IELTS graph 319 - One country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Charts:
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Export Earnings (2015 -2016)
The bar graph compares export earnings of a country in billions of dollars from five different product categories in 2015 and 2016 while the table data outlines the percentage change in export revenue in 2016 than that of the previous year.
Overall, petroleum and engineered products were the main export revenue earners for this country both in 2015 and 2016, and the export amount increased in 2016 than the figure of previous years except for gems and jewellery commodities.
In details, the country earned approximately 220 billion dollars from its export trades in 2015 which increased by around 10 billion dollars next year. In 2015, earning from petroleum export was over 60 billion dollars, the highest amount, while engineered goods brought nearly 58 billion, the second-highest. Next year they made roughly 63 and 62 billion respectively. Jewellery and agricultural products consisted of 70 billion income in 2015 while the textile goods secured around 27 billion, which was the lowest. In 2016, the country exported just over 30 billion dollar's textile and agro merchandises each, and nearly 40 billion dollar's jewellery.
Next year, the country gained more export revenue except for jewellery products, revenue from which dropped by nearly 5%. Besides, the export of engineered goods soared by 8.5% while the highest increase was for textile products, over 15%. Finally, it earned 3% and approximately 1% more from petroleum and agricultural merchandises in 2016 than that of 2015.
Overall, the two main product categories that stood high in export revenues were petroleum products and engineered goods for both the years 2015 and 2016. It can be seen that out of five categories, four have shown a positive gain in revenue except for gems and jewellery.
To elaborate more on the revenue of the country, the net income generated from the five commodities sums up to an amount of approximately 215 billion dollars from its export trade in 2015 and the trade revenue in 2016 rose to approximately 230 billion dollars. In 2015, the earning from petroleum products was up and above 60 billion dollars which was the highest amount, while the engineered goods stood high next to petroleum products with over 55 billion dollars worth of revenue. Next year, these two products helped the country make roughly 63 billion dollars and 62 billion dollars respectively. Jewellery and agricultural products brought 70 billion dollars of revenue in 2016, while the textiles individually earned over 30 billion dollars in 2016, roughly 8 billion dollars more than the previous year.
The growth in the textile industry saw a massive surge in comparison to other industries. The textile industry grew by 15.24% which is way higher than engineered goods that stand second with 8.5% growth. Petroleum having the highest revenue did not receive much growth and had only 3% growth. Among the lowest growing products, agricultural products saw a very minimal 0.81% growth whereas gems and jewellery showcased a negative growth of 5.18%.
Overall, petroleum products, engineering goods, gems and jewellery were the main export items for the country, and the country's export in 2016 increased in these categories except for gems and jewellery while the highest increase was in textile items.
Breaking down into each sector, petroleum products produced the highest export earning for the country, 60 billion dollars in 2015 and it increased by 3% to about 62 billion in 2016. The engineered goods came second, about 58 billion dollars in 2015 and also went up by 8.5% to about 61 billion. However, the gems and jewellery category dropped by 5.18%; it earned about 42 billion dollars in 2015 and 40 billion in the next year. The agricultural products marked a slight uplift which was 30 billion and 31 billion in 2015 and 2016 respectively. As given in the data, the textile products marked the highest growth of 15.24% than the previous year which were about 28 billion in 2015 and 31 billion in 2016.