Graph Writing # 51 - Number of minutes of telephone calls In the UK

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the total number of minutes (in billions) of telephone calls in the UK, divided into three categories, from 1995-2002.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» Write at least 150 words.

                           UK telephone calls, by category, 1995-2002

Bar Chart - UK telephone calls, by category

Sample Answer 1:
The bar chart outlines the duration of local, national & international and mobile phone calls in the UK between 1995 and 2002.

Overall, British citizens talked over the local land-lines the most; and mobile phone gained a huge popularity over the time, especailly after the year 2000.

Initially, in 1995, British residents talked over 70 billion minutes using local-fixed lines, and their conversation duration on the national and international fixed-lines was almost half of that. They spoke only b million minutes on cell phones. The communication span via local-fixed lines was the highest in 1999 when it accounted for 90 billion minutes. At that time, their national and international landline communication amounted 50 billion minutes, and over 10 billion minutes on the cell phones. It is evident that the total number of phone conversation using the local lines increased till 1999 and then kept on declining while a steady growth was evident for national and international fixed line calls. During 2001, British people spoke around 60 billion minutes on national and international land-lines while the use of mobile phone was on the hike, around 50 million minutes conversation was made by cell phones.


Model Answer 2:
The bar chart outlines the duration of phone calls by the UK residents from 1995 to 2002.

Generally speaking, most of the UK citizens made local calls during the period and the usage of cell phones rapidly increased.

According to the bar chart, initially in 1995, British talked more than 70 billion minutes on fixed-lines while about 37 billion minutes were national and international fixed line calls. Only approximately 3 billion minutes were spent by people to talk over cell phone calls. The use of local fixed-line increased steadily until 1999 when it reached to 90 billion minutes and after that, the number decreased each year and finally reached to nearly 72 billion in 2002.

The national & international-fixed dialling increased each year and reached to 61 billion in 2002 from the initial figure of 38 billion. Finally, the number of cell phone calls expanded significantly each year which shows its increasing popularity. In 1995, the mobile phone calls were only 2 billion minutes and in 2000 it reached to approximately 25 billion minutes. Over the next 2 years, this number increased to 45 billion.

In summary, mobile phone calls gained a significant popularity among the UK callers and as of 2002, the local fixed-line calling was still the highest in the UK. 


Model Answer 3:
A glance at the bar graph reveals how many minutes (in billions) of telephone conversations were made in Britain in eight years, 1995 to 2002. Overall, the local fixed-line calls were the most popular type from 1995 to 2002 but the increasing use of cell phone in later years was noticeable.

In 1995, the local call duration was 70 billion minutes and then it steadily rose to approximately 90 billion after four years. However, the local calls span rapidly slipped to somewhere in the vicinity of 70 and 80 billion. In a stark contrast, the national and international - fixed lines and mobiles (all calls) features showed upward trends.

It is evident that the national and international fixed line calls climbed gradually from just under 40 to 60 billion in 2002. The mobiles calls, however, grew steadily in the first five years and after that witnessed a quick rise to more than 40 billion minutes.

It is interesting to note that through eight years period, the local fixed-line calls remained the highest among three call types in the United Kingdom.

[ Written by - Quynh Tran]


Sample Answer 4:
The bar chart demonstrates the duration of phone calls in the United Kingdom divided into three different types, during an eight-year period, commencing from 1995.

Looking at the details, domestic and overseas phone calls and mobile lines accounted an increase of telephone calls. Yet, the number of local calls showed a fluctuation.

The quantity of national and international call during this time in the UK was about 36 billion minutes in 1995 and swelled gradually to about 36 billion minutes in 2002, approximately twice than that of 1995. Meanwhile, mobile call showed the same trend. The number of mobile phone calls went up significantly from only about 2 billion minutes in 1995 to about 45 billion minutes in 2002 and outlined a dramatic rise, in fact, almost 28 times higher than in 1995.

In contrast, the number of local calls fluctuated over the times observed. It was about 71 billion in 1995 and rose modestly to about 90 billion minutes in 1998. The figure levelled off and began to go down in 2002 and kept on falling significantly until 2002 when the figure hit about 71 billion minutes. Nevertheless, the local fixed-line calls constituted the highest duration. The popularity of cell phone calls increased steadily over the period.

[ Written by - Linda ]


Sample Answer 5:
The bar chart illustrates annual duration of phone calls (in billion minutes) made by British people in three different categories between 1995 and 2005. In general, local fixed-line was the most popular type of telephone used by people living in the UK over the period and cell phone gained its popularity steadily.

More than 70 billion minutes were utilised by United Kingdom’s citizens to communicate each other through local fixed-line over those years and that was the highest total number of minutes talked. The use of local fixed-line reached a peak in 1999, at 90 billion minutes before falling by around 18 billion minutes in the next three years.

