IELTS graph 319 - One country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Charts:

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Export Earnings (2015 -2016)

One country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016

Change in each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015

 

Model Answer:

The bar graph compares export earnings of a country in billions of dollars from five different product categories in 2015 and 2016 while the table data outlines the percentage change in export revenue in 2016 than that of the previous year.

Overall, petroleum and engineered products were the main export revenue earners for this country both in 2015 and 2016, and the export amount increased in 2016 than the figure of previous years except for gems and jewellery commodities.

In details, the country earned approximately 220 billion dollars from its export trades in 2015 which increased by around 10 billion dollars next year. In 2015, earning from petroleum export was over 60 billion dollars, the highest amount, while engineered goods brought nearly 58 billion, the second-highest. Next year they made roughly 63 and 62 billion respectively. Jewellery and agricultural products consisted of 70 billion income in 2015 while the textile goods secured around 27 billion, which was the lowest. In 2016, the country exported just over 30 billion dollar's textile and agro merchandises each, and nearly 40 billion dollar's jewellery.  

Next year, the country gained more export revenue except for jewellery products, revenue from which dropped by nearly 5%. Besides, the export of engineered goods soared by 8.5% while the highest increase was for textile products, over 15%. Finally, it earned 3% and approximately 1% more from petroleum and agricultural merchandises in 2016 than that of 2015.

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Chuiharu Matsumoto
The bar graph and table data illustrate the exports of a country between 2015 and 2016. The bar graph depicts the export amount of each category in billions of dollars, and the table presents the change in export quantity in 2016 compared to that of 2015.

Overall, petroleum products, engineering goods, gems and jewellery were the main export items for the country, and the country's export in 2016 increased in these categories except for gems and jewellery while the highest increase was in textile items.

Breaking down into each sector, petroleum products produced the highest export earning for the country, 60 billion dollars in 2015 and it increased by 3% to about 62 billion in 2016. The engineered goods came second, about 58 billion dollars in 2015 and also went up by 8.5% to about 61 billion. However, the gems and jewellery category dropped by 5.18%; it earned about 42 billion dollars in 2015 and 40 billion in the next year. The agricultural products marked a slight uplift which was 30 billion and 31 billion in 2015 and 2016 respectively. As given in the data, the textile products marked the highest growth of 15.24% than the previous year which were about 28 billion in 2015 and 31 billion in 2016.