GT Reading Test 5 Section 3 - The lack of sleep

GT Reading Mock Test 5:

|  Section 1  |  Section 2  |  Section 3  |

Section 3: Question 28-40

You are advised to spend 20 minutes on Questions 28-40.


GT Reading Sample: The lack of sleep


You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 28-40, which are based on the Reading Passage below.

The Lack Of Sleep

Section A
It is estimated that the average man or woman needs between seven-and-a-half and eight hours' sleep a night. Some can manage on a lot less. Baroness Thatcher, for example, was reported to be able to get by on four hours' sleep a night when she was Prime Minister of Britain. Dr Jill Wilkinson, senior lecturer in psychology at Surrey University and co-author of 'Psychology in Counselling and Therapeutic Practice', states that healthy individuals sleeping less than five hours or even as little as two hours in every 24 hours are rare, but represent a sizeable minority.

Section B
The latest beliefs are that the main purposes of sleep are to enable the body to rest and replenish, allowing time for repairs to take place and for tissue to be regenerated. One supporting piece of evidence for this rest-and¬repair theory is that production of the growth hormone somatotropin, which helps tissue to regenerate, peaks while we are asleep. Lack of sleep, however, can compromise the immune system, muddle thinking, cause depression, promote anxiety and encourage irritability.

Section C
Researchers in San Diego deprived a group of men of sleep between Sam and lam on just one night, and found that levels of their bodies' natural defences against viral infections had fallen significantly when measured the following morning. 'Sleep is essential for our physical and emotional well-being and there are few aspects of daily living that are not disrupted by the lack of it', says Professor William Regelson of Virginia University, a specialist in insomnia. 'Because it can seriously undermine the functioning of the immune system, sufferers are vulnerable to infection.'

Section D
For many people, lack of sleep is rarely a matter of choice. Some have problems getting to sleep, others with staying asleep until the morning. Despite popular belief that sleep is one long event, research shows that, in an average night, there are five stages of sleep and four cycles, during which the sequence of stages is repeated.
In the first light phase, the heart rate and blood pressure go down and the muscles relax. In the next two stages, sleep gets progressively deeper. In stage four, usually reached after an hour, the slumber is so deep that, if awoken, the sleeper would be confused and disorientated. It is in this phase that sleep-walking can occur, with an average episode lasting no more than 15 minutes.
  In the fifth stage, the rapid eye movement (REM) stage, the heartbeat quickly gets back to normal levels, brain activity accelerates to daytime heights and above and the eyes move constantly beneath closed lids as if the sleeper is looking at something. During this stage, the body is almost paralysed. This REM phase is also the time when we dream.

Section E
Sleeping patterns change with age, which is why many people over 60 develop insomnia. In America, that age group consumes almost half the sleep medication on the market. One theory for the age-related change is that it is due to hormonal changes. The temperature rise occurs at daybreak in the young, but at three or four in the morning in the elderly. Age aside, it is estimated that roughly one in three people suffer some kind of sleep disturbance. Causes can be anything from pregnancy and stress to alcohol and heart disease. Smoking is a known handicap to sleep, with one survey showing that ex-smokers got to sleep in 18 minutes rather than their earlier average of 52 minutes.

Section F
Apart from self-help therapy such as regular exercise, there are psychological treatments, including relaxation training and therapy aimed at getting rid of pre-sleep worries and anxieties. There is also sleep reduction therapy, where the aim is to improve sleep quality by strictly regulating the time people go to bed and when they get up. Medication is regarded by many as a last resort and often takes the form of sleeping pills, normally benzodiazepines, which are minor tranquillizers.

Section G
Professor Regelson advocates the use of melatonin for treating sleep disorders. Melatonin is a naturally secreted hormone, located in the pineal gland deep inside the brain. The main function of the hormone is to control the body's biological clock, so we know when to sleep and when to wake. The gland detects light reaching it through the eye; when there is no light, it secretes the melatonin into the bloodstream, lowering the body temperature and helping to induce sleep. Melatonin pills contain a synthetic version of the hormone and are commonly used for jet lag as well as for sleep disturbance. John Nicholls, sales manager of one of America's largest health food shops, claims that sales of the pill have increased dramatically. He explains that it is sold in capsules, tablets, lozenges and mixed with herbs. It is not. effective for all insomniacs, but many users have weaned themselves off sleeping tablets as a result of its application.

 

Questions 28-37

The passage has seven sections labelled A-G.

Which section contains the following information?