On the other hand, although the minutes of mobile phones were not as many as those of national and international - fixed line, this type of communication had upward trends over the time. While national and international - fixed line started roughly 38 billion minutes and then increased by approximately 22 billion at the end of the year, cell phones had about 3 billion minutes in 1995 and then rose significantly until reaching a peak to just under 50 billion in 2002.

[ Written by - Cipto Troena ]

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.33 (23 Votes)

Huy Huynh Quoc
The bar chart illustrates the aggregate number of minutes of phone calls in the UK, namely local, national and international and mobiles, between 1995 and 2002.

To put my view into perspective, there was a forward trend among three types over the time observed. Local calls are the most common category people used in the years.

In 1995, most people chose to use local calls, and that made about 70 billion minutes of talk time. While the national and international calls were lower than that at 45 billion, and the mobiles were the least popular category for calling, at just under 5 billion. The year 1995 to 1999 experienced a slight growth in local calls, reaching a peak at 90 billion. After that period, people using local calls dropped steadily to above 70 billion minutes.

People spent more time calling by national and international line in the years. The number of minutes went up steadily, ending at approximately 60 billion in 2002. Similarly, mobile calls increased slightly between 1995 and 1999 from 5 to 13 billion. However, interestingly, the period 1999 to 2002 saw a considerable increase in mobile phone calls - 40 billion minutes.

The bar chart illustrates the total number of calls in the UK in billions of minutes with three call types over eight years, from 1995 to 2002.

Overall, local fixed-line calls reached a peak by the middle of the period then gradually decline. National and international calls showed a gradual rise over the whole period with mobile calls rising considerably toward the end of the period.

Regarding local fixed-line calls, in 1995 they began at slightly over 70 billion minutes and rose gradually to a peak of 90 billion minutes by 1999. However, from 2000 the trend showed a gradual decline in numbers of calls ending in 2002 at the same amount as the start of the period.

Turning to national, international fixed calls and mobile calls - mobile calls in 1995 stood at around 2 billion minutes and over the next 4 years, they showed a gradual rise with a considerable increase in call duration from 2000 to 2002. International fixed calls showed a similar pattern, starting at under 40 billion minutes of calls in 1995 then climbed steadily to around 60 billion minutes of calls in 2002.

The bar chart provides data on the number of minutes spent on local-fixed line, national and international fixed-line and mobile phone calls by Britons during the periods from 1995 to 2002.

Overall, while the number of minutes talked on national and mobile phones by UK citizens increased, the figure of minutes spent on local fixed-line decreased over time.

Looking at the details of the chart, the figure of minutes talked on local fixed-line was almost double, 72 billion, compared to the number of minutes spent on the mobile device, around 38 billion. Meanwhile, the number of minutes spent on national land phone was just 3 billion minutes in 1995.

From 1995 to 1999, there was a steady rise in the number of minutes spent on local fixed-line and reached a peak of 90 billion minutes in 1990. The figure for mobile phone conversations witnessed a steady increase during the same period. Similarly, there was a significant rise in the number of minutes spent on national landline calls.

During the next four years, the duration of local fixed-line calls decreased gradually. Between 1999 and 2001, however, the duration of national landline calls significantly increased. After that, it remained stable.

Finally, from 1995 to 2002, the popularity of mobile phones to have conversation increased in the UK.

Nguyen Thuong Vu
The given bar chart displays how long people in the UK talked over three different types of telephones, between 1995 and 2002. Generally speaking, local-fixed lines were the most popular while national and international- fixed line's usage increased steadily throughout the years.

Initially, UK citizens spent 70 billion minutes on local calls, while the total duration of mobile calls in the same year stood at 5 billion. After 4 years, the popularity of local calls had reached the highest point of 100 billion minutes, before decreasing gradually until 2002 to become similar to the initial data. The yearly figure for mobile calls surpassed 10 billion minutes by the year 1999 and increased almost 5-fold two years later.

National and international fixed lines were used for about 38 billion minutes in 1995 and the figure surged to 50 billion in 2001. In the final year of the given period, the total time that people in the UK used national and international calls was over 60 billion minutes while for mobile calls, the figure declined to 45 billion.

The bar chart illustrates information regarding the duration of calls by people of Britain, with three different varieties (local, national and international and mobile calls) during the eight years; from 1995 to 2002. The minutes are measured in billions.

Overall, local line calls accounted for a higher duration of conversations than other telephone calls over the whole period. However, the use of mobile phones increased gradually and steadily.

At a glance, local calls made by UK citizens was the highest among the three types of calls they made and its duration increased between 1995 and 1999 and reached a peak in 1999 with a figure of 90 billion minutes. The duration of local calls made by UK residents then declined until the end of 2002, even though it was still higher than the duration of their mobile and national & international fixed-line calls.

Moreover, the duration of national and international calls increased slowly throughout the whole period but was comparatively higher than the duration of total mobile calls. Furthermore, the mobile calls made by UK people gradually climbed from merely 4 billion minutes in 1995 to over 45 billion minutes in 1999. It shows the rising popularity of mobile phone calls by UK citizens.

Saddam Hossain
The bar chart demonstrates the duration of different types of phone calls in the UK. It gives talking duration by Brits using local fixed lines, national and international fixed lines, and mobile phones.

We can observe from the graph that the call duration of British citizens using local fixed lines increases from 1995 to 1999. After that, the local call duration decreased. But national and international fixed lines and mobile phone calls increased gradually from 1995.

Initially, in 1995, local fixed lines call duration was over 70 billion minutes and the national and international fixed lines were over 35 billion, but mobile phone calls were only about 3 billion minutes, but it increased gradually from 1995 to 1999. In 1999, British people talked the highest duration in local fixed lines. It was near 90 billion. After 1999, local fixed lines call duration decreased gradually. But national and international fixed lines call duration increased noticeably over the period. In 2002, local fixed lines call duration was over 70 billion and the national and international fixed lines call was over 60 billion minutes. Mobile phone calls duration grew rapidly from 1999. In 2002, nearly 45 billion minutes were talked over mobile phone calls.

Jeremy Lee
Jagsir Singh
The rendered statistical representation vividly depicts the tree methods of calling in the UK from 1995 to 2002. The data has been given in billion of minutes. Glimpse of the table chart reveals that initially the maximum calls were made by local fixed line and people spent 70 billion minutes which were approximately double than that of the national and international ones. Only 2 billion were spent on mobile-phone calling in the UK. In addition to this, the use of all these ways of communication increased steadily till 1999 (80, 50 and 10 billions respectively).Moving further, the trend of decreasing can be seen in the use of local fixed line which reached at 70 billions in 2002. While other both ways of calling increased at stood at approximately 60 billions and 45 billions respectively. Overall, it becomes apparent that although the use of local fixed line was maximum but the largest change witnessed in cell phones over the period in the UK.
The bar chart illustrates the amount of time that UK citizens spent on different telephone call types over a period of 7 years.Overall, the local - fixed line was the most popular in every year. However, the gaps between local fixed line, national/international fixed line and mobiles became smaller throughout the period.In 1995, people made calls mostly by local fixed line. The figure for this call type was around 70 billion minutes, which was double than the amount of minutes that UK residents spent on national/international calls. By contrast, mobile calls accounted for a smaller number of 3 billion minutes. An upward trend can be seen in the next 4 years. The amount of local calls minutes increased significantly, peaked at about 90 billion minutes. Similarly, the time spent on two other types rose by 10 billion each.The figure for local calls declined whereas that of others grew over the following 3 years. People spent less time on local calls, at the same point as the year 1995. Nevertheless, local calls remained the most popular. National/International calls and mobiles were used more frequently, at around 60 billion and 45 billion minutes respectively.(189 words - Written by QQ)
Marco Ortiz
The bar graph shows phone call durations in billion minutes in the UK from 1995 to 2002. Overall, mobile phones became more popular despite landlines being more extensively used throughout the period. In 1995, the duration of landline calls was 72 billion minutes and it gradually increased until it reached the peak in 1999 at 90 billion minutes. Afterwards, it's usage began to decrease and recorded only a little over 72 billion minutes in 2002. On the contrary, the use of National and International fixed lines and mobiles went up. The national and international fixed-call recorded almost 37 billion minutes in 1995 and upsurged to roughly 60 billion minutes in 2002. Finally, mobile phones were used to make only around 5 billion minutes call and a remarkable record of approximately 45 billion minutes in 2002.In summary, both National and International fixed-rate and mobiles got popular as more people used these kinds of services while local phones were the highest used phone types despite its decreasing popularity.
The given chart compares total minutes (in billions) of telephone calls in the UK for the local- fixed line, national and international - fixed line and mobiles. It is clear that the amount of mobile usage increased steadily and sometimes dramatically among 1995 till 2002.As is presented as a census of a perusal at first local telephone was consumed more than 70 minutes in billion, national and international phone calls were used for 38 billion minutes and quota of mobile was 3 billion minutes in 1995. The ratio of national and international consumption swelled up monotonously and reached to 61 billion minutes in 2002 as a peak. Local line obeyed national and international scenario until 1999, met 90 billion minutes, then plunged and rebound to the initial value of 1995 in 2002 as nadir with gentle tilt. In the same script, mobile phone increased until 1999 and after a rapid lunge rocketed and received to 47 billion in minutes with serve ingredient.In summary, it is obvious that the mobile phone consumption grew in 3 recent years especially among the UK inhabitants.
Nayyer Bajwa
The bar chart shows...
Here total minutes consumed is shown in billion, not total people.