IELTS graph 318 - Average percentages in typical meals of three types of nutrients

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Charts:

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show the average percentages in typical meals of three types of nutrients, all of which may be unhealthy if eaten too much.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Average percentages of sodium, saturated fats and added sugars in typical meals consumed in the USA

Average percentages in typical meals of three types of nutrients


Model Answer 1:

The pie charts illustrate the ratio of sodium, saturated fats and added sugar in four average daily meals consumed by Americans. The percentages of these three nutrients in breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks that American citizens generally consume are given and they are detrimental for health if consumed plenty in quantity.

Overall, dinners and lunches that the USA residents consume are sodium and saturated fats rich while their snacks have a high portion of added sugar.

In details, USA citizens' sodium, sugar and saturated fats intake during the breakfast is comparatively lower, around 14-16% each time. Intake of these nutrients is considerably higher in food items they eat during lunch and dinner. The lunch they eat comprises of 29% sodium, 26% saturated fats and nearly 20% sugar. They consume much higher percentages of these nutrients, which are harmful to health when eaten too much, while they heave their dinner. Their intake of sodium, saturated fats and sugar during dinner are 43%, 37% and 23% respectively. Finally, the snacks they enjoy contain high sugar and fats, 42% and 21%, respectively, and the sugar intake in snacks is higher than that of dinner and lunch.


Sample Answer 2:

The diagram illustrates the proportion of three types of nutrients in typical meals, which can be unhealthy if consumed too much. 'Sodium', 'saturated fats' and 'added sugar' are these three food nutrients and the data is taken from the breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks Americans eat.

Generally speaking, Americans eat less sodium, saturated fats and sugar during their breakfast but they consume a large proportion of them while they eat their lunch and dinner. The snacks also contain these nutrients in plenty.

The first chart shows the average percentage of sodium intake by Americans. Dinner contains the highest ratio of sodium (43%) while 29% of it is eaten while having lunch. Breakfast and snacks include an equal proportion of sodium, which is 14% each. The second chart outlines the percentages of saturated fats in meals. By eating dinner, average Americans consume 37% of saturated fats, which is the highest among the meal types. Lunch contributes to a consumption of 26% saturated fats, followed by snacks with 21% and breakfast with 16%. The last pie chart illustrates the proportion of added sugar in meals. Snacks contain the highest proportion of it, 42%. A typical dinner includes 23% sugar while lunch and breakfast contain 19% and 16% respectively. It is worth noticing that, these three nutrients are less consumed through breakfasts by Americans.

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