Write the correct letter A-G in boxes 28-35 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

28. the different amounts of sleep that people require  
29. an investigation into the results of sleep deprivation
30. some reasons why people may suffer from sleep disorders  
31. lifestyle changes which can help overcome sleep-related problems  
32. a process by which sleep helps us to remain mentally and physically healthy  
33. claims about a commercialised man-made product for sleeplessness  
34. the role of physical changes in sleeping habits  
35. the processes involved during sleep  
 

Questions 36-40

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage?

In boxes 36-40 on your answer sheet, write:

TRUE  if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE  if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this

36. Sleep can cure some illnesses.  
37. The various stages of sleep occur more than once a night.
38. Dreaming and sleep-walking occur at similar stages of sleep.  
39. Sleepers move around a lot during the REM stage of sleep.  
40. The body temperature rises relatively early in elderly people. 

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0 # Blessing 2017-11-14 12:28
7/7.
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+3 # Reena Sapkota 2017-01-21 15:27
The last statement is not clear...
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+2 # Shail 2017-01-16 12:03
You are right. 4) False 3) Children T-shirt? 6. and 7. should be 'Not Given'.
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0 # Marina 2018-03-02 09:39
7. All clothing is guaranteed to arrive WITHIN two months. And you can see in this sentence: Surface Mail (allow a MINIMUM of two months for delivery). So It's false because you have to wait for MINIMUM (not maximum) 2 months, so the clothes will arrive in 2 months onwards, so this option won't be guaranteed within 2 months.
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0 # Ammad 2017-04-09 11:08
1. No guarantee mentioned. 2. overnight option available. So the answer is 'NO'.
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+2 # Sana 2016-08-19 15:50
Where can I find tougher tests for General Training IELTS reading for practice?
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0 # Mukul 2016-08-07 07:08
Piece of cake.
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+1 # Ram Murti 2016-07-03 20:36
In answer 4, it is mentioned about the pocket. So how it is possibly not given? 'False' is the answer.
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0 # Deepuz 2016-10-27 03:09
I agree that it mentioned about pocket, but not mentioned about (how many pockets are there). That's why it should be NG.
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-2 # FB Bond Tough 2016-07-10 08:23
You are right. 4) False 3) Children. 7-shirt? It would be T-Shirt... It is a typing mistake.
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0 # Deepak Bhati 2016-06-18 12:58
Hi, I have a confusion about question 2. The option is available in men's shirt so its answer should have been given as 'F'. There is no option for Children's shirts, hence it should have been 'NG' instead of 'F'. Requesting for comments and explanation.
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-3 # Honey 2016-05-30 00:41
Question 3 asked for shirts, but in the passage, it does not mention children's t-shirts. How can both be compared? Can someone explain, please?
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0 # FB Bond Tough 2016-07-10 08:24
That is 'NG', because it's their mistake. You can write NOT GIVEN.
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+4 # Ahmed 2015-10-28 02:10
I think this exam is not for English language evaluation. It is has something related to the logic of thinking that are different between people.
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0 # Ammad 2017-04-09 11:09
So true.
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+1 # Azgar Khan 2015-08-23 09:54
Can anybody explain question number 2 and its answer?
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0 # Aap 2016-03-02 06:34
The answer is 'Not Given' because they have not mentioned how many colours. They have just given in different colours.
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-1 # Meng 2015-10-10 12:12
Got the wrong answers for 2 and 4. Though its 'false', the question is the number of pockets, it indicated 4 sizes. Since it is not mentioned, the answer is 'not given'.
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-2 # Sara 2015-05-27 03:50
I find the reading section of IELTS harder and harder. Please tell me what I should do as after 2 days my test will be conducted.
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+1 # Shivang 2015-05-29 23:30
I also have on 30th, I think with you, we will try to chat.. lol.
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0 # Abdul 2015-05-23 11:18
The answer to the 4th question must be 'False'. I don't understand how come it is saying not given! It is clearly saying that "it has large strong pockets". So it should be 'False'. Please correct me if I am wrong.
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0 # Ademola 2015-05-28 17:07
The answer to question no. 4 is 'Not Given'. There is no place where such statement was mentioned. In fact, there wasn't anyplace where child's jacket was mentioned.
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+1 # Nahid 2015-05-28 07:07
Strong pockets, not how many pockets.
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0 # Anne 2015-03-15 18:06
I found that the reading passages are getting harder and harder... Heeeei.
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-1 # Manju 2015-02-20 08:29
Answers to question 6 and 7 should be 'Not Given'.
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0 # Natalia 2015-05-18 16:00
No, 6 & 7 are FALSE: $7.95 - regular post, not special next-day delivery; allow a minimum of two months for delivery.
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