphs better and hence the answers. You may try it too.
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