Graph Writing # 52 - Changes in number of Asian elephants between 1994 and 2007
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph:
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the changes in the maximum number of Asian elephants between 1994 and 2007.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» Write at least 150 words.
Sample Answer 1:
The graph shows the estimated highest population of elephants in nine different Asian countries. Overall, India had the highest number of elephants and except in Cambodia and Laos, the number of elephants declined noticeably.
According to the graph, elephants in most of the countries in the list fell in 2004 than that of earlier 1997. This was more prevalent in Malaysia and Thailand where the number of this species dropped to less than half the figure in 1997. In the former, the number of elephants fell as low as 1000.
India remained the country with by far the largest elephant population but experienced a dramatic decline in the number of elephants in seven years. China had the least number of elephants which was a thousand only and this decreased to half of that in seven years. Although the trend was downwards overall, the elephant population in Laos and Vietnam remained almost the same, just over a thousand. The only country where elephant's population actually grew was Cambodia, where the number increased by 200.
Sample Answer 2:
The bar graph provides information on the number of elephants in different countries between 1997 and 2004. Generally speaking, in India and Myanmar, the maximum number of elephants inhabited and the total number of elephants decreased over time.
As is presented in the bar graph, approximately 10 thousand elephants lived in India in 1997 which was the highest among the given countries. Myanmar is the second largest country for elephants’ dwelling. Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and China had about 1000 elephants in 1997 while Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Thailand had roughly 3000 elephants. The least number of elephants were in China in 1997.
After 7 years, in 2004, the number of elephants in all countries decreased except in Laos. The number of elephant in India fell to 7500 in 2004 while this number decreased to 4800 in Myanmar and only to 1200 in Thailand. Cambodia is the only country where the total number of elephants increased while the number reached to an alarming number of less than 500 in China.
In summary, India, Myanmar and Thailand had the largest number of elephant among the given countries and except in Cambodia and Laos, elephants presence decreased only in 7 years which is alarming for the existence of this species.
The diagram outlines the population distribution of elephants in nine Asian countries in 1997 and 2004. Generally speaking, India had the highest number of elephants in both years while the total number of this species harshly declined during the period.
As is presented, roughly 10000 elephants inhabited in India, the highest, which dropped to nearly 7500 in just seven years. Myanmar had the second largest number of elephants, over 5000, while China had only 1000 elephants in 1997. Their number in both countries declined and only 500 elephants were recorded in China in 2004.
Malaysia and Sri Lanka had around 3000 elephants and in just 7 years, the number of elephant in the former country declined to as low as 1000. Vietnam and Laos had around a thousand elephants and the figure remained the same in Laos. The only place where elephant population grew was Cambodia where more than a thousand elephants dwelled. Finally, Thailand was the home to approximately 4 thousand elephants, which dropped to just over a thousand in merely 7 years.
India is a top place in Asia where large numbers of elephants are found followed by Myanmar. China has the lowest density of these mammals. Thailand used to be the third largest in terms of numbers, but during 7 years, this data has dramatically changed. Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos are those countries stable on preserving elephants although they are not listed as larger countries.
During the period, the largest numbers of decrease in number of elephants happened in Thailand followed by Myanmar by over half of the previous period. In the meantime, Vietnam, Laos and China are somehow consistent at 1000 in terms of living elephants. In Contrast, Cambodia's elephant population increased during the period.
In short, elephants' numbers declined in many Asian countries despite an increase in a few cases.
It is obvious that India possessed a significant number of elephants when compared with the other eight countries. Furthermore, the number of Indian elephants decreased most dramatically, by a quarter to be exact, to become 7500 by the year 2004. Regarding Thailand and Malaysia, the estimated maximum figure of elephants in both countries became a third after 7 years, standing at lower than 2000.
The elephant population in Myanmar was around 4800 in the year 2004, which was 2000 more than that in Sri Lanka. The statistic of Laos remained unchanged, at just over 1000. There was a slight drop in Vietnam, while the opposite trend can be seen in Cambodia, as the figure surged past 1500. It was the only country where the number of elephants increased in seven years. And finally, the estimated elephant population in China was 1000 in the year 1997 but dipped below 500 after 7 years.
Overall, India, Myanmar and Thailand led the chart with the highest number of elephants, but over 13 years in most of the countries the population had reduced.
As is observed from the graph, India possess the highest elephant population with 10,000 in 1997, but in 2004, it decrease dramatically to approximately 7,000. Another country that shows a great fall in its population is Thailand - from almost 4000 to 1000. In the case of Myanmar, Sri Lanka and China, the population dropped slightly. China was the country with the lowest number of elephants with only 500. In other places, such as Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, the population of elephants tend to remain the same around 1000 elephants.