Graph Writing # 33 - Heart Attacks by Ages and Genders in USA
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph:
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below shows information about Heart Attacks by Ages and Genders in the USA.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» You should write at least 150 words.
Heart Attacks per year, USA (in thousands)
Model Answer 1:
The bar chart gives information on the number of Americans who experience a heart attack in a year based on their gender and age groups. Overall, males have a significantly higher rate of myocardial infarction, a medical term used for heart attack, than that of females and older Americans are more prone to have heart attacks than young ones.
As is presented in the diagram, more than 120 thousand American males between 29 and 44 years get a heart attack while it is scarcely the case among the women of the same age group. The heart attach rate considerably goes higher with the increase of the age and for the Americans over 65 years, this rate is the highest. While over 420 thousand males suffer from this in a year who are middle-aged, it is noticeably lower for women from the same age group. However, Americans over 65 years old suffer from a heart attack the most regardless of their gender and 440 thousand males have had it in a year against the 374 thousand women.
Model Answer 2:
The presented chart compares the number of people having heart attacks per year in the USA with respect to their age groups and genders. As is observed from the chart, the tendency of males to have a heart attack is higher than that of females in all age groups.
It is apparent that the young age group which involves people aged from 29 to 44 has the lowest rate of heart attacks per year in the USA. On average, 123 thousand men and 3 thousand women have heart attacks every year. However, the middle age group which consists of people aged between 45 and 64 has a significantly higher possibility to have a heart attack. 424 thousand males, on average, have heart attacks every year. On the contrary women’s heart attack incidents are recorded as on 136 thousand per year from the same age group of Americans.
The oldest age group constitutes the highest rates of heart attacks. Heart attacks among males are averaged as 440 thousand whereas female hear attacks are 374 thousand per year. Unlike the other age groups, the gap between male and female are largely covered in this age group.
In conclusion, as people get older the risk of having heart attack increases, however in young ages men are more prone to a have a heart attack than of women.
[Written by - Haktan Adali]
Sample Answer 3:
The chart compares the number of people (in thousands) having heart attacks per year in the USA based on their age and gender. As a general trend, it is observed that more men suffer from heart attacks compared to women in all age groups.
It is seen in the chart that risk of having a heart attack among men increases manifold after the age of 45. As compared to 123,000 men having a heart attack in the age group of 29-44, there are 424,000 and 440,000 men who suffer from heart attacks in the age group of 45-64 and 65+ respectively. Only 3000 women suffer from heart attacks under the age of 45. The risk increases in the age group of 45-64 and reaches almost the similar rate as of men after the age of 65.
In summary, men are at a greater risk of having heart attacks in all age groups and the risk increases for both men and women after the age of 65.
[By - Priyanka Varma ]
Sample Answer 4:
The given chart shows data on the number of the US people who suffer from heart attack dividing them into three age groups. As is observed from the given information, men have more heart attack rates than female and both men and women over 65 years old are prone to heart attack than younger age groups.
Men have more heart attach rates than women in all age groups. Firstly, 123 thousand men suffer from heart attacks compared to the 3 thousand female who fall under the 29 to 44 age group. Again, among the 45 to 64 years group, more than 400 thousand men have had heart attacks and this number is almost three times higher than the rate among female of this age group. Finally, US people over 65 years old suffer from heart attacks more than other two age groups and that exceeds 300 thousand for female and 400 thousand for men. Women in 65+ age group suffer from heart attacks significantly more than other age groups.
In conclusion, more American men suffer from heart attacks than women and this rate is higher among the people over 65 years old.
(Approximately 181 words)
( This model answer can be followed as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)
According to the graph, more men than women have had a cardiovascular failure in the USA during the period of the survey. The data clearly shows that the number of cases increases according to the age groups - the higher the age the more the cases. Men's cases are reported at 123 thousand for the age group of 29-44 which reaches exponentially at 424 for the age group of 45-65 and finally, 440 thousand at the age bracket of 65 and older. By comparison, the women have the least cases as 3,000 in the age group of 29-44, 136 thousand when they are between 45 and 64 years old and finally, at 374 thousand in 65 or older age group. It can also be seen the cases of heart attack among 65 or older are the highest- both for males and females. It is evident that the cases of heart attack among men are much higher than that of females.
123 thousand men between the age of 25 and 44 have heart attacks in one year, while the figure among women of the same age group is significantly lower. Risks increase dramatically as people get older, especially among women, however, heart attacks among males still outnumber those regarding the other gender. According to the data, 136 thousand cases are reported every year women in the age group 45- 64, more than 40 times the number of heart attacks among middle-aged women.
The yearly number of heart attacks of elderly females go as high as 374 thousand, but the figure regarding men in the same age group is even higher, at 440 thousand.