Graph Writing # 51 - Number of minutes of telephone calls In the UK
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph:
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below shows the total number of minutes (in billions) of telephone calls in the UK, divided into three categories, from 1995-2002.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» Write at least 150 words.
UK telephone calls, by category, 1995-2002
Sample Answer 1:
The bar chart outlines the duration of local, national & international and mobile phone calls in the UK between 1995 and 2002.
Overall, British citizens talked over the local land-lines the most; and mobile phone gained a huge popularity over the time, especailly after the year 2000.
Initially, in 1995, British residents talked over 70 billion minutes using local-fixed lines, and their conversation duration on the national and international fixed-lines was almost half of that. They spoke only b million minutes on cell phones. The communication span via local-fixed lines was the highest in 1999 when it accounted for 90 billion minutes. At that time, their national and international landline communication amounted 50 billion minutes, and over 10 billion minutes on the cell phones. It is evident that the total number of phone conversation using the local lines increased till 1999 and then kept on declining while a steady growth was evident for national and international fixed line calls. During 2001, British people spoke around 60 billion minutes on national and international land-lines while the use of mobile phone was on the hike, around 50 million minutes conversation was made by cell phones.
Model Answer 2:
The bar chart outlines the duration of phone calls by the UK residents from 1995 to 2002.
Generally speaking, most of the UK citizens made local calls during the period and the usage of cell phones rapidly increased.
According to the bar chart, initially in 1995, British talked more than 70 billion minutes on fixed-lines while about 37 billion minutes were national and international fixed line calls. Only approximately 3 billion minutes were spent by people to talk over cell phone calls. The use of local fixed-line increased steadily until 1999 when it reached to 90 billion minutes and after that, the number decreased each year and finally reached to nearly 72 billion in 2002.
The national & international-fixed dialling increased each year and reached to 61 billion in 2002 from the initial figure of 38 billion. Finally, the number of cell phone calls expanded significantly each year which shows its increasing popularity. In 1995, the mobile phone calls were only 2 billion minutes and in 2000 it reached to approximately 25 billion minutes. Over the next 2 years, this number increased to 45 billion.
In summary, mobile phone calls gained a significant popularity among the UK callers and as of 2002, the local fixed-line calling was still the highest in the UK.
Model Answer 3:
A glance at the bar graph reveals how many minutes (in billions) of telephone conversations were made in Britain in eight years, 1995 to 2002. Overall, the local fixed-line calls were the most popular type from 1995 to 2002 but the increasing use of cell phone in later years was noticeable.
In 1995, the local call duration was 70 billion minutes and then it steadily rose to approximately 90 billion after four years. However, the local calls span rapidly slipped to somewhere in the vicinity of 70 and 80 billion. In a stark contrast, the national and international - fixed lines and mobiles (all calls) features showed upward trends.
It is evident that the national and international fixed line calls climbed gradually from just under 40 to 60 billion in 2002. The mobiles calls, however, grew steadily in the first five years and after that witnessed a quick rise to more than 40 billion minutes.
It is interesting to note that through eight years period, the local fixed-line calls remained the highest among three call types in the United Kingdom.
[ Written by - Quynh Tran]
Sample Answer 4:
The bar chart demonstrates the duration of phone calls in the United Kingdom divided into three different types, during an eight-year period, commencing from 1995.
Looking at the details, domestic and overseas phone calls and mobile lines accounted an increase of telephone calls. Yet, the number of local calls showed a fluctuation.
The quantity of national and international call during this time in the UK was about 36 billion minutes in 1995 and swelled gradually to about 36 billion minutes in 2002, approximately twice than that of 1995. Meanwhile, mobile call showed the same trend. The number of mobile phone calls went up significantly from only about 2 billion minutes in 1995 to about 45 billion minutes in 2002 and outlined a dramatic rise, in fact, almost 28 times higher than in 1995.
In contrast, the number of local calls fluctuated over the times observed. It was about 71 billion in 1995 and rose modestly to about 90 billion minutes in 1998. The figure levelled off and began to go down in 2002 and kept on falling significantly until 2002 when the figure hit about 71 billion minutes. Nevertheless, the local fixed-line calls constituted the highest duration. The popularity of cell phone calls increased steadily over the period.
[ Written by - Linda ]
Sample Answer 5:
The bar chart illustrates annual duration of phone calls (in billion minutes) made by British people in three different categories between 1995 and 2005. In general, local fixed-line was the most popular type of telephone used by people living in the UK over the period and cell phone gained its popularity steadily.
More than 70 billion minutes were utilised by United Kingdom’s citizens to communicate each other through local fixed-line over those years and that was the highest total number of minutes talked. The use of local fixed-line reached a peak in 1999, at 90 billion minutes before falling by around 18 billion minutes in the next three years.
On the other hand, although the minutes of mobile phones were not as many as those of national and international - fixed line, this type of communication had upward trends over the time. While national and international - fixed line started roughly 38 billion minutes and then increased by approximately 22 billion at the end of the year, cell phones had about 3 billion minutes in 1995 and then rose significantly until reaching a peak to just under 50 billion in 2002.
[ Written by - Cipto Troena ]
To put my view into perspective, there was a forward trend among three types over the time observed. Local calls are the most common category people used in the years.
In 1995, most people chose to use local calls, and that made about 70 billion minutes of talk time. While the national and international calls were lower than that at 45 billion, and the mobiles were the least popular category for calling, at just under 5 billion. The year 1995 to 1999 experienced a slight growth in local calls, reaching a peak at 90 billion. After that period, people using local calls dropped steadily to above 70 billion minutes.
People spent more time calling by national and international line in the years. The number of minutes went up steadily, ending at approximately 60 billion in 2002. Similarly, mobile calls increased slightly between 1995 and 1999 from 5 to 13 billion. However, interestingly, the period 1999 to 2002 saw a considerable increase in mobile phone calls - 40 billion minutes.
Overall, local fixed-line calls reached a peak by the middle of the period then gradually decline. National and international calls showed a gradual rise over the whole period with mobile calls rising considerably toward the end of the period.
Regarding local fixed-line calls, in 1995 they began at slightly over 70 billion minutes and rose gradually to a peak of 90 billion minutes by 1999. However, from 2000 the trend showed a gradual decline in numbers of calls ending in 2002 at the same amount as the start of the period.
Turning to national, international fixed calls and mobile calls - mobile calls in 1995 stood at around 2 billion minutes and over the next 4 years, they showed a gradual rise with a considerable increase in call duration from 2000 to 2002. International fixed calls showed a similar pattern, starting at under 40 billion minutes of calls in 1995 then climbed steadily to around 60 billion minutes of calls in 2002.
Overall, while the number of minutes talked on national and mobile phones by UK citizens increased, the figure of minutes spent on local fixed-line decreased over time.
Looking at the details of the chart, the figure of minutes talked on local fixed-line was almost double, 72 billion, compared to the number of minutes spent on the mobile device, around 38 billion. Meanwhile, the number of minutes spent on national land phone was just 3 billion minutes in 1995.
From 1995 to 1999, there was a steady rise in the number of minutes spent on local fixed-line and reached a peak of 90 billion minutes in 1990. The figure for mobile phone conversations witnessed a steady increase during the same period. Similarly, there was a significant rise in the number of minutes spent on national landline calls.
During the next four years, the duration of local fixed-line calls decreased gradually. Between 1999 and 2001, however, the duration of national landline calls significantly increased. After that, it remained stable.
Finally, from 1995 to 2002, the popularity of mobile phones to have conversation increased in the UK.
Initially, UK citizens spent 70 billion minutes on local calls, while the total duration of mobile calls in the same year stood at 5 billion. After 4 years, the popularity of local calls had reached the highest point of 100 billion minutes, before decreasing gradually until 2002 to become similar to the initial data. The yearly figure for mobile calls surpassed 10 billion minutes by the year 1999 and increased almost 5-fold two years later.
National and international fixed lines were used for about 38 billion minutes in 1995 and the figure surged to 50 billion in 2001. In the final year of the given period, the total time that people in the UK used national and international calls was over 60 billion minutes while for mobile calls, the figure declined to 45 billion.
Overall, local line calls accounted for a higher duration of conversations than other telephone calls over the whole period. However, the use of mobile phones increased gradually and steadily.
At a glance, local calls made by UK citizens was the highest among the three types of calls they made and its duration increased between 1995 and 1999 and reached a peak in 1999 with a figure of 90 billion minutes. The duration of local calls made by UK residents then declined until the end of 2002, even though it was still higher than the duration of their mobile and national & international fixed-line calls.
Moreover, the duration of national and international calls increased slowly throughout the whole period but was comparatively higher than the duration of total mobile calls. Furthermore, the mobile calls made by UK people gradually climbed from merely 4 billion minutes in 1995 to over 45 billion minutes in 1999. It shows the rising popularity of mobile phone calls by UK citizens.
We can observe from the graph that the call duration of British citizens using local fixed lines increases from 1995 to 1999. After that, the local call duration decreased. But national and international fixed lines and mobile phone calls increased gradually from 1995.
Initially, in 1995, local fixed lines call duration was over 70 billion minutes and the national and international fixed lines were over 35 billion, but mobile phone calls were only about 3 billion minutes, but it increased gradually from 1995 to 1999. In 1999, British people talked the highest duration in local fixed lines. It was near 90 billion. After 1999, local fixed lines call duration decreased gradually. But national and international fixed lines call duration increased noticeably over the period. In 2002, local fixed lines call duration was over 70 billion and the national and international fixed lines call was over 60 billion minutes. Mobile phone calls duration grew rapidly from 1999. In 2002, nearly 45 billion minutes were talked over mobile phone calls.