Graph Writing # 99 - Units of electricity production by fuel source in Australia and France
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Chart:
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie charts below show units of electricity production by fuel source in Australia and France in 1980 and 2000.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» Write at least 150 words.
Units of electricity by fuel source in Australia
Units of electricity by fuel source in France
Sample Answer 1:
The pie charts show data on the electricity production from fuel sources in Australia and in France in 1980 and 2000.
As is observed from the pie charts, coal was the main source for electricity production in Australia while France used the nuclear power more in recent years to produce their electricity demand.
According to the given data, Australia produced 100 units of electricity in 1980 and 170 units in 2000 while the production in France was 90 units and it doubled in the year 2000. In Australia, coal was the main source of electricity production and half of the total electricity produced came from coal in 1980. Natural gas and hydropower contributed of producing 20 units of electricity while remaining 10 units was produced from oil. The dependency on coal increased in 2000 for electricity production while oil and natural gases were very minimally used for electricity production. Nuclear power was not used in Australia as a source for producing electricity. On the contrary, in France, natural gas and coal together produced half of the electricity in 1980. The use of nuclear power increased significantly in France in 2000 amounting 126 units in this year compared to the 15 units 20 years back.
Sample Answer 2:
The pie charts illustrate the total production of electricity measured in units and divided by different sources of fuel in Australia and France in the year 1980 and 2000.
Overall, it is clearly shown that major fuel sources used in electricity production were different in Australia and France.
First of all, there were considerably more units of electricity produced in Australia in 2000 (170 units) than 1980 (100 units). The majority of electricity produced in Australia in both years was from the coal, but there was a higher dependency of coal in the production of electricity in 2000 than 1980 (130 out of 170 and half of the total respectively). There was an increase of 16 units of electricity produced by hydropower from 1980 to 2000 whereas the other sources like natural gas and oil contributed less to the electricity production in 2000 than in 1980.
Turning to the fuel sources in France, it is apparent that electricity production doubled in 2000 than in 1980, which was 180 for the former and 90 for the latter. The most striking feature is that there was only 15 out of 90 units of electricity produced by nuclear power in 1980. However, it became the main fuel source of electricity production in France in 2000, which was 70%. Not forgetting to mention that the use of other fuel sources in the electricity production became less in 2000 than in 1980.
[ Written by - Lee Wing Qeen ]
Sample Answer 3:
The given pie charts illustrate the changes on the fuel sources for making electricity in two different countries in 1980 and 2000. From this chart, we can immediately observe that the total production of electricity in 2000 was around twice as it was in 1980, both in Australia and France. However, the amount of electricity production by different fuel sources was quite different in both countries.
For Australia, in 1980, there were 20 units and 10 units of electricity produced by natural gas and oil, respectively. Dramatically, in 2000, the demand of both of these sources got decreased, and only 4 units of electricity were produced. Moreover, no significant changes happened in the amount of electricity made by hydropower in 1980, and 2000 as well.
However, as a fuel source that hasn’t been used in Australia, nuclear power seems to be more popular in France, which made 15 units in 1980. In 2000, apparently, nuclear power became the main fuel source for producing electricity. 126 units of electricity were made from this source, which was 8 times as many as the amount in 1980. Furthermore, there was no change in the usage of coal for make electricity between 1980 and 2000. In contrast, the amount of electricity made by coal increased significantly, compared with in 1980.
All in all, there was a lot of change on the different fuel sources for making the amount of electricity in Australia and France in 1980 and 2000.
[ Written by - Wang Zhe Veta ]
Sample Answer 4:
The pie charts reveal units of electricity produced by fuel source in Australia and France in two different years, 1980 and 2000. In general, coal was the main source for electricity production in Australia and nuclear power replaces other fuel sources in France in 2000.
Looking at the details, in 1980 coal accounted exactly a half of the electricity production in Australia, 50 out of 100 units. Yet, the oil source was true as the smallest proportion, only 10 units of 100 units. Meanwhile, in France, coal and natural gas were noticed as main sources of electricity, they both generated 25 units each out of 90 units. In contrast, hydropower shaped a tiny proportion, only 5 out of 90 units.
Furthermore, in 2000, electricity produced from coal resource rose dramatically in Australia; it accounted 130 out 170 units and exactly was the biggest proportion among other sources, while natural gas and nuclear power produced lower electricity than in 1980. It was only 4 units of both. In contrast, in France, nuclear power was the biggest electricity sources. It amassed 126 out of 180 units, nearly 3 quarters. Meanwhile, electricity from natural gas decreased significantly, only 2 units out of 180 units.
[ Written by - Linda ]
Sample Answer 5:
Pie graphs reveal information about the units of electricity production in two countries - Australia and France in 1980 and 2000. Five kinds of fuel sources namely coal, oil, natural gas, hydropower and nuclear power were used for producing electricity in these two countries.
To begin with, the main source of power in Australia was coal and it produced 50 units of electricity in 1980 which was half of the total production. Natural gas and hydropower were used to generate 40 units of electricity in this year. After 20 years there was a rapid increase in the usage of coal that generated 130 units among the total 170 units. However, there was a gradual fall on the usages of natural gas and oil as it supplied tiny fractions of the total electricity produced this year in Australia.
On the contrary in France coal, natural gas and oil were mainly used to produce necessary electric power while in later years the use of nuclear power increases tremendously. While only 15 units of electricity were generated using this source in 1980, it increased to 126 in 2000. Use of hydropower and natural gas was being replaced by this new energy source.
[ Written by - Waode Eti ]
Overall, both countries have increased the production of electricity by 70 units in 20 years timeline. Australia used 4 sources of electricity while France used 5 sources. It is apparent that the use of nuclear energy to produce electricity significantly increased in France.
In detail, coal had been the major source to produce electricity in Australia and its use increased by almost 2 quarters in this time period. Followed by an increase in hydropower by 16 units. A decrease was recorded in the use of natural gas and oil by 2000 in Australia as it produced only 2 units of electricity from these energy sources. Surprisingly, Australia did not use nuclear energy to produce electricity during this time.
On the other hand, France produced 25 units of electricity from coal in these years, and its nuclear power units increased from 15 to 126 which was a colossal growth in these years. Oil as a source of electricity recorded 5 units increase in these years while France only produced 2 units of electricity from hydropower and natural gas.
Overall, both countries produced more electricity in 2000 than that of two decades earlier. Moreover, Australia's electricity generation heavily relied on coals while France enhanced its nuclear power to generate electric power.
Starting with the units of generated electricity in Australia, in 1980, the total production was 100 units and it reached 170 units in 2000. 50 units of electricity were produced by coal, the largest source, in 1980, and it dramatically increased to 130 units in 2000. Moreover, 20 units were generated by each of hydropower and natural gas in 1980. However, the units produced by hydropower surpassed the gas that reached 36 units in 2000. Meanwhile, it dropped significantly to 2 units, that was produced by gas. 10 units were generated by oil in 1980 and it declined further to only 2 units in 2000 as well as natural gas. Nuclear power had no share to generate electricity in this county.
Turning to France, 90 units were generated in 1980 and it almost doubled to 170 in 2000. Only 15 units were produced by nuclear power in 1980 and it increased up 126 units in 2000 being the largest source. Hydropower generated the same units in 1980 and 2000 that estimated 25 units. 25 units were also produced by gas in 1980 and it dropped to just 2 units in 2000. Oil generated 20 units in 1980 and it elevated to 25 units in 2000.
Overall, nuclear power, as a source for electricity production, was widely used in France in 2000, and coal was the main ingredient to generate electric power in Australia.
Australian total electricity production in 1980 was 100 units, which increased by 70 more units after two decades. The major source of electricity production in Australia was coal and natural gas, and they help produce 50 and 20 units respectively in 1980 which was followed by oil that produced 10 units in that year. Hydropower was a minor source that generated 20 units. After 20 years, coal produced 126 units out of 170 units of electricity production in Australia while the second biggest source was Hydropower.
On the other hand, France produced 90 and 170 units of electricity in 1980 and 2000 respectively. 5 units were generated from hydropower in France in 1980 and the remaining 85 units came from other sources and each contributed between 15 to 25 units of electricity generation. Just after 20 years, France increased its nuclear power for electricity generation to a great extent as 126 units out of total 170 came from this single source. Hydropower and natural gas were not used that much and coal and oil each was used to produce 25 units of electricity